Provincial Assembly (Nepal)
According to Article 176 of the Constitution of Nepal 2015, following the dissolution of the provincial assembly all the members forming the Provincial Assembly are elected. The term for the Provincial Assembly is five years, except when dissolved earlier.
Candidates for each constituency are chosen by the political parties or stand as independents. Each constituency elects one member under the first past the post system of election. Since Nepal uses a parallel voting system, voters cast another ballot to elect members through the party-list proportional representation. The current constitution specifies that sixty percent of the members should be elected from the first past the post system and forty percent through the party-list proportional representation system. Women should account for one third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.
A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. If a party has no outright majority, parties can seek to form coalitions.
The first provincial assembly elections in Nepal was held in two phase on 26 November 2017 and on 7 December 2017.
There are 550 provincial seats in all of 7 provinces of Nepal. In which 330 (60%) of Provincial seats will be elected through first past the post and 220 (40%) of seats will be elected through proportional representation.
List of provincial assembliesEdit
|Pradesh Sabha (Provincial Assembly)||FPTP Seats||PR Seats||Total seats||Location/provincial capital||Governing party|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 1||56||37||93||Biratnagar||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2||64||43||107||Janakpur||Samajbadi Party, Nepal|
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3||66||44||110||Hetauda||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Gandaki||36||24||60||Pokhara Lekhnath||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5||52||35||87||Butwal||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Karnali||24||16||40||Birendranagar||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim||32||21||53||Godawari||Nepal Communist Party|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 1||66||21||3||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||1||1||93|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2||32||19||29||25||0||0||0||0||0||1||0||1||107|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3||81||21||1||0||1||3||1||0||2||0||0||0||110|
|Provincial Assembly of Gandaki||39||15||2||0||0||0||0||3||0||0||0||1||60|
|Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5||61||19||5||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||87|
|Provincial Assembly of Karnali||32||6||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||40|
|Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim||39||12||0||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||53|
Province No. 1 Provincial AssemblyEdit
As per the Constituency Delimitation Commission report, Province No. 1 has 56 provincial seats under the FPtP (First-Past-the-Post) spread in 14 districts.
Province No. 2 Provincial AssemblyEdit
Province No. 3 Provincial AssemblyEdit
Province No. 3 has 66 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.
Gandaki Provincial AssemblyEdit
Gandaki Pradesh has 36 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.
Province No. 5 Provincial AssemblyEdit
Province No. 5 has 52 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.
Karnali Provincial AssemblyEdit
Karnali Pradesh has 24 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.
|Western Rukum District||2|
Sudurpashchim Provincial AssemblyEdit
Sudurpschim has 32 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.
First provincial assembly electionEdit
The first provincial legislative assembly elections in Nepal were held on 26 November and 7 December 2017.
- "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature". Kanptipur Media Group. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
Provincial parliaments will be unicameral. "The CA also approved a mixed electoral system for parliamentary election with 60 percent directly elected and 40 percent proportionally elected."
- "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system". scoop.co.nz. Scoop world. 16 October 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Election programme announced for HoR and Provincial Assembly". corporatenepal.com. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
- "Infra for provincial assemblies: Govt preparation far from satisfactory". Kantipur Media Group. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
There will be 550 members in all seven provinces after the elections, with Province 3 having the highest number of members (110). Province 7 will have the lowest number of members of 53.
- "EDITORIAL: Important step". The Himalayan Times. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
प्रदेश ७ : नाम सुदूरपश्चिम राजधानी गोदावरी