Potter County, South Dakota

Potter County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,472.[1] Its county seat is Gettysburg.[2] The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1883.[3]

Potter County
Potter County Courthouse (July 2013)
Potter County Courthouse (July 2013)
Map of South Dakota highlighting Potter County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°04′N 99°57′W / 45.06°N 99.95°W / 45.06; -99.95
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1873 (created)
1883 (organized)
Named forJoel A. Potter
SeatGettysburg
Largest cityGettysburg
Area
 • Total899 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Land861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  4.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,472
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,475 Increase
 • Density2.7/sq mi (1.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

GeographyEdit

The Missouri River flows southward along the west boundary line of Potter County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture.[4] The county generally slopes to the south, although the western portion slopes into the river valley.[5] The county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (4.2%) is water.[6]

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Potter County is the westernmost of the SD counties to observe Central Time.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[4]Edit

  • Dodge Draw State Game Production Area
  • Dodge Draw State Lakeside Use Area
  • East Whitlock State Lakeside Use Area
  • Forest City State Game Production Area
  • Green Lake State Game Production Area
  • Potts Dam State Game Production Area
  • Siebrasse State Game Production Area
  • West Whitlock State Recreation Area
  • Whitlocks Bay State Game Production Area

Lakes[4]Edit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,910
19002,9882.7%
19104,46649.5%
19204,382−1.9%
19305,76231.5%
19404,614−19.9%
19504,6881.6%
19604,9265.1%
19704,449−9.7%
19803,674−17.4%
19903,190−13.2%
20002,693−15.6%
20102,329−13.5%
20202,4726.1%
2021 (est.)2,475[8]0.1%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 2,693 people, 1,145 households, and 767 families in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 1,760 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.14% White, 0.82% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,145 households, out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.

The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 3.90% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 25.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,086, and the median income for a family was $37,827. Males had a median income of $25,320 versus $16,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,417. About 8.90% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,329 people, 1,062 households, and 648 families in the county.[14] The population density was 2.7 inhabitants per square mile (1.0/km2). There were 1,500 housing units at an average density of 1.7 per square mile (0.66/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.9% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 65.3% were German, 11.1% were Irish, 8.2% were Norwegian, 8.0% were English, and 3.9% were American.[16]

Of the 1,062 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.0% were non-families, and 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.76. The median age was 50.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,422 and the median income for a family was $53,214. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $29,792 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,986. About 5.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownsEdit

Unincorporated area[4]Edit

  • Forest City

TownshipsEdit

The county has no organized townships. It is divided into three areas of unorganized territory: West Potter, Central Potter, and East Potter.

PoliticsEdit

Like most of South Dakota outside of Native American counties, Potter County has been predominantly Republican throughout most of the state's history. Only three Democrats – William Jennings Bryan, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson – have carried the county as of 2016, and since Jimmy Carter in 1976 no Democrat has passed forty percent of the county's vote.

United States presidential election results for Potter County, South Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,139 82.54% 227 16.45% 14 1.01%
2016 1,071 80.10% 215 16.08% 51 3.81%
2012 1,029 74.51% 339 24.55% 13 0.94%
2008 937 65.07% 482 33.47% 21 1.46%
2004 1,143 70.64% 463 28.62% 12 0.74%
2000 1,112 74.43% 356 23.83% 26 1.74%
1996 979 57.52% 534 31.37% 189 11.10%
1992 901 50.67% 493 27.73% 384 21.60%
1988 1,175 62.07% 701 37.03% 17 0.90%
1984 1,551 76.22% 482 23.69% 2 0.10%
1980 1,633 75.29% 436 20.10% 100 4.61%
1976 1,136 55.36% 908 44.25% 8 0.39%
1972 1,389 61.65% 858 38.08% 6 0.27%
1968 1,273 57.81% 780 35.42% 149 6.77%
1964 954 43.09% 1,260 56.91% 0 0.00%
1960 1,326 56.91% 1,004 43.09% 0 0.00%
1956 1,445 63.16% 843 36.84% 0 0.00%
1952 1,625 73.73% 579 26.27% 0 0.00%
1948 1,044 49.69% 1,039 49.45% 18 0.86%
1944 1,001 58.27% 717 41.73% 0 0.00%
1940 1,278 54.80% 1,054 45.20% 0 0.00%
1936 914 39.64% 1,338 58.02% 54 2.34%
1932 660 28.09% 1,668 70.98% 22 0.94%
1928 1,240 52.77% 1,100 46.81% 10 0.43%
1924 1,075 59.82% 283 15.75% 439 24.43%
1920 1,073 72.30% 255 17.18% 156 10.51%
1916 512 54.58% 408 43.50% 18 1.92%
1912 0 0.00% 423 46.95% 478 53.05%
1908 614 58.09% 400 37.84% 43 4.07%
1904 525 62.80% 275 32.89% 36 4.31%
1900 375 47.95% 381 48.72% 26 3.32%
1896 333 45.74% 390 53.57% 5 0.69%
1892 320 51.12% 57 9.11% 249 39.78%


See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 45°04′N 99°57′W / 45.06°N 99.95°W / 45.06; -99.95

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Potter County SD Google Maps (accessed 8 February 2019)
  5. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed February 8, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed 30 January 2019)
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.