Premananda Dutta

Premananda Dutta was a Bengali revolutionary and activist of Indian freedom struggle attached with Chittagong Rebellion against the British Government in India.[1]

Premananda Dutta
Cittagong, British India
Ranchi, India
NationalityBritish Indian
OccupationPort Preventive Officer, Chittagong Port
Known forIndian Freedom Struggle
ParentHarish Chandra Dutta (father)

Early lifeEdit

Dutta was born in Chittagong (Chattagram) in British India presently in Bangladesh. His father Harish Chandra Dutta was an Acharya of Brahmo Samaj. After passing from Chittagong College he joined in the post of Port Preventive Officer in Port of Chittagong. In the call of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das he left the job and took part in Non-cooperation movement subsequently became imprisoned for this. Dutta also took active part in the strike of Assam Bengal Railway in support of the movement of tea garden labours against British atrocities. For such nationalist political activities he went to the jail several times. In 1923, Dutta along with some youth fellows made a gymnasium and club in Chittagong town which was actually the secret den of freedom fighters.[2][1]

Revolutionary activitiesEdit

In 1930 he attracted to the line armed revolution led by Masterda Surya Sen in Chittagong region. Since Dutta was a school friend of veteran activist Ananta Singh he joined in revolutionary action group with Singh's guidance. Mainly he took charge to keep the arms, bomb in safe custody hiding from the eye of police intelligence. In the meanwhile one sub-inspector of Intelligence Branch, Prafulla Chakrabarty caught Ananta Singha and causes repeated disturbance of the works of revolutionary group. Dutta with intention to take revenge, befriended with Prafulla and on 24 May 1924 he met that inspector in Chittagong Paltan Field and killed him by a Revolver.[3]


Before death the sub inspector was able to give a Dying declaration to local influential person named Roy Bahadur Satish Roy. But at the time of trial in the court Barrister Jatindra Mohan Sengupta defended the case on behalf of the accused Dutta. While cross examination the Defense counsel established that Dutta was not guilty at all, in the Appeal case of Calcutta High Court he became released also.[4]


Dutta was again arrested in No. 1 Bengal Ordinance Act and sent behind the bar. In prison life he was attacked by mental and psychological disorder due to the negligence, torture by the jail authority. For treatment the government sent him Ranchi.


  1. ^ a b 1st Part, Subodhchandra Sengupta & Anjali Basu (2002). Sansad Bangali Charitavidhan (Bengali). Kolkata: Sahitya Sansad. p. 320. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.
  2. ^ Ananta Singha (1968). Agnigarbha Chattagram (Part I). Kolkata: Vidyadoy Library Private Limited. p. 184.
  3. ^ Manasi Bhattacharya. Chittagong Summer 1930. HarperCollins publishers. pp. Timeline.
  4. ^ 1st Part, Ananta Singha (1968). Agnigarbha Chattagram (Bengali). Kolkata: Bidyoday Library Pvt. Ltd. pp. 215, 216.