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The Porto Metro (Portuguese: Metro do Porto), part of the public transport (mass transit) system of Porto, Portugal, is a light rail network that runs underground in central Porto and above ground into the city's suburbs. Metro do Porto S.A. was founded in 1993, and the first line of the system opened in 2002.[1]

Porto Metro
PortoMetro.png
Metro do Porto Flexity Outlook Eurotram Trindade.jpg
Flexity Outlook Eurotram train of the Porto Metro at Trindade station
Overview
Native nameMetro do Porto
OwnerGovernment-owned corporation
LocalePorto
Gondomar
Maia
Matosinhos
Póvoa de Varzim
Vila do Conde
Vila Nova de Gaia
Transit typeLight rail
Number of lines6
Number of stations82
Daily ridership158,200 passengers (on average) (2015)
WebsiteMetro do Porto
Operation
Began operation7 December 2002; 16 years ago (2002-12-07)
Operator(s)Grupo Barraqueiro
Number of vehicles102
Technical
System length67 km (42 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC OHLE

The network has 6 lines and reaches seven municipalities within the metropolitan Porto area: Porto, Gondomar, Maia, Matosinhos, Póvoa de Varzim, Vila do Conde and Vila Nova de Gaia. It currently has a total of 82 operational stations across 67 kilometres (42 mi) of double track commercial line. Most of the system is at ground level or elevated, but 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) of the network is underground. The system is run by ViaPORTO.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Porto Metro train.

Line A (blue line) between Senhor de Matosinhos and Trindade in central Porto was the first Porto Metro line to open, in 2002. The line was extended in 2004 to Estádio do Dragão, in time for the Euro 2004 Football championship.

On April 14, 2005, Line B (red line) opened. The Casa da Música concert hall (which has a station on the combined ABCEF line) opened on the same day. Lines A and B are the last legacy of a line which once went from Trindade to Famalicão, originally narrow gauge, opened in 1875, completed in 1881 and switched to metre gauge in 1930. (The stretch from Varzim to Famalicão is now a bicycle trail.)

Line C (green line) opened on July 30, 2005, reaching the centre of Maia. An extension to ISMAI opened in March 2006. Line C uses a stretch formerly part of the Guimarães line which joined the current line at Lousado.

Line D (yellow line) proved the most problematic to excavate and opened in 2005. The line runs from João de Deus and Vila Nova de Gaia in the south before crossing the River Douro and passing through central Porto en route to São João Hospital in the north. The São João Hospital and IPO stations were not brought into service until April 2006 due to safety concerns. In October 2011, it was extended to Santo Ovídio.

Line E (violet line) opened on May 27, 2006, connecting the Airport Francisco Sá Carneiro and Campanhã. Several weeks later, the line was extended until Estádio do Dragão. An end-to-end journey takes 33 minutes, with trains departing every 20 minutes.

Line F (orange line) opened on January 2, 2011, connecting the Porto city centre to the Gondomar region in the east, this line runs between Senhora da Hora and Fânzeres.

Lines A, B, C, E & F follow the same course within the City of Porto (between Estádio do Dragão and Senhora da Hora). The transfer point between Line ABCEF and Line D is at Trindade in central Porto; from Trindade to Senhora da Hora, the right of way recycles the original Porto-Varzim-Famalicão/Maia-Trofa-Guimarães trunk line.

Costs and financial resultsEdit

 
On board a Porto Metro train
 
An Andante ticket being validated

As of 2007, the total cost of Porto Metro mass transit public transport system stands on 3,500 million euros - over 1% of Portugal's GDP. The first phase of the project alone, which was led by the mayors of several Grande Porto (Greater Porto) municipalities including Valentim Loureiro as a chairman of the state-owned company, was 140% more expensive than initially planned which means a slippage of over 1,500 million euros. The Porto Metro state-owned company has reported losses every year, reaching a record loss of 122 million euros in 2006.[2][3]

TrainsEdit

The Metro uses modern Eurotram low-floor, articulated trams. New Flexity Swift LRVs are used on line B, Bx and occasionally line C since 2008, and can reach 100 km/h (62.5 mph). They also have more seats, and can, in common with most modern light rail systems, recover 30% of the total of consumed energy during braking.

The majority of services run with two LRVs coupled together. The Eurotram consists of four main compartments, two in each carriage linked by short corridors, and also features an articulation between the two carriages. They have a capacity of 80 seated and 134 standing passengers.

TicketsEdit

The system uses the "Andante" ticketing system. Machines in stations issue and can recharge Andante Azul - blue "Occasional" tickets, while Andante Gold is a credit-card style "Gold" tickets (which bear a scanned photograph of the holder) that can be purchased in Lojas Andante (Andante Shops). Tickets can also be topped up at Multibanco ATM terminals.

The Porto Metro operates on a proof-of-payment system. Tickets must be validated before travel by scanning them in front of the yellow machines located in stations. A validated occasional ticket allows for unlimited travel within a specified time period, currently 1 hour for the minimum 2-zone ticket, and longer as the number of valid zones increases. The gold passes allow unlimited travel within a pre-defined area, and are available in "anytime" or cheaper "10/16" (off-peak) versions. There is also a daily ticket, known as Andante 24 that allows the user to make unlimited trips within a given day in the zones chosen. For example, a Z3 (3-zone) ticket is valid for 3 zones in any direction of travel from the first validated zone. So, to cover all of the Metro, except the northernmost part of Line B (zones N2 and N3), a Z4 ticket is needed, provided it is validated in zone C1.

There are no faregates within the Metro; instead, groups of fare inspectors randomly check tickets with hand-held scanners. The current penalty for travelling without a validated ticket is €77.

The metro uses the same zoning system as the majority of public transport providers in the Porto metropolitan area, which is divided into Central (C), North (N) and South (S) zones, and further divided into numbered sub-zones. The C1 zone in central Porto is effectively the area contained within the VCI (Via Cintura Interna) inner ring-road, while zones C2 and C6 are the areas between the VCI and the Estrada da Circunvalação outer ring-road.[citation needed]

The Andante system is being rolled out across the entire Porto public transit network. STCP bus routes and some other bus routes currently accept Andante and the intention is for the entire bus, metro and suburban train network to become integrated. The same ticket cannot be used on downtown Porto trams and the cable car (Funicular dos Guindais). The Andante Azul that tourists typically use are not valid, though the Andante Gold loaded with monthly tickets may be accepted.[citation needed]

NetworkEdit

Porto Metro

Services:   Line A   Line B  Line Bx
  Line C  Line D  Line E  Line F


Árvore
Varziela
Azurara
Espaço Natureza
Santa Clara
Mindelo
Vila do Conde
Modivas Centro
Alto do Pega
Modivas Sul
Portas Fronhas
Vilar do Pinheiro
São Brás
Lidador
Póvoa de Varzim
 
Pedras Rubras
Botica
Verdes
Aeroporto
 
Crestins
Esposade
ISMAI
Custóias
Castêlo da Maia
Sr de Matosinhos
Mandim
Mercado
Zona Industrial
Brito Capelo
Fórum da Maia
Matosinhos Sul
Parque da Maia
Câm. Matosinhos
Custió
Parque Real
Araújo
Pedro Hispano
Pias
Estádio do Mar
Cândido dos Reis
Vasco da Gama
 
 
Fonte do Cuco
Senhora da Hora
Sete Bicas
Hospital S. João
Viso
IPO
Ramalde
Pólo Universitário
Francos
Salgueiros
Casa da Música
Combatentes
Carolina Michaëlis
Marquês
Lapa
Faria Guimarães
 
 
Trindade
Aliados  
Bolhão
S. Bento    
24 de Agosto
Jardim do Morro 
Heroísmo
General Torres 
Campanhã
Câmara de Gaia
Estádio do Dragão
João de Deus
Contumil
D. João II
Nasoni
Santo Ovídio
Nau Vitória
Levada
Fânzeres
Rio Tinto
Venda Nova
Campainha
Carreira
Baguim

Sources: Official timetable 2012–2013 and UrbanRail.NET

  Metro do Porto
Line Length Stations Opened Equipment
  Estádio do Dragão – Senhor de Matosinhos 15.6 km
(9.7 mi)
23 7 December 2002 Flexity Outlook (Eurotram)
  Estádio do Dragão – Póvoa de Varzim 33.6 km
(20.9 mi)
35 13 March 2005 Flexity Swift
  Campanhã – ISMAI 19.6 km
(12.2 mi)
24 30 July 2005 Flexity Swift
  Hospital São João – Santo Ovídio 9.2 km
(5.7 mi)
16 18 September 2005 Flexity Outlook (Eurotram)
  Estádio do Dragão – Aeroporto 16.7 km
(10.4 mi)
21 27 May 2006 Flexity Outlook (Eurotram)
  Fânzeres – Senhora da Hora 17.4 km
(10.8 mi)
24 2 January 2011 Flexity Outlook (Eurotram)
  Ribeira – Batalha 0.3 km
(0.19 mi)
02 19 February 2004 Guindais Funicular

Line AEdit

Line A
Senhor de Matosinhos
Mercado
 
Brito Capelo
Matosinhos Sul
Câmara de Matosinhos
Parque de Real
Pedro Hispano
Estádio do Mar
Vasco da Gama
Zone C3
Zone C2
     
Senhora da Hora
 
Sete Bicas
Viso
Ramalde
Zone C2
Zone C1
Francos
Casa da Música
 
Carolina Michaëlis
Lapa
 
Trindade
 
Bolhão
 
Campo 24 de Agosto
 
Heroísmo
 
Campanhã
     
Estádio do Dragão
   
 
 
Grassy median of Line A
Senhor de Matosinhos – Estádio do Dragão
  • Travel time: 40 minutes
  • Headway: 10 minutes

Line A or the Blue Line is the main and, historically, most important of the five Porto Metro lines. It has 23 stations.

The line was opened between Trindade and Senhor de Matosinhos on 7 December 2002, by then Prime Minister Barroso. Until the end of 2002 travel was free of charge to allow users to familiarize themselves with the new light rail line. On June 5, 2004, on the occasion of the Euro 2004 European Football Championship, the section between Trindade and Estádio do Dragão was opened.

Trains run every 10 minutes between 07:00 and 20:00 between Senhor de Matosinhos and Estádio do Dragão, with some trips extended to Fânzeres on Line F. Between 6:00 and 7:00 and after 20:00 the frequency is 15 minutes. After 21:00 trains only run between Senhor de Matosinhos and Trindade.

Flexity Outlook Eurotrams number 001–072 service the line.

Line B/BxEdit

Line B/Bx
Póvoa de Varzim
São Brás
Portas Fronhas
Alto de Pêga
Vila do Conde
Santa Clara
Zone N3
Zone N2
Azurara
Árvore
Varziela
Espaço Natureza
Mindelo
Zone N2
Zone N10
VC Fashion Outlet/Modivas
Modivas Centro
Modivas Sul
Vilar de Pinheiro
Lidador
Pedras Rubras
 
Verdes
Zone N10
Zone C5
Crestins
Esposade
Custóias
 
Fonte do Cuco
Zone C5
Zone C2
 
Senhora da Hora
Sete Bicas
Via Rápida/Viso
Ramalde
Zone C2
Zone C1
Francos
Casa da Música
 
Carolina Michaëlis
Lapa
 
Trindade
 
Bolhão
 
Campo 24 de Agosto
 
Heroísmo
 
Campanhã
     
Estádio do Dragão
     
 
Flexity Swift on Line B
Póvoa de Varzim – Estádio do Dragão
  • Travel time (B): 61 minutes
  • Travel time (Bx): 53 minutes
  • Headway: 30 minutes (each service)

Line B or the Red Line has 35 stations and is the longest line of the system. The line reuses, for almost its entire length, the route of the old Póvoa Line, which connected Trindade to Póvoa de Varzim. Line B was Porto Metro's second line to open. Initially the line only ran between Estádio do Dragão and Senhora da Hora, thus sharing the route with Line A. On March 13, 2005, an extension was opened between Senhora da Hora and Pedras Rubras. On March 18, 2006, after successive delays, the final section to Póvoa de Varzim was officially inaugurated.

The line has two types of services between Póvoa de Varzim and Estádio do Dragão: regular, which stops at all stations; and the Bx express, which only stops only at Portas Fronhas, Vila do Conde, Varziela, Mindelo and Pedras Rubras, between Póvoa de Varzim and Senhora da Hora. From early summer 2011 the express service was expanded to operate daily.

In July 2016, Porto Metro announced that an additional infill station, Modivas Norte, will be added at The Style Outlet. The work is financed 50% by the mall management and will cost a total of €1.2 million.[4] Although no extensions are planned, consideration was given to use the abandoned Famalicão branch to reach Barreiros, near Avenida 25 de Abril, via Mourões. Beyond Póvoa de Varzim the right-of-way has been converted into a cycle path in order to preserve the branch.

Line CEdit

Line C
future extension
Paradela  
Trofa
Senhora das Dores
Pateiras
Bougado
Serra
Muro
Ribela
ISMAI
Castêlo da Maia
Mandim
Zona Industrial
Zone N11
Zone C5
Fórum Maia
Parque Maia
Custió
Araújo
Pias
Cândido dos Reis
   
Fonte do Cuco
Zone C5
Zone C2
 
Senhora da Hora
Sete Bicas
Viso
Ramalde
Zone C2
Zone C1
Francos
Casa da Música
 
Carolina Michaëlis
Lapa
 
Trindade
 
Bolhão
 
Campo 24 de Agosto
 
Heroísmo
 
Campanhã            
       
 
Line C near the Forum Maia station
 
Aliados station entrance
ISMAI – Campanhã
  • Travel time: 41 minutes
  • Headway: 15 minutes

  Line D: Santo Ovídio ↔ Hospital São João (yellow)Edit

Line D
future extension
Vila d'Este 
Hospital Santos Silva
Manuel Leão
Santo Ovídio
 
D. João II
 
João de Deus
Câmara de Gaia
General Torres
 
Jardim do Morro
 
 
Douro
Zone S8
Zone C1
São Bento
     
Aliados
 
Trindade
           
Faria Guimarães
Marquês
 
Combatentes
 
Salgueiros
Zone C1
Zone C6
Pólo Universitário
some services
terminate here
IPO
Hospital São João
 
Travel time: 25 minutes
Minimum headway: 5 / 10 minutes
 
Dom Luis I's bridge crossing by Metro
 
Trindade Station, Line D platform
 
IPO Station, Line D

  Line E: Aeroporto ↔ Estádio do Dragão (violet)Edit

Line E
Aeroporto  
Botica
 
Verdes
Crestins
Zone N10
Zone C5
Esposade
Custóias
 
Fonte do Cuco
Zone C5
Zone C2
 
Senhora da Hora
Sete Bicas
Viso
Ramalde
Zone C2
Zone C1
Francos
Casa da Música
 
Carolina Michaëlis
Lapa
 
Trindade
 
Bolhão
 
Campo 24 de Agosto
 
Heroísmo
 
Campanhã
     
Estádio do Dragão
     
Travel time: 35 minutes
Headway: 30 minutes

  Line F: Senhora da Hora ↔ Fânzeres (orange)Edit

Line F
       
Senhora da Hora
       
Sete Bicas
Viso
Ramalde
Zone C2
Zone C1
Francos
Casa da Música
 
Carolina Michaëlis
Lapa
 
Trindade
 
Bolhão
 
Campo 24 de Agosto
 
Heroísmo
 
Campanhã
     
Estádio do Dragão
     
Zone C1
Zone C6
 
Contumil
 
Nasoni
Nau Vitória
Zone C6
Zone C9
Levada
 
Rio Tinto
 
Campainha
Baguim
Carreira
Zone C9
Zone C8
Venda Nova
Fânzeres
Travel time: 39 minutes
Headway: 15 minutes

Funicular dos GuindaisEdit

 
Car of the funicular. In the background, the Ferdinand Wall of Porto.

The Metro do Porto company also operates the Funicular of Guindais, a cable-car system that was originally built in 1891 and was recently remodelled. It connects the riverside area of Ribeira to higher ground at Batalha, near the São Bento station.

Future expansionEdit

Line C: To Paradela, Trofa.
Line D: Connection to Vila D'Este.
Line G: Senhor de Matosinhos to São Bento.[5] The construction is to be started in 2019 and is planned to take three years.[6]
Line H: Matosinhos Praia to Vila D'Este.
Line I: Campanhã to Gondomar.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Webb, Mary (ed.) (2009). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 2009–2010, p. 277. Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2903-6.
  2. ^ Gestores do Metro do Porto recebem €650 mil de prémios, Expresso newspaper, 18 February 2006, accessed March 2007 (in Portuguese)
  3. ^ Metro do Porto fechou exercício com resultado negativo de 122 milhões de euros Archived 2011-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, Diário Económico website, 7 March 2007, accessed March 2007 (in Portuguese)
  4. ^ "Metro do Porto vai ter nova Estação em Modivas Norte". Retrieved 2016-07-08.
  5. ^ "Mais 6 quilómetros. 7 novas estações. Metro do Porto vai crescer" (in Portuguese). Diário de Notícias. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  6. ^ "A nova linha do Metro do Porto vai ligar a Casa da Música a S. Bento" (in Portuguese). NIT. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.

External linksEdit