This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (March 2020)
In political sociology, but also operative within the rest of the animal kingdom, a power structure is a hierarchy of competence or aggression (might) predicated on influence between an individual and other entities in a group. A power structure focuses on the way power and authority is related between people within groups such as a government, nation, institution, organization, or a society. Such structures are of interest to various fields, including sociology, government, economics, and business. Power structures can be formally organized, such as a military or a church. Conversely, a power structure may be an informal set of roles, such as those found in a dominance hierarchy in which members of a social group interact, often aggressively, to create a ranking system. A culture that is organized in a dominance hierarchy is a dominator culture, the opposite of an egalitarian culture of partnership. A visible, dominant group or elite that holds power or authority within a power structure is often referred to as being the Establishment. Power structures are fluid, with changes occurring constantly, either slowly or rapidly, evolving or revolutionary, peacefully or violently.
- Authoritarianism, in which citizens are expected to devote absolute obedience to authority and are typically allowed little to no freedoms, as in Communist (Marxist-Leninist) states for example.
- Biopower, nation states' regulation of their subjects through a multitude of techniques for subjugating bodies and controlling populations
- Elite theory
- Online participation
- Plutocracy, an institution ruled and dominated by a small minority of the wealthiest members
- ^ G. William Domhoff, Thomas R. Dye, Power Elites and Organizations (1987), p. 9.
- ^ Halvorson, Angela (2010). Understanding the Military: The Institution, the Culture, and the People. SAMHSA. pp. 1–2.
- ^ Giangravé, Claire (2021-09-02). "Pope Francis is preparing a radical reform of the church's power structures". Religion News Service. Retrieved 2023-04-17.