Prague Zoological Garden (Czech: Zoologická zahrada hl. m. Prahy) is a zoo in Prague, Czech Republic. It was opened in 1931 with the goal to "advance the study of zoology, protect wildlife, and educate the public" in the district of Troja in the north of Prague. In 2013, the zoo occupied 58 hectares (140 acres) with 50 hectares (120 acres) in use for exhibits, and housed around 5,000 animals from just 676 species, including 132 species listed as threatened.
The main entrance
|Date opened||September 28, 1931|
|Location||U Trojského zámku 3/120, Troja, Prague 7, Prague, 17100, Czech Republic|
|Land area||58 hectares (140 acres)|
|No. of animals||5049 (December 2018)|
|No. of species||676 (December 2018)|
|Memberships||EAZA, WAZA, IZEA|
The idea for a zoological garden in Prague was first proposed in 1881 in a newspaper article by Count Sweerts-Spork, on the occasion of the marriage of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and Princess Stéphanie of Belgium.
In 1919, at a meeting of the advisory board for mathematics and natural sciences at the Ministry of Education and National Enlightenment, a committee was established to start the preparatory work on the establishment of the zoo. The zoo was opened to the public on 28 September 1931.
In 1938, the first artificially bred Andean condor in the world was hatched and reared, and the first artificially bred polar bear, a female named Ilun, followed in 1942. In 1959 Dr. Zdeněk Veselovský was appointed as director of the zoo. Under his leadership, the zoo achieved some world-class successes in the area of breeding and scientific research.
In 2001 the first artificial breeding of a Przewalski's Horse in the world took place at the zoo.
In 2002 Prague suffered the worst floods in its history. A large part of the zoo was flooded and 134 animals died. Well known is the story of Gaston, a sea lion, which the Vltava and Elbe rivers took to Germany, where Gaston died of total exhaustion. However, thanks to a big wave of solidarity and donations, Prague Zoo greatly flourished in the next decade.
In 2004 the country's largest and most expensive animal pavilion, named the "Indonesian Jungle", was opened, and the first Western gorilla was born in Czech Republic, named Moja. This was followed in 2007 by the first breeding of a Komodo dragon in Prague Zoo. In 2009 a new exhibition for brown fur seals was opened, with an enlarged swimming pool and a grandstand. The following year saw a Texas tortoise bred in Europe for the first time.
In 2011 Moja, a western gorilla famous from the multimedia project The Revealed, was moved to Cabarceno Natural Park in Spain. Four Przewalski's horses were transported to Mongolia to be released into the wild as part of Return of the Wild Horses reintroduction and in situ conservation project.
In 2012 the zoo saw its highest number of babies born, numbering 1,557 from 211 species, including the world's first breeding of the crowned river turtle and the rufous-cheeked laughingthrush, as well as Prague Zoo's first breeding of the red panda. In 2013 a large new Elephant Valley pavilion was introduced and the first elephant was born in Prague Zoo, named Sita. The zoo was flooded in June the same year for a second time, but most animals were evacuated in time.
- "History of the Zoo". www.zoopraha.cz. Prague Zoo. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- The Zoo in Numbers
- "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". eaza.net. EAZA. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". waza.org. WAZA. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "Mapa Zoo Praha". www.zoopraha.cz. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
- "6 hours Troja Chateau and Prague Zoo Private Tour by boat in Prague, Czech Republic". Lonely Planet.
- "Best Zoos - the World - TripAdvisor Travelers' Choice Awards". Tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Povodně 2002: Záplavy nepřežilo 134 zvířat z pražské zoo". iDNES.cz. 16 August 2012.
- Komodo Dragons Thrive in Prague Zoo
- "Baby elephant born in Prague Zoo". www.zoopraha.cz. Prague Zoo. 11 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Novinky.cz - Zoo Praha ukáže největšího velemloka v Evropě
- "Po 13 letech čekání patří Zoo Praha mezi tři unikátní zahrady na světě". National Geographic Česko.