Primatial Cathedral of Bogotá
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The Cathedral Metropolitan Basilica of Bogotá & Primate of Colombia (Spanish: Catedral Basílica Metropolitana y Primada de Bogotá), officially the Cathedral Basilica Metropolitan & Primate of the Immaculate Conception & Saint Peter of Bogotá , is a Roman Catholic cathedral located at the eastern side of Bolívar Square in Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. It is seat of the Archbishop of Bogotá, Luis José Rueda Aparicio.
|Cathedral Basilica Metropolitan & Primatial of the Immaculate Conception & Saint Peter of Bogotá|
Catedral Basílica Metropolitana y Primada de la Inmaculada Concepción y San Pedro de Bogotá
|District||Archdiocese of Bogotá|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Cathedral, Minor basilica|
|Leadership||Archbishop Metropolitan of Bogotá Luis José Rueda Aparicio|
|Architect(s)||Fray Domingo Petres|
|Completed||1823 (1946 reforms)|
|Direction of façade||West|
The Cathedral was built four-times in the same place. The first construction took place between 1556-1565 to replace the original thatched chapel, but due to poor foundation it later collapsed. The second construction took place around in 1572, yet the earthquake of 1785 reduced it to ruins. The fourth and final construction occurred between 1807 and 1823. It is said to be built by descendants of Jesuit missionaries. When the Spanish conquerors officially founded the city of Bogotá (changing the original Indian name of the city: Bacata), they established in 12 huts and a hay-church, that -after being totally built- would take the name of Archbishopric Cathedral of Bogotá. The cathedral holds the remains of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, founder of Bogotá. The cathedral, its area 5,300 square meters, is the biggest in Colombia and one of the biggest ones in South America.
In one of its side chapel an image of the Virgin of Sorrows is venerated since 1610 under the name of Nuestra Señora del Topo. She is the patroness of the Primatial Cathedral Prelates and her feast is celebrated on November 7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Primate Cathedral of Bogota.|
- Arquedíosis de Bogotá Catedral Primada de Colombia (in Spanish)