Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T

The Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T Twin-Pac is a turboshaft engine designed for helicopters. Manufactured by Pratt & Whitney Canada, its first application was in the Bell 212 and UH-1N Twin Huey helicopter family. The PT6T Twin-Pac consists of two PT6A power turbines driving a common output reduction gearbox, producing up to 2,000 hp at 6,000 rpm. The engine is designated T400 by the U.S. military.

PT6T Twin-Pac
PT6T-3B as installed in a Bell 412 helicopter
Type Turboshaft
National origin Canada
Manufacturer Pratt & Whitney Canada
Major applications Bell AH-1 SeaCobra
Bell 212
Bell 412
Sikorsky S-58T
Developed from Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6



The U.S. military came very close to not procuring the UH-1N Twin Huey because of the PT6T.[1] The purchase of the aircraft for U.S. military use was opposed by the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee at the time, Mendel Rivers. Rivers took this position because the PT6T was produced in Canada. The Canadian government had not supported U.S. involvement in Vietnam, and had opposed U.S. policies in southeast Asia, as well as accepting U.S. draft dodgers. Rivers was also concerned that procurement of the engines would result in a negative trade deficit situation with Canada. Congress only approved the purchase when it was assured that a U.S. source would be found for the PT6T engines. This source was Pratt & Whitney Engine Services in Bridgeport, West Virginia, which was established in 1971 to assemble and test new T400-WV-402 engines. As a result, the U.S. military ordered 294 Bell 212s under the designation UH-1N, with deliveries commencing in 1970.[1]


Foreign object damage (FOD) deflection screen on a Bell 412's PT6T
Basic production model
Same as the PT6T-3 but with aluminum (instead of magnesium) gearbox casting, No longer used.
Same as the PT6T-3, except for the single power section contingency ratings and has PT6T-6 compressor turbine components.
Same as the PT6T-3B with the removal of the torque sharing function in the torque control and is a PT6T-3BE gearbox fitted with two PT6T-3B power sections.
Similar to the PT6T-3B, except 30-minute one engine inoperative (OEI) rating is equivalent to the 2½ minute OEI rating.
Similar to the PT6T-3BE, except 30 minute OEI rating is equivalent to the 2½ minute OEI rating.
Same as the PT6T-3B, except for improved hot section hardware to allow for increased ratings.
Same as the PT6T-3D, except the continuous OEI rating is replaced by a 30 minutes rating.
Same as the PT6T-3DE, except for improved hot section hardware to allow for increased ratings.
Same as the PT6T-3, except for the 2½ min rating and higher ratings and improved engine parts.
Same as the PT6T-6 with the removal of the torque sharing function in the torque control and is a PT6T-6B gearbox with two PT6T-6 power sections.
Similar to the PT6T-3DF, except for an improved hot section and it is equipped with an engine electronic control system.
Military PT6T-3
Military variant used on the VH-1N variant of the UH-1N.
Military PT6T-6, assembled by Pratt & Whitney Engine Services, Inc. in West Virginia





Data from Aircraft engines of the World 1970[2]

General characteristics

  • Type: Coupled Turboshaft engine
  • Length: 65.3 in (1,660 mm)
  • Width: 44.4 in (1,130 mm)
  • Height: 31.6 in (800 mm)
  • Frontal area: 2.3 sq ft (0.21 m2)
  • Diameter: 19 in (480 mm) (each gas generator)
  • Dry weight: 617 lb (280 kg)


  • Compressor: 3-stage axial and 1-stage centrifugal (each gas generator)
  • Combustors: Reverse flow annular combustor
  • Turbine: 1-stage gas generator turbine + 1-stage free-power turbine (each gas generator)
  • Fuel type: Aviation Kerosene, such as Jet A-1, JP-4 or JP-5
  • Oil system: Pressure spray at 80 psi (5.5 bar) with return


  • Maximum power output:
  • Take-off power: 1,800 shp (1,300 kW) at 33,000 free-power turbine rpm: flat-rated to 1,290 shp (960 kW)
  • Maximum continuous power: 1,600 shp (1,200 kW) at 33,000 free-power turbine rpm: flat-rated to 1,135 shp (846 kW)

See also


Related development

Comparable engines

Related lists


  1. ^ a b Drendel, Lou: Huey, pages 14-17. Squadron/Signal Publications, Carrollton, Texas, 1983. ISBN 0-89747-145-8
  2. ^ Wilkinson, Paul H. (1970). Aircraft engines of the World 1970 (21st ed.). Washington D.C.: Paul H. Wilkinson. p. 166.