Pridnestrovie Communist Party

The Pridnestrovie Communist Party (Russian: Приднестровская коммунистическая партия) is a communist party in the unrecognized state of Transnistria, led by Oleg Khorzhan until his arrest and imprisonment in 2018. The party has been described as "young and dynamic" by state media, in contrast to the more "conservative" Communist Party of Pridnestrovie.

Pridnestrovie Communist Party

Приднестровская коммунистическая партия
AbbreviationPCP (English)
ПКП (Russian)
ChairpersonNadezhda Bondarenko
(acting, since 2018)[1]
Founded20 April 2003 (2003-04-20)
HeadquartersGagarin Boulevard, 1B, Tiraspol
NewspaperPravda Pridnestrovya[2]
IdeologyCommunism[3]
Marxism–Leninism[3]
Political positionFar-left
Continental affiliationUnion of Communist Parties – Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Seats in the Supreme Council
1 / 43
Party flag
Pridnestrovie Communist Party flag.png
Website
www.kp-pmr.ru

The party newspaper is the Russian-language biweekly Pravda Pridnestrovya. It is printed in Georgia and sold locally; digital copies are also available online.

HistoryEdit

The PCP first fielded candidates in the 2005 legislative election, but did not win any seats.

Nadezhda Bondarenko, an editor of the official party newspaper Pravda Pridnestrovya and a member of the party's central committee, was the PCP's candidate in the 2006 presidential election. She received 8.1% of the vote, coming second to Smirnov, who won his fourth term in office with 82.4% of the vote.[4]

Khorzhan and Bondarenko were arrested on 11 March 2007 while handing out leaflets ahead of an anti-Smirnov rally, and were sentenced to three-day's detention as an administrative punishment. Two days later on 13 March, a communist demonstration took place in the capital Tiraspol against growing consumer prices and energy tariffs. Demonstrators also demanded the release of the two detained PCP leaders.[5]

During Yevgeny Shevchuk's term as President of Transnistria from 2011 to 2016, PCP legislative members supported nearly all of his initiatives, even unpopular ones such as the reduction of government salaries and pensions by 30%.[6] Party leaders insisted however, that they were legitimate opposition to Shevchuk, and rejected accusations of being fake opposition.[7]

Transnistrian authorities arrested Khorzhan again on 6 June 2018, this time for allegedly assaulting law enforcement.[8][9] Several other party members had been arrested by authorities prior to Khorzhan,[10] including his wife, his son, and Tiraspol city council deputy Alexander Samoniy.[11] On 3 November 2018, the Supreme Court of Transnistria found Khorzan guilty of his alleged crimes, and he was sentenced to 4½ years in prison and ordered to pay a hefty fine.[12]

LeadershipEdit

Electoral resultsEdit

ParliamentaryEdit

Supreme Council
Election year Seats +/– Government
2010
1 / 43
Opposition
2015
1 / 43
  Opposition

PresidentialEdit

Election year Candidate Votes % Position Result
2011 Oleg Khorzhan 12,646 5.09 4th Not elected
2016 Oleg Khorzhan 8,012 3.17   3rd Not elected

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Исполняющей обязанности Председателя ЦК ПКП назначена Н.А. Бондаренко - Компартия Приднестровья". www.kp-pmr.ru. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Приднестровская Коммунистическая Партия - Правда Приднестровья". www.kp-pmr.ru. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Transnistria". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ "Trans-Dniester separatist authorities in eastern Moldova detain opposition leaders - Mar. 12, 2007". 12 March 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  5. ^ RIA Novosti - World - Communists rally in Moldova's breakaway region
  6. ^ "Măsuri anticriză în Transnistria. Firmele off-shore vor plăti impozite". Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  7. ^ Первый Приднестровский (15 October 2017). "Тройственный союз. Хоржан – Шевчук – Молдова". Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via YouTube.
  8. ^ "Задержан приднестровский депутат Олег Хоржан". Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  9. ^ Department, Emile Schepers, CPUSA International (13 July 2018). "International Notes: July 13". Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Freedom to Oleg Khorzhan!". cprf.ru. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Приднестровские власти арестовали всех депутатов от оппозиции". Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Лидера компартии Приднестровья приговорили к 4,5 годам тюрьмы". Regnum. 3 November 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Communists field female candidate for 2006 presidential election". Retrieved 30 September 2018.

External linksEdit