Presidential Emergency Operations Center

The Presidential Emergency Operations Center (PEOC) is a bunker-like structure underneath the East Wing of the White House that serves as a secure shelter and communications center for the President of the United States and other protectees in case of an emergency.

Presidential Emergency Operations Center
After addressing the nation, President George W. Bush meets with his National Security Council.jpg
After addressing the nation on the September 11 attacks, President George W. Bush meets with the National Security Council in the Presidential Emergency Operations Center
BuildingThe White House's East Wing
LocationWashington, D.C.
CountryUnited States of America
Coordinates38°53′51″N 77°02′15″W / 38.897600°N 77.03739°W / 38.897600; -77.03739Coordinates: 38°53′51″N 77°02′15″W / 38.897600°N 77.03739°W / 38.897600; -77.03739

HistoryEdit

 
U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney and wife Lynne Cheney in the Presidential Emergency Operations Center following the September 11 attacks.

The first White House bunker was constructed during World War II to protect President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the event of an aerial attack on Washington. The modern PEOC space has modern communications equipment including televisions and phones to coordinate with outside government entities. During a breach of White House security, to include the Washington, D.C. Air Defense Identification Zone (P-56 airspace) violations, the President and other protectees will be relocated to the executive briefing room, next to the PEOC. Day to day, the PEOC is manned around the clock by joint-service military officers and non-commissioned officers.[citation needed]

September 11, 2001Edit

During the September 11 attacks, Vice President Dick Cheney, Lynne Cheney, Condoleezza Rice, Norman Mineta, Mary Matalin, Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Joshua Bolten, Karen Hughes, Stephen Hadley, David Addington, Secret Service agents and other staff, including a U.S. Army major who was a White House Fellow, were evacuated from their offices in the White House to the PEOC. President Bush was in Florida at the time of the attacks.[1]

In popular cultureEdit

Dramatized versions of the PEOC were featured in the 2009 film G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra, the 2010 film Salt, the 2013 films Olympus Has Fallen and White House Down, the 2014 film X-Men: Days of Future Past, the 2018 film Vice, and seasons two, four, six, and seven of the TV series 24, as well as the TV series Scandal, House of Cards, and Designated Survivor.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Clarke, Richard A. (2004). Against All Enemies. New York: Free Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-7432-6024-4.

External linksEdit