Portrane or Portraine is a small seaside settlement, one kilometre from, and merging into, the small town of Donabate in Fingal, Ireland. It lies in the Barony of Nethercross, in the historic County Dublin.
Irish: Port Reachrainn
Portrane Martello Tower
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Portrane has a 2 km (1.2 mi) long sandy beach backed by sand dunes. There is a carpark, but access to the beach is restricted to pedestrians. At the north end of the beach is a National Heritage Area which is visited by many migratory birds during the winter.
There are several notable historic buildings in Portrane including a 19th century martello tower. Other notable examples include;
St. Ita's HospitalEdit
Portrane's most prominent feature is Tower Bay, and Portrane asylum, more commonly known as St. Ita's Hospital. Built in the early 1900s, the asylum is made up of a number of Victorian red brick buildings which dominate the peninsula. Features within the main asylum building include two churches and an imposing clock tower. The building operated as a mental hospital for many years with it finally closing to inpatients in 2011 and outpatients in 2014 before being refurbished and repurposed as a modern mental health facility. Following the sale of the Central Mental Hospital in Dundrum in 2012 it was announced that it would relocate to the updated St.Ita's facility in Portrane.
In the hospital grounds is a monument to George Hampden Evans, a replica of an Irish Round Tower.
Portrane Castle (sometimes called Stella's Tower) is a 3 storey late medieval castellated tower house adjacent to St. Catherine's housing estate. Jonathan Swift's 'Stella', Esther Johnson is said to have stayed there and given the castle its unusual nickname. The inquisition of 1541 mentions the castle as being a substantial structure with associated outbuildings including a threshing house and hemp yard while the Civil Survey of 1655 describes this site as an old castle with a thatched hall adjoining owned by the parsonage of Portrane. A later brick chimney can also be seen at the top of the tower. Samuel Lewis describes the castle as long since deserted in his Topographical Dictionary of Ireland in 1837 and notes the last occupant was Lady Acheson.
Today the castle sits in a field of privately owned tillage land.
The coast in this area is subject to erosion, and since the 1980s, 100 acres (40 ha) of beach at Portrane has been lost. Many houses on the peninsula were demolished in the 1960s due to the dangers of erosion. A storm in March 2018 caused erosion of low cliffs backing the beach, and one home was destroyed. Concrete structures known as sea bees have been placed below the cliffs, but the erosion continues and further houses are threatened.
Members of the band U2 owned a caravan in Portrane where they composed some of the music and lyrics for their 1981 album, October. Lead singer Bono and guitarist The Edge were baptized on a beach in Portrane by members of the Shalom religious group. Rock band the Delorentos are Portrane natives.
Portrane has been used as a location for a number of film and television shoots. Parts of the Channel 4 television series Father Ted were filmed in Portrane, most notably Funland in the first series was filmed in Tower Bay. It also featured in the BBC series "Murphy's Law" starring James Nesbitt.
- Samuel Lewis (1849). A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. S. Lewis and Company. p. 428.
- "Portrane Beach". Dublin: See and do. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- Niewoadomski,Jack (9 July 2016). "Behind closed doors: Portrane". The Irish Times. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "St Ita's Hospital is closed to inpatients". Irish Health. 31 March 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "Gerry recalls 40 years at St Ita's". The Independent. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
- "DU008-030----Castle - tower house-Portraine". webgis.buildingsofireland.ie. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
- Comerford, Patrick. "Does anybody care about the future of Portrane Castle?". Retrieved 15 September 2020.
- "Portrane - Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837)". www.libraryireland.com. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
- O'Loughlin,Ciara (19 October 2019). "Swept by the sea: Dublin woman's home falls onto beach from coastal erosion and now her dad's house is at risk". extra.ie. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- Cogan, Višnja (2008). U2: An Irish Phenomenon. Pegasus Books. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-933648-71-2.
- "Lynders Mobile Home Park". Lynders Mobile Home Park. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
- "Delorentos - In Love With Detail". RTÉ. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2009.