Poway synagogue shooting
The Poway synagogue shooting occurred on April 27, 2019, when a gunman armed with an AR-15 style rifle fired shots inside the Chabad of Poway synagogue in Poway, California, a city approximately 20 miles (32 km) north of San Diego. The attack took place on the last day of the Jewish Passover holiday, which fell on a Shabbat. One woman was killed and three other people were injured, including the synagogue's rabbi. After fleeing the scene, the alleged gunman phoned 9-1-1 and reported the shooting. He was apprehended in his car approximately two miles (3.2 km) from the synagogue by a San Diego police officer.
|Poway synagogue shooting|
|Location||Chabad of Poway, Poway, California, United States|
|Date||April 27, 2019 |
11:23 a.m. (Pacific Time Zone)
|Weapon||AR-15 style rifle (Smith & Wesson M&P 15 Sport II)|
|John T. Earnest|
|Motive||Antisemitism, belief in the white genocide conspiracy theory|
At approximately 11:23 a.m. PDT, a gunman identified as 19-year-old John T. Earnest allegedly entered the Chabad of Poway synagogue on the last day of the Jewish holiday of Passover, which fell on a Shabbat. Approximately 100 people were inside the synagogue. The gunman carried a Smith & Wesson Model M&P 15 Sport II semiautomatic rifle  and was wearing a tactical vest which contained five magazines of ten rounds each. In the foyer, the gunman shot and killed 60-year-old Lori Gilbert-Kaye, and then wounded Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein, the founding rabbi of the congregation. According to witnesses, Gilbert-Kaye had tried to shield the rabbi from the gunman. The gunman then turned to a side room occupied by several people, including a number of children. He fired into the room, wounding one man with a bullet to the leg. The man's 8-year-old niece was also injured by bullet fragments that hit her face and leg. All the injured are expected to recover, although Goldstein lost his right index finger despite four hours of surgery. After the gunman fled, Goldstein spoke to the congregation despite his injury, telling them to stay strong.
The shooter fired eight to ten rounds before his rifle jammed or malfunctioned, preventing additional casualties. Two members of the congregation ran towards the shooter. The suspect then fled the synagogue, entering a Honda sedan. An off-duty United States Border Patrol who was a member of the synagogue, opened fire as the suspect escaped and hit his car multiple times, but the suspect fled uninjured.
Shortly thereafter, Earnest phoned 911 and reported the shooting. He was apprehended approximately 2 mi (3.2 km) from the synagogue by a San Diego police officer responding to the shooting. Earnest jumped out of his car with his hands up, and was taken into custody without incident. The rifle, a tactical helmet, and five loaded magazines with 50 rounds, were recovered from Earnest's car; Earnest was wearing a tactical vest when he was arrested.
The San Diego County Sheriff's Department identified the suspect as John T. Earnest (born June 8, 1999), a 19-year-old white male from the San Diego suburb of Rancho Peñasquitos. He was a 2017 graduate of Mt. Carmel High School and a nursing school student at California State University San Marcos (CSUSM). Officials said he had no previous criminal record or contacts with police, and no known connection to any white supremacist group. The shooter apparently attempted to livestream the shooting on Facebook, but failed.
In an antisemitic and racist open letter posted on 8chan shortly before the shooting and signed with Earnest's name, the author blamed Jews for the supposed "meticulously planned genocide of the European race", known as the "white genocide conspiracy theory" spread by white nationalists, and other ills. He cited shooters Brenton Harrison Tarrant of Grafton, New South Wales, Australia and Robert Bowers of Baldwin, Pennsylvania for their roles in respectively the Christchurch mosque shootings at Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre in Christchurch, New Zealand and the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting at Tree of Life - Or L'Simcha Congregation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as well as Jesus Christ, Paul the Apostle, Martin Luther, Adolf Hitler, Ludwig van Beethoven, Moon Man and Pink Guy for being the figures who inspired him to commit the Poway shooting as well as a joking mention of PewDiePie and referencing "The Day of the Rope" an event from the 1978 neo-Nazi novel The Turner Diaries in which Jews, non-whites and liberals are executed including racial slurs targeting African-Americans and Hispanics and urged more violent attacks while avoiding arrest. He condemned President Donald Trump as a pro-Zionist traitor. He also justified his actions by including Bible quotes in his manifesto. The author also claimed responsibility for a March 2019 arson attack on a mosque in Escondido, California, about 15 miles (24 km) from Poway. That arson attempt was extinguished with only minor damage to the building and no injuries; graffiti left in the parking lot made reference to the earlier Christchurch shooting.
Earnest was a member of the Escondido Orthodox Presbyterian Church, which is affiliated with the theologically traditionalist Orthodox Presbyterian Church. According to The Washington Post, the shooter's manifesto, which expressed Christian motivations for killing Jews, sparked a "lively" social media debate among Christian pastors. Rev. Duke Kwon of the Presbyterian Church in America noted that the manifesto contains "a frighteningly clear articulation of Christian theology" on certain issues such as salvation, and warned that "There’s a deep and ugly history of anti-Semitism that’s crept into the Christian church, that needs to be continuously addressed, condemned and corrected." Other ministers strongly denied that Christian theology and scripture offer any support for anti-Semitism. The Orthodox Presbyterian Church issued a statement that "[a]nti-Semitism and racist hatred which apparently motivated the shooter . . . have no place within our system of doctrine." In the alleged shooter's manifesto, he denied that he had learned anti-Semitic beliefs from his family.
On April 30, Earnest was charged in San Diego County Superior Court with one count of murder and three counts of attempted murder. All four charges included "hate-crime and gun allegations" that can incur heavier penalties upon conviction. The murder charge includes a "special circumstance" that Earnest intentionally killed his victim (Gilbert-Kaye) because of her religion, which could incur the death penalty under California law. Earnest pleaded not guilty to all the charges. A criminal complaint was also filed charging Earnest with arson of a house of worship, a reference to the March arson attempt against a mosque in Escondido. Earnest was ordered held without bail. A trial readiness hearing was scheduled for May 30 and a preliminary hearing for July 8.
On May 14, Earnest was arraigned in US District Court in San Diego on 109 federal charges: 54 counts of obstruction of free exercise of religious beliefs using a dangerous weapon resulting in death, bodily injury and attempts to kill; 54 counts of hate crimes under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act; and one count of damage to a religious property using fire for an earlier arson at Dar-ul-Arquam mosque in Escondido on March 24. Earnest is represented by a federal public defender.
- President of the United States Donald Trump offered "deepest sympathies to the families of those affected" by the shooting.
- Vice President of the United States Mike Pence stated "We condemn in the strongest terms the evil & cowardly shooting at Chabad of Poway today as Jewish families celebrated Passover. No one should be in fear in a house of worship. Antisemitism isn't just wrong - it's evil."
- Members of the Democratic Party Bernie Sanders, Kamala Harris, Joe Biden, and Eric Swalwell published statements condemning the attack.
- Governor of California Gavin Newsom responded by saying, "No one should have to fear going to their place of worship, and no one should be targeted for practicing the tenets of their faith."
- The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum released a statement which read "[M]oving forward this must serve as yet another wake-up call that antisemitism is a growing and deadly menace. All Americans must unequivocally condemn it and confront it whenever it appears."
- Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu stated "I condemn the abhorrent attack on a synagogue in California; this is an attack on the heart of the Jewish people. The international community must step up the struggle against anti-Semitism."
- President of Israel Reuven Rivlin wrote, "The murderous attack on the Jewish community during Pesach, our holiday of freedom, and just before Holocaust Memorial Day, is yet another painful reminder that anti-Semitism and hatred of Jews is still with us, everywhere. No country and no society are immune. Only through education for Holocaust remembrance and tolerance can we deal with this plague."
- At a press conference on the day after the shooting, Rabbi Yisroel Goldstein, who was injured in the shooting, called to "battle darkness with light." He suggested that the United States call for a moment of silence in public schools.
- On April 29, the parents of the suspect issued a formal statement disavowing his actions, reading in part: "To our great shame, he is now part of the history of evil that has been perpetrated on Jewish people for centuries." Their attorney noted that the family will not pay for Earnest's defense, instead leaving him to likely be represented by a public defender.
- The Orthodox Presbyterian Church issued a statement reading in part, "We deplore and resist all forms of anti-Semitism and racism. We are wounded to the core that such an evil could have gone out from our community. Such hatred has no place in any part of our beliefs or practices, for we seek to shape our whole lives according to the love and gospel of Jesus Christ." 
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John Earnest, the 19-year-old man detained in Saturday's deadly synagogue shooting in San Diego, was a student at Cal State University San Marcos, school officials said
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