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Toronto (/təˈrɒnt/ (About this soundlisten) tə-RON-toh) is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 in 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. Toronto is the anchor of an urban agglomeration, known as the Golden Horseshoe in Southern Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.

People have travelled through and inhabited the Toronto area, situated on a broad sloping plateau interspersed with rivers, deep ravines, and urban forest, for more than 10,000 years. After the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase, when the Mississauga surrendered the area to the British Crown, the British established the town of York in 1793 and later designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York and suffered heavy damage by United States troops. York was renamed and incorporated in 1834 as the city of Toronto. It was designated as the capital of the province of Ontario in 1867 during Canadian Confederation. The city proper has since expanded past its original borders through both annexation and amalgamation to its current area of 630.2 km2 (243.3 sq mi).

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A painting by Sir Edmund Walker depicts University College as it appeared in 1858.

The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated on the grounds that surround Queen's Park. It was founded by royal charter in 1827 as King's College, the first institution of higher learning in Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university assumed the present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises twelve colleges that differ in character and history, each retaining substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs.

The University of Toronto is ranked first in Canada and 27th worldwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities; first in Canada and 17th worldwide in the Times Higher Education global ranking; second in Canada and 23rd globally in the QS World University Rankings; and first in Canada and third overall in Newsweek's ranking of top institutions outside of the United States. The university has educated two Governors General and four Prime Ministers of Canada, four foreign leaders, fourteen Justices of the Supreme Court, and has been affiliated with ten Nobel laureates.


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The Toronto City Hall is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. Designed by Viljo Revell and engineered by Hannskarl Bandel, the building opened in 1965; its modernist architecture still impresses today. It was built to replace the Old City Hall (built in 1899). In the 1980 film The Kidnapping of the President starring William Shatner and Hal Holbrook the city hall and Nathan Phillips Square provided the location for a protracted hostage scene. The city hall was seen in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Contagion" as one of the possible destinations of an alien portal. In the 2002 film The Tuxedo, the city hall was playing the role of "CSA Headquarters".

Web resources

Official websites



Toronto - ON - Toronto Harbourfront7.jpg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Toronto, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about the Greater Toronto area.

Toronto in the news

31 March 2019 –
Elvis Luciano of the Toronto Blue Jays becomes the first person born in the 2000s to play in a Major League Baseball game. (

Selected biography

Frederick Goldwin Gardiner, QC, LL.D (21 January, 1895 – 22 August, 1983) was a Canadian politician, lawyer and businessman. He was the first chairman of Metropolitan Toronto council, the governing body for the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto, from 1953 to 1961. As Metro Chairman, Gardiner, nicknamed "Big Daddy", was a staunch advocate of growth and expansion and was responsible for many capital works projects, including the Gardiner Expressway (named for him) and the Don Valley Parkway.


Did you know...


...that Yonge Street, Toronto's major north-south artery, can be considered the longest street in the world at 1,896 km if it is considered to be extended by Highway 11? The Guinness Book of World Records recognized this claim as late as 1998.


Former Toronto mayor, Mel Lastman:

  • "You will never be mayor, because you say dumb and stupid things!"

(said during a council debate to his eventual successor, David Miller.)

Former Toronto Mayor, Rob Ford:

  • "Don’t you fucking know? I’m Rob fucking Ford, the mayor of this city!"

(Oct, 2011 - on a 911 call after a CBC comedy team tried to interview the mayor outside his house)

Toronto lists

Toronto Selected panoramic picture

Toronto panorama.jpg
360-degree panorama of Toronto, as seen from the CN Tower, altitude 447 m (1,465 ft)..

Toronto WikiProject topics

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