Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia,
is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 square kilometres (63,170 square miles). Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was 11.435 million in 2017. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast.
Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 miles) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.
Habib Bourguiba (Arabic: حبيب بورقيبة Ḥabīb Būrqība) (August 3, 1903–April 6, 2000) was the first president of Tunisia and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Tunisia. He served as president from July 25, 1957 to November 7, 1987. Bourguiba is considered the most influential personality in the modern history of Tunisia. His policies and reforms shaped and are still shaping the dynamics of Tunisian society. During his presidency, he underlined the importance of education and saw in it the key to modernity. Bourguiba also made an innovative difference within the Arab and Islamic world concerning women rights. He pushed toward prohibiting polygamy and legalized divorce. He also raised the age at which girls could marry to 17 years of age. All of these proposals were adopted in the revolutionary Code of Personal Status of August 1956. The new code gave women historical rights and protection in a way changed and transformed Tunisian society in whole. When it comes to diplomacy, he was known for his controversial views on world policies, especially middle-east conflicts and mainly the Palestinian cause. (more...)
...that in 1930, Tahar Haddad published his book Our Women in the Sharia and Society in which he explained his reform program for the Tunisian society emphasizing on women liberation and rights. At the same time, he argued that Islam basically views that men and women are equal in rights and duties.