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Introduction

Freightliner M2 dump truck

A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and configuration; smaller varieties may be mechanically similar to some automobiles. Commercial trucks can be very large and powerful and may be configured to be mounted with specialized equipment, such as in the case of refuse trucks, fire trucks, concrete mixers, and suction excavators. Strictly speaking, a commercial vehicle without a tractor or other articulation is a "straight truck" while one designed specifically to pull a trailer is not a truck but a "tractor".

Modern trucks are largely powered by diesel engines, although small to medium size trucks with gasoline engines exist in the US, Canada, and Mexico. In the European Union, vehicles with a gross combination mass of up to 3.5 t (7,700 lb) are known as light commercial vehicles, and those over as large goods vehicles.

Selected article

The hours of service limit the driving hours of truck and bus drivers

The hours of service (HOS) are regulations issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration governing the working hours of anyone operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) in the United States for the purpose of interstate commerce. This includes truck drivers and bus drivers who operate CMVs for motor carriers (their employers). These rules limit the number of daily and weekly hours spent driving and working, and regulate the minimum amount of time drivers must spend resting between driving shifts. The driver of a CMV is required to keep a record of working hours using a log book, outlining the total number of hours spent driving and resting, as well as the time at which the change of duty status occurred. In lieu of a log book, a motor carrier may keep track of a driver's hours using an electronic on-board recorder, which automatically records the amount of time spent driving the vehicle. The HOS's main purpose is to prevent accidents caused by driver fatigue. This is accomplished by limiting the number of driving hours per day, and the number of driving and working hours per week. Enforcement of the HOS is generally handled by DOT officers of each state, and are sometimes checked when CMVs pass through weigh stations. Requests to change the HOS are a source of contentious debate, and many surveys indicate some drivers get away with routinely violating the HOS.

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Selected manufacturer

Namco Milicar.jpg

Namco (National Motor Company of Greece) is a Greek vehicle manufacturer, a creation of the Kontogouris Brothers who have been in the automotive industry business since the 1950s. The first efforts of the Kontogouris Brothers involved building light trucks called Hellas in Germany. In 1957 Petros Kontogouris acquired rights to a production technology of a multi-purpose vehicle developed by Dr. Wilfried Fahr, who founded an engineering company in Switzerland. In 1961 Kontogouris created their first company (FARCO) in Thessaloniki, Greece to produce the vehicle, called FARMOBIL, with BMW 700 flat-2 engine. Ironically, this smart vehicle was not certified for the Greek market and all production was exported, to several countries around the world.

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Topics

Vehicles

Modeles
Trucks.gif

truck, B-Train, concrete mixer, dump truck, dumper, fire apparatus, forklift truck, garbage truck, heavy equipment, large goods vehicle, longer Heavier Vehicle, oversize load, road train, self-propelled modular transporter, semi-trailer, snow blower, snowplow, tailgating, tank truck, tautliner, tractor, tractor unit, trailer, truck racing, monster truck, water tender, Box truck, Cab over, Flatbed truck

Manufacture
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DAF Trucks, Freightliner Trucks, Hino Motors, Iveco, Kenworth, MAN SE, Mack Trucks, Navistar International, Oshkosh Corporation, Peterbilt, Renault Trucks, Scania AB, Tata Motors, Volvo Trucks

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Bedford Vehicles, Bristol Commercial Vehicles, Guy Motors, Hanomag, Leyland Motors, Pegaso, Saurer, Scammell, Seddon Atkinson, Sentinel Waggon Works, White Motor Company

truck driver
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Ari Behn, Lindsay Booth, Lindsay Fox, Lisa Kelly, Luella Bates, Mike Davis, Tom Kruse

Technology

Mechanical
ISUZU ELF, 6th Gen, HYBRID Chassis.jpg

air brake, air suspension, axle, battery pack, brake, bullbar, chassis, clutch, compression release engine brake, dashboard, Diesel engine, differential, double clutch, engine braking, exhaust system, fifth wheel coupling, frame, glowplug, ignition system, live axle, non-synchronous transmission, piston, radiator, steering, suspension, tire, transmission, Fifth wheel coupling, Ballast tractor

Regulation
POL Warszawa Grochowska Krypska wypadek 2009-02-02 (4).JPG

CMR Convention, commercial driver's license, common carrier, contract of carriage, environmental impact of roads, European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, European emission standards, gross vehicle weight rating, incoterms, intelligent transportation system, intermodal container, intermodal freight transport, TIR Treaty, tachograph, transport law, vehicle inspection, Trade, Drivers' working hours, Hours of service

Security
Used vegetable cooking oil.png

ice road, jackknifing, rest area, road transport, runaway truck ramp,

Energy

biodiesel, carbon monoxide, Diesel fuel, fuel oil, liquefied petroleum gas, methane, natural gas, propane, vegetable oil fuel,

Did you know?

Route 17 at the Linwood Avenue East exit

Selected video

Ivo Samkalden of Amsterdam is in the polder Bijlmermeer for the ceremonial "first stone" of the construction of 5000 new houses. Other scenes include a recently built viaduct, an old farmhouse, the first flat and a model of the future building.

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