Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS
The Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) advises the White House and the Secretary of Health and Human Services on the US government's response to the AIDS epidemic. The commission was formed by President Bill Clinton in 1995 and each president since has renewed the Council's charter. Previously, all ten existing members of the Council were dismissed by President Donald Trump on 28 December 2017, following the resignation of six members in June 2017 in protest at Trump's health policies. A December 7, 2018 notice in the Federal Register announced the PACHA was scheduled to meet March 14–15, 2019.
|Formed||July 27, 1995|
The Council was not the first Presidential inquiry into HIV. In 1987, Ronald Reagan appointed the President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic (1987–88) to investigate the AIDS epidemic. This was followed by the National Commission on AIDS (1989-1993).
On Dec. 11, 2018 Secretary Alex Azar of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services nominated Carl Schmid and John Weisman to serve as PACHA co-chairs  when the council is scheduled to reconvene on March 14–15, 2019. Schmid is deputy executive director of The AIDS Institute, and a longtime leader and activist on HIV issues. Weisman is the secretary of health for Washington state and past president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officers. HIV.gov (a website run by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services) lists two PACHA staff: B. Kaye Hayes, MPA, Executive Director, and Caroline Talev, MPA, Public Health Analyst. The page indicates that it was last updated on 28 December 2017.
The currents PACHA members are:
|Office||Image||Incumbent||Career and notes||In office|
|Co-Chair||John Wiesman||Washington State Secretary of Health||2018–present|
|Co-Chair||Carl Schmid||Deputy Director at the AIDS Institute||2018–present|
|Member||Michael Saag||Director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Center for AIDS Research||2019–present|
|Member||Robert A. Schwartz||Professor and Head of Dermatology at Rutgers University||2019–present|
|Member||Marc Meachem||Head of External Affairs at ViiV Healthcare||2019–present|
|Member||Gregg Alton||Chief Patient Officer at Gilead Sciences||2019–present|
|Member||Ada Stewart||Lead Provider at Eau Claire Cooperative Health Centers||2019–present|
|Member||Wendy Holman||Chief Executive Officer at Ridgeback Biotherapeutics||2019–present|
|Member||Rafaelé Roberto Narváez||Director of Health Programs at Latinos Salud||2019–present|
- Bruce G. Weniger, MD, MPH (original PACHA member 1995-2000) [formal self-introduction 1995-07-27, as archived at Clinton Presidential Library]
- Nancy Mahon JD, PACHA Chairperson - Senior Vice President, M.A.C Cosmetics; Global Executive Director, Mac AIDS Fund
- David Holtgrave PhD, PACHA Vice-Chair - Professor and Chair, Department of Health, Behavior and Society; Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland
- Ada Adimora MD MPH - Professor, School of Medicine, Professor of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- Jeffrey S. Akman MD - Vice President for Health Affairs, George Washington University; Dean, George Washington School of Medicine and Health Sciences
- Oliver Clyde Allen III - Presiding Bishop, United Progressive Pentecostal Fellowship of Churches, Atlanta, Georgia
- Lucy A. Bradley-Springer PhD RN ACRN FAAN - Editor, Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, Associate Pressor Emerita, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado
- Gina M. Brown MSW - Planning Council Co-ordinator, New Orleans Regional AIDS Planning Council
- Ulysses W. Burley III MD MPH - Program Director, Evangelical Lutheran Church, Chicago, Illinois
- Nicholas A. Carlisle JD - Executives Director, Southern AIDS Coalition
- Vignetta Charles PhD - Chief Science Officer, ETR Associates
- Cecilia Chung - Senior Strategist, Transgender Law Center
- William H. Collier - Head North America, VIIV Healthcare, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina
- Michelle Collins-Ogle MD FAAP AAHIVS - Director, Infectious Diseases, Warren-Vance Community Health Center Inc., Henderson, North Carolina
- Yvette Flunder D. Min. - Founder and Senior Pastor, City of Refuge United Church of Christ, Presiding Bishop, The Fellowship of Affirming Ministries, Oakland, California
- Grissel Granados MSW - Project Coordinator, Children's Hospital Los Angeles
- Jen Kates PhD - Chac Liaison, Director of Global, Health and HIV Policy
- Gabriel Maldonado MBA - Executive Director and CEO, Truevolution, Riverside, California
- Ligia Peralta MD FAAP FSAHM AAHIVS - President and CEO, Casa Ruben Foundation, Commissioner, Maryland Health Care Commission
- Harlan Pruden - Two-Spirit Community Organizer, Vancouver, Canada
- Scott A. Schoettes JD - HIV Project Director/Senior Attorney, Lambda Legal, Chicago, Illinois
- Lawrence Stallworth II - Project Assistant and HIV Prevention Specialist, Abounding Prosperity Inc.
- Elizabeth Styffe RN MN - Director, HIV/AIDS Ad Orphan Care Initiatives, Saddleback Valley Community Church
- Mildred Williamson PhD MSW - Director, Research and Regulatory Affairs, Cook County Health and Hospitals System, Chicago, Illinois
- Thomas A. Coburn, M.D., former co-chair - an obstetrician and former Republican congressman from Oklahoma who gained a national reputation for his opposition to safer sex as a way to prevent HIV infections. Dr. Coburn is currently serving as the Junior Senator from Oklahoma.
- Louis Wade Sullivan, M.D., former co-chair - President's Office, Morehouse School of Medicine, Sullivan was the Secretary of Health and Human Services during the George H. W. Bush administration
- Rosa M. Biaggi, M.P.H., M.P.A – Connecticut Department of Public Health
- Charles W. Blackwell – Served as the Council's only Native American member from 1997 to 2001.
- Jacqueline S. Clements – Lincoln Community Health Center. Clements is an HIV testing counselor in rural North Carolina who is living with HIV and lost her husband and child to AIDS.
- Mildred Freeman – Director, Health Education Division, National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education
- John F. Galbraith – President and CEO, Catholic Medical Mission Board
- Edward C. Green, Ph.D. – Senior Research Scientist, Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies
- David Greer – A marketing and communications consultant in Philadelphia. He is living with HIV.
- Cheryl-Anne Hall
- Jane Hu, Ph.D. – CEO & Founder, China Foundation, a philanthropic think tank
- Karen Ivantic-Doucette, M.S.N, FNP, ACRN – Marquette University College of Nursing
- Rashida Jolley
- Franklyn N. Judson, M.D. – Professor and Director, Denver Public Health Department
- Abner Mason – Executive Director, AIDS Responsibility Project
- Sandra S. McDonald – President/Founder, OUTREACH, Inc
- Joe S. McIlhaney, M.D.
- Henry McKinnell, Jr., Ph.D. – Chairman & CEO Pfizer Inc
- Brent Tucker Minor – Co-chair of the Ryan White Planning Council. He is living with HIV.
- Jose A. Montero, M.D. – Associate Professor of Medicine, University of South Florida
- Dandrick Moton – Director, Community and Youth Relations, Choosing to Excel
- Beny Primm, MD – The Addiction Research and Treatment Corp.
- David Reznik, D.D.S. – Chief, Dental Service, Grady Health System. Reznik is an expert in oral health care for people living with HIV, and serves on the Ryan White Planning Council of Metropolitan Atlanta.
- Debbie Rock – Executive Director, Baltimore Pediatric HIV Program, Inc
- Reverend Edwin Sanders II – Senior Servant, Metropolitan Interdenominational Church
- Prem Sharma, D.D.S., M.S. – Associate Dean Emeritus, Marquette School of Dentistry
- Lisa Mai Shoemaker – HIV/AIDS Activist/Motivational Speaker
- Anita Smith – Children's AIDS Fund
- Don Sneed – Executive Director, Renaissance III, a non-profit organization providing AIDS-related services in south Texas. Sneed is a former addict, and is living with HIV.
- M. Monica Sweeney, M.D., M.P.H. – Assistant Clinical Professor of Preventive Medicine, SUNY Health Science Center of Brooklyn
- Ram Yogev, MD – Professor of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Medical School and Medical Director, Pediatric and Maternal HIV Infection, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
- Bob Bollinger MD, MPH-Professor of Infectious Diseases and International Health Johns Hopkins University
This section needs to be updated.April 2016)(
Critics have said they lack confidence in PACHA and note that the Council as reorganized under President Bush held only two meetings in 2002 and issued only five recommendations to the White House. By comparison, the President's Commission on the HIV Epidemic (Watkins Commission) submitted 597 recommendations to the Reagan Administration.
The Union of Concerned Scientists released a report in February 2004 entitled Scientific Integrity in Policymaking that said that President Bush intentionally appointed under-qualified individuals to PACHA as part of a broader effort to manipulate the government's scientific advisory system by providing the appearance of expert advice while controlling the advice given.
Critics pointed to the appointment of Dr. Joseph McIlhaney, a Texas-based doctor known for rejecting the use of condoms to prevent the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and for his advocacy of abstinence-only programs despite negligible evidence that they reduce pregnancy rates among young people.
Six members of the committee resigned in June 2017, citing as the reason that the president, "has no strategy to address the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic, seeks zero input from experts to formulate HIV policy, and—most concerning—pushes legislation that will harm people living with HIV and halt or reverse important gains made in the fight against this disease". In December 2017 Trump dismissed all the remaining 16 members. Gabriel Maldonado, a former member of PACHA, said in a Washington Post article "Like any administration, they want their own people there," identifying "ideological and philosophical differences" and that many of the remaining members, including her, were appointed by former President Barack Obama. "I was co-chair of the disparities committee," Maldonado added, "so much of my advocacy and policy references surrounded vulnerable populations, addressing issuing of diverse communities, specifically looking at the impacts of the LGBT community, namely, the disproportionate impact of HIV and AIDS to people of color, gay men, transgender women...and a lot of those key vulnerable populations are not being prioritized in this administration." Newsweek stated that there were fears that "the charter for PACHA will be re-written with renewed focus on abstinence and religious, non-evidence based public health approaches." 
- "CHARTER : PRESIDENTIAL ADVISORY COUNCIL ON HIVIAIDS" (PDF). Files.hiv.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "Trump administration fires all members of HIV/AIDS advisory council". The Washington Post. 29 December 2017.
- "Meeting of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS". Federal Register. 2018-12-07. Retrieved 2018-12-19.
- "HHS Secretary Azar's Remarks to the National Ryan White Conference on HIV Care and Treatment". HIV.gov. December 12, 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "Meeting of the Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS". Federal Register. 7 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- "Who We Are - The AIDS Institute". Theaidsinstitute.org. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "Secretary of Health: Washington State Department of Health". Doh.wa.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "PACHA Members & Staff". HIV.gov. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
- Johnson, Chris (14 March 2019). "Trump restaffs AIDS council 15 months after firing all members". Washington Blade. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "Chickasaw Nation Ambassador Charles W. Blackwell – a Man of Vision". KXII. 2013-01-04. Archived from the original on 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
- "'This Man Is a Monster': Trump Under Fire for Dismissing Entire HIV/AIDS Council by FedEx Letter". Common Dreams. Retrieved 8 March 2019.