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Washington (/ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ (About this sound listen)), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. Named for George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital; the state's largest city is Seattle. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State, to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington or just D.C.

Washington is the 18th largest state, with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state, with more than 7.4 million people. Approximately 60 percent of Washington's residents live in the Seattle metropolitan area, the center of transportation, business, and industry along Puget Sound, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean consisting of numerous islands, deep fjords, and bays carved out by glaciers. The remainder of the state consists of: deep temperate rainforests in the west; mountain ranges in the west, central, northeast, and far southeast; and a semi-arid basin region in the east, central, and south, given over to intensive agriculture. Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, after California. Mount Rainier, an active stratovolcano, is the state's highest elevation, at almost 14,411 feet (4,392 meters), and is the most topographically prominent mountain in the contiguous United States.

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Paul Allen

Paul Gardner Allen (born January 21, 1953) is an American entrepreneur who co-founded Microsoft with Bill Gates. Allen regularly appears on lists of the richest people in the world. As of February 11, 2008, Forbes ranks him as the 42nd richest man in the world, worth an estimated $16 billion.

He is the founder and chairman of Vulcan Inc., which is his private asset management company, and is chairman of Charter Communications. Allen also has a multibillion dollar investment portfolio which includes large stakes in DreamWorks Animation SKG, Digeo, real estate holdings, and more than 40 other technology, media, and content companies. Allen also owns three professional sports teams: the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League, the Portland Trail Blazers of the National Basketball Association, and the Seattle Sounders FC franchise in Major League Soccer that will begin playing in the 2009 season. (more...)

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Interstate 90

Interstate 90 in Washington (I-90) is a 296.92-mile (477.85 km) highway in the U.S. state of Washington that extends from SR 519 in Seattle to its border with Idaho. Serving the cities of Seattle, Bellevue, Issaquah, Ellensburg, Moses Lake, Ritzville, and Spokane, it is the major route eastwards to Missoula, Montana, Rapid City, South Dakota, Chicago, Illinois, Buffalo, New York, Albany, New York, and Boston, Massachusetts.

Essentially, it is the only Interstate Highway to connect Western Washington to Eastern Washington, but there are two U.S. Routes that also do the same, and they are U.S. Route 2, and U.S. Route 12, along with a few state highways. I-90 is also the only highway in Washington to connect the two largest cities in the state (Seattle and Spokane). The road is the third busiest in the state, behind I-5 at 240,000 and I-405 at 201,000. An estimated 148,000 motorists utilize the road daily.

I-90 incorporates two of the longest floating bridges in the world, the Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge and the Homer M. Hadley Memorial Bridge, which cross Lake Washington from Seattle to Mercer Island, Washington. They are the second and fifth longest such bridges, respectively. (more...)

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Pacific Chorus Frog
Coast Rhododendron
American Goldfinch
Western hemlock
Steelhead trout
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Lady Washington
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Sweet onion
Orca


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Featured articles (see also FA-Class Washington articles) Featured lists (see also FL-Class Washington articles)

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Attractions: Mount Rainier National Park • Mount St. Helens National Monument • Seattle Center • Olympic National Park • Grand Coulee Dam • Columbia River Gorge • Boeing Everett Factory

Metro Areas: Seattle • Vancouver-Portland, Oregon • Spokane • Kennewick-Pasco-Richland • Mount Vernon-Burlington-Bellingham • Aberdeen-Hoquiam

Culture: Music • Religion

Education: Higher Education

Geography: Regions • The Cascades • Central Washington • Columbia Gorge • Columbia Plateau • Columbia River • Eastern Washington • Inland Empire • Kitsap Peninsula • Long Beach Peninsula • Okanogan Country • Seattle Metro • Olympic Peninsula • Palouse • Puget Sound • San Juan Islands • Skagit Valley • Western Washington • Yakima Valley

Government: Washington Constitution • Washington State Legislature • Washington Supreme Court

Washington State Capitol Legislative Building Dome

History: Oregon boundary dispute • Whitman massacre • Washington Territory • Boeing • Collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (Galloping Gertie) • 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens • Grunge music • 1999 WTO Protests • 2001 Nisqually earthquake

People: Paul Allen • William Boeing • Maria Cantwell • Kurt Cobain • William O. Douglas • Bill Gates • Jimi Hendrix • Jay Inslee • Henry M. Jackson • Patty Murray • Edward R. Murrow • Chief Seattle • Isaac Stevens

Sports: Seattle Seahawks • Seattle Mariners • Seattle Sounders FC • University of Washington • Washington State University

Transportation: Amtrak Cascades • Amtrak Empire Builder • Ferries • Interstate 5 • Interstate 82 • Interstate 90 • Washington State Route 20 • Link light rail • Pacific Crest Trail • Scenic routes • Sound Transit • Steamboats of the Columbia River • Tacoma Narrows Bridge • U.S. Route 2 • U.S. Route 12 • U.S. Route 97 • U.S. Route 101 • U.S. Route 195 • U.S. Route 395

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Coordinates: 47°30′N 120°30′W / 47.5°N 120.5°W / 47.5; -120.5