Poseidon Linux

Poseidon Linux is Linux distribution, a complete operating system, originally based on Kurumin, now based on Ubuntu. It is developed and maintained by a team of young scientists from the Rio Grande Federal University[1] in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, and the MARUM institute in Germany.

Poseidon Linux
The logo of Poseidon linux
The Desktop under Poseidon 4
Poseidon Linux 4 showing menu
DeveloperPoseidon Linux team
OS familyUnix-like
Working stateDormant
Source modelOpen source
Latest release8.0 / Nov 2016
Kernel typeMonolithic kernel
Default user interfaceGNOME
Official websitesites.google.com/site/poseidonlinux/Home


The name Poseidon was chosen after the God of the seas in Greek mythology, since a large number of oceanologists have been involved in the development of the system.


The 3.x family was pre-presented in 2008 at the 9th Free Software International Forum (FISL9.0),[2] and received compliments from numerous users, free software enthusiasts, and the GNU/Linux community in general, including from Jon "maddog" Hall of Linux International.

Poseidon 3.2 was officially released in the IV Brazilian Oceanography Congress, that took place in May 2010 in Rio Grande, Brazil.

For version 4.0, the project changed the base distribution from Knoppix/Kurumin to Ubuntu. This was due to the wide acceptance of Poseidon outside the Portuguese-speaking scientific community, and because of the shut-down of the Kurumin project.[3] The Ubuntu-based releases allow the installation in Portuguese, Spanish, English, German, French, Greek, and other languages.

The development team stated, that after Poseidon 5.0, the distribution would focus on bathymetry, seafloor mapping, and GIS software.[4] Many of the bundled CAD and scientific programs were removed, but may be separately available for download from compatible repositories.

The current running Poseidon version is 8.0, and is based on 32-bit and 64-bit Ubuntu 16.04 LTS,[5] as the goal of the project is to offer a stable distribution, which will be updated when the special packages and the base system so require.


Throughout its release history, the distro has contained many free software programs used in science and engineering, such as the Fortran programming language, Kile and Lyx for scientific writing, numerical modeling, 2D/3D/4D visualization, statistics, CAD, genetics, bio-informatics, and several tools that support GIS and mapping.

Common day-by-day programs are also included, such as LibreOffice (with many spell-checkers), web browsers, multimedia packages, and some games.[6]

The core of Poseidon is always the Debian family due to the higher stability and greater amount of software available in repository sites. That way, users of Debian, Ubuntu, or derivative distributions would find Poseidon equally accessible. Much of the support material and tutorials would apply just the same.


Timeline [7][8]
Version Date Comment
2.0 2005-10-25
3.1 2008-11-26
3.2 2010-05-11
4.0 2011-07-27 Based on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS.
5.0 2010 Based on Ubuntu 12.04.1 LTS.
7.0 Based on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.
8.0 2016-11-23 Based on Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS.
9.0 2017-09-29 Based on Ubuntu 16.04.3 LTS.


  1. ^ http://www.furg.br/
  2. ^ http://fisl.softwarelivre.org/9.0/www/
  3. ^ http://www.guiadohardware.net/kurumin/
  4. ^ "Poseidon Linux - The Scientific GNU/Linux for Seafloor Mapping". sites.google.com. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  5. ^ https://wiki.ubuntu.com/LTS]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 15, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=poseidon
  8. ^ "Poseidon Linux - The Scientific GNU/Linux for Seafloor Mapping". sites.google.com. Retrieved July 27, 2017.

External linksEdit