Prasterone enanthate, also known as dehydroepiandrosterone enanthate (DHEA-E) and sold in combination with estradiol valerate under the brand name Gynodian Depot among others, is a weak androgen, estrogen, and neurosteroid medication which is used as a component of menopausal hormone therapy to treat menopausal symptoms in women. It is available only as an injectable preparation in combination with estradiol valerate. The medication is given by injection into muscle typically once ever 4 weeks.
|Trade names||With estradiol valerate: Gynodian Depot, others|
|Other names||DHEA enanthate; Prasterone heptanoate; DHEA heptanoate; DHEA-E; EDHEA; SH-90300-D; SH-70833-D (with EV); Androst-5-en-3β-ol-17-one 3β-heptanoate|
|Drug class||Androgen; Anabolic steroid; Androgen ester; Estrogen; Neurosteroid|
|Metabolites||• Prasterone (DHEA)|
|Elimination half-life||IM: 9 days|
IV: 44 minutes
|Duration of action||18 days|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||400.603 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Prasterone enanthate is a synthetic androgen, estrogen, and neurosteroid. It is a steroid ester and a long-lasting prodrug of prasterone (dehydroepiandrosterone; DHEA) in the body. Prasterone is a naturally occurring prohormone of androgens and estrogens and hence is an agonist of the androgen and estrogen receptors, the respective biological targets of androgens like testosterone and estrogens like estradiol. Prasterone also has a variety of activities of its own, including neurosteroid and other activities. An injection of prasterone enanthate has a duration of action in terms of elevated prasterone levels of about 18 days.
The combination of estradiol valerate and prasterone enanthate was developed as early as 1966 and was introduced for medical use in 1975. The formulation is marketed widely throughout Europe, and is also available in several Latin American countries and in Egypt. It is not available in any predominantly English-speaking countries.
The combination of estradiol valerate and prasterone enanthate is used in menopausal hormone therapy to treat menopausal symptoms in peri- and postmenopausal women. Estradiol valerate serves as an estrogen in the preparation, while prasterone enanthate is intended to serve as a weak androgen. It is thought that the inclusion of prasterone enanthate in the formulation may provide additional psychotropic benefits.
|Route||Medication||Major brand names||Form||Dosage|
|Oral||Testosterone undecanoate||Andriol, Jatenzo||Capsule||40–80 mg 1x/1–2 days|
|Methyltestosterone||Metandren, Estratest||Tablet||0.5–10 mg/day|
|Fluoxymesterone||Halotestin||Tablet||1–2.5 mg 1x/1–2 days|
|Prasterone (DHEA)b||–||Tablet||25–100 mg/day|
|AndroGel||Gel, cream||1–10 mg/day|
|Vaginal||Prasterone (DHEA)||Intrarosa||Insert||6.5 mg/day|
|Injection||Testosterone propionatea||Testoviron||Oil solution||25 mg 1x/1–2 weeks|
|Testosterone enanthate||Delatestryl, Primodian Depot||Oil solution||25–100 mg 1x/4–6 weeks|
|Testosterone cypionate||Depo-Testosterone, Depo-Testadiol||Oil solution||25–100 mg 1x/4–6 weeks|
|Testosterone isobutyratea||Femandren M, Folivirin||Aqueous suspension||25–50 mg 1x/4–6 weeks|
|Mixed testosterone esters||Climacterona||Oil solution||150 mg 1x/4–8 weeks|
|Omnadren, Sustanon||Oil solution||50–100 mg 1x/4–6 weeks|
|Nandrolone decanoate||Deca-Durabolin||Oil solution||25–50 mg 1x/6–12 weeks|
|Prasterone enanthatea||Gynodian Depot||Oil solution||200 mg 1x/4–6 weeks|
|Implant||Testosterone||Testopel||Pellet||50–100 mg 1x/3–6 months|
|Notes: Premenopausal women produce about 230 ± 70 μg testosterone per day (6.4 ± 2.0 mg testosterone per 4 weeks), with a range of 130 to 330 μg per day (3.6–9.2 mg per 4 weeks). Footnotes: a = Mostly discontinued or unavailable. b = Over-the-counter. c = Compounded. Sources: See template.|
Prasterone enanthate, in combination with estradiol valerate at the dosages used clinically, has no masculinizing side effects. This is in contrast to combinations of estrogens with other androgens, such as testosterone esters.
Prasterone enanthate is a prodrug of prasterone in the body. It is completely hydrolyzed into prasterone and heptanoic acid (enanthic acid) following absorption from the tissue depot after intramuscular injection.
Levels of DHEA peak at about 9 ng/mL within 1 to 4 days of an injection of prasterone enanthate. Subsequently, DHEA levels return to baseline by about 18 days following the injection. Prasterone enanthate has an elimination half-life of about 9 days. The plasma half-life of DHEA/prasterone enanthate following an intravenous injection is about 44 minutes. The half-lives of DHEA metabolites range up to 3.6 days.
Within 30 days, 91% of a dose of prasterone enanthate is eliminated. Approximatley 94% is excreted in urine and 6% in feces. Prasterone enanthate is eliminated mainly in the form of metabolites and conjugates.
Prasterone enanthate, also known as 5-dehydroepiandrosterone 3β-enanthate or as androst-5-en-3β-ol-17-one 3β-heptanoate, is a synthetic androstane steroid and the C3β heptanoate (enanthate) ester of prasterone (5-dehydroepiandrosterone).
Prasterone enanthate was patented by Schering in 1968 and 1971. The combination of estradiol valerate and prasterone enanthate was developed and marketed by Schering, was first tested clinically as early as 1966, was first described in the scientific literature in 1972, and was first introduced for medical use in April 1975.
Society and cultureEdit
The major brand name of the combination of estradiol valerate and prasterone enanthate is Gynodian Depot. Other brand names of this formulation include Binodian Depot, Cidodian Depot, Klimax, and Supligol NF.
The combination of estradiol valerate and prasterone enanthate is marketed widely throughout Europe, and is also available in several Latin American countries and in Egypt. In Europe, it is available in Austria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, Spain, and Switzerland. In Latin America, it is available in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, and Venezuela. The medication is not available in any predominantly English-speaking countries, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, or South Africa.
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A new hormone combination for menopausal complaints. Since the treatment of menopausal complaints with estrogens as well as with the combination of estrogens and androgens causes undesired side effects such as bleeding, mammary changes and masculinisation, dehydroepiandrosteron (DHEA), a precursor of testosteron, has been synthesised, which has only a low conversion rate to free testosteron and no masculinising effect. The substance has been tested in combination with estrogen (200 mg DHEA-enanthate and 4 mg estradiolvalerianate per 1 ml) in 266 women with menopausal complaints. The duration of treatment has been up to 6 years with an injection interval of 3 to 8 weeks. The therapeutic results were as good as with estrogen-androgen-combinations, but there was no masculinising effect. Changes of voice, hair and libido caused by pretreatment partly disappeared. Side effects [such] as acne, mastodynia, and sensation of repletion were of transitory nature. This preparation seems to be a true alternative to the traditional estrogen-androgen-combinations.
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A trial of estradiol valerianate-dehydroandrosterone oenantate (Gynodian-Depot) was conducted in 68 post-menopausal women. The treatment exerted a very favorable influence on the typical subjective disorders of the climacteric and on the atrophic alterations of the target organs. Owing to its estrogenic and dehydroepiandrosterone components, the compound also exerts a favorable psychotropic effect. It was tolerated well and caused no side effects of any significance.
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