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Porvenir is the capital of both the homonymous commune and the Chilean Province of Tierra del Fuego of the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region. It is one of Chile's southernmost towns, and has 4,734 inhabitants, including several thousand soldiers. It is the largest settlement in the Chilean half of the island of Tierra del Fuego.

Porvenir

Karukinka
A view of Porvenir
A view of Porvenir
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Porvenir commune in Magallanes and Antarctica Chilena Region
Map of Porvenir commune in Magallanes and Antarctica Chilena Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Porvenir
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 53°17′S 70°22′W / 53.283°S 70.367°W / -53.283; -70.367Coordinates: 53°17′S 70°22′W / 53.283°S 70.367°W / -53.283; -70.367
Country Chile
Region Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
ProvinceTierra del Fuego
Founded1899
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeMarisol Andrade Cárdenas (Christian Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total6,982.6 km2 (2,696.0 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[2]
 • Total5,907
 • Density0.85/km2 (2.2/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,734
 • Rural
731
Demonym(s)Porvenireño, -a
Sex
 • Men3,307
 • Women2,158
Time zoneUTC−3 (CLST)
Area code(s)56 + 61
ClimateCfc
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Porvenir (Spanish for "hereafter" – literally "yet to come") was founded in 1883 by immigrants from Croatia and Chiloé during a minor nineteenth century gold rush.

The main sources of income are sheep farming and small scale fishing (wrecks in Porvenir bay prevent larger vessels from mooring). In addition there is a regiment of the Chilean army and a high security prison. An abattoir operates for only short periods of the year.

Some gold deposits remain and are commercially mined. Porvenir also gives access to Cerro Sombrero, an oil town, 125 km (78 mi) east of Porvenir.

Contents

DemographicsEdit

 
San Francisco de Sales church

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Porvenir spans an area of 6,982.6 km2 (2,696 sq mi) and has 5,465 inhabitants (3,307 men and 2,158 women). Of these, 4,734 (86.6%) lived in urban areas and 731 (13.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 7.1% (361 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[2]

AdministrationEdit

As a commune, Porvenir is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2016-2020 alcaldesa is Marisol Andrade Cárdenas .[1]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Porvenir is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Juan Morano (PDC) and Gabriel Boric (Ind.) as part of the 60th electoral district, which includes the entire Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region. The commune is represented in the Senate by Carlos Bianchi Chelech (Ind.) and Carolina Goic (PDC) as part of the 19th senatorial constituency (Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region).

TourismEdit

 
Porvenir in Tierra del Fuego

Though tourism is expanding, most tourists pass Porvenir by, or use it simply as a stopover on their way farther south. There are several hotels, cyber-cafes, restaurants, and one gas station. A small grocery store is located near the Chilean army base on the upper level of the town, and there are several small stores and supermarkets elsewhere in town.

Access is by ferry or by air from Punta Arenas or by road from the Argentine side of the island. All ferries across the Straits of Magellan are run by Austral Broom, a Chilean company. One service runs once daily except Mondays from the port near Punta Arenas and reaches the ferry terminal about 3 km from the town of Porvenir. The other service is at the northern end of the island running from Punta Delgada to Bahia Azul.

It is possible to reach the south of Chilean Tierra del Fuego from Porvenir. The southern region has several lakes and rivers available for fishing.

ClimateEdit

The climate in Porvenir is a subpolar variety (Köppen: Cfc) of the oceanic climate. Temperatures in the warmest months, January and February average 10 °C while temperatures in the coolest month average 2 °C. Precipitation is low at around 376 millimetres. Also, due to its latitude, the length of the day varies tremendously across the year. Winter days can have as few as seven hours of sunlight, while summer days stretch to twenty hours. Frost occurs throughout the year, and winter temperatures can remain below freezing for relatively long periods of time. Freak snowfalls can occur even in midsummer. The highest temperature was 32.2 °C (90.0 °F) in February 2019 [3]

Climate data for Porvenir, Chile
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
10.0
(50.0)
8.6
(47.5)
6.4
(43.5)
4.0
(39.2)
2.6
(36.7)
2.3
(36.1)
2.8
(37.0)
4.3
(39.7)
6.7
(44.1)
7.9
(46.2)
9.5
(49.1)
6.3
(43.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38
(1.5)
37
(1.5)
47
(1.9)
48
(1.9)
52
(2.0)
43
(1.7)
38
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
32
(1.3)
24
(0.9)
33
(1.3)
46
(1.8)
476
(18.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Municipality of Porvenir" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  3. ^ Campos, Diego (February 8, 2019). "Un activo verano en el Cono Sur". Meteochile Blog. Dirección Meteorológica de Chile. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  4. ^ "Climate: Porvenir". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 12 April 2014.

External linksEdit