Portal:Netherlands

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Welcome to the Netherlands Portal
Welkom bij het Nederlandportaal!

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Location of the Netherlands within Europe

The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərlɑnt] (listen)), informally Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands consists of twelve provinces; it borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, with a North Sea coastline to the north and west. It shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom, Germany and Belgium in the North Sea. The country's official language is Dutch, with West Frisian as a secondary official language in the province of Friesland. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised regional languages, while Dutch Sign Language, Sinte Romani and Yiddish are recognised non-territorial languages. Dutch, English and Papiamento are official in the Caribbean territories.

With a population of 17.7 million people, all living within a total area of roughly 41,800 km2 (16,100 sq mi)—of which the land area is 33,500 km2 (12,900 sq mi)—the Netherlands is the 16th most densely populated country in the world and the second-most densely populated country in the European Union, with a density of 529 people per square kilometre (1,370 people/sq mi). Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products by value, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, intensive agriculture, and inventiveness.

The Netherlands has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848. The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion, prostitution and human euthanasia, along with maintaining a liberal drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in Civil Law in 1870, though it was not completely removed until a new constitution was approved in 1983. The Netherlands allowed women's suffrage in 1919 and was the first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. Its mixed-market advanced economy had the eleventh-highest per capita income globally. The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indices of press freedom, economic freedom, human development and quality of life, as well as happiness. (Full article...)

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Selected biography

Adriaen van der Donck
Adriaen Cornelissen van der Donck was a lawyer and landowner in New Netherland after whose honorific Jonkheer the city of Yonkers, New York is named. In addition to being the first lawyer in the Dutch colony, he was a leader in the political life of New Amsterdam (modern New York City), and an activist for Dutch-style republican government in the Dutch West India Company-run trading post.

Enchanted by his new homeland of New Netherland, Van der Donck made detailed accounts of the land, vegetation, animals, waterways, topography, and climate. Van der Donck used this knowledge to actively promote immigration to the colony, publishing several tracts, including his influential Description of New Netherland. Charles Gehring, Director of the New Netherland Project, has called it "the fullest account of the province, its geography, the Indians who inhabited it, and its prospects…It has been said that had it not been written in Dutch, it would have gone down as one of the great works of American colonial literature."

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Did you know (auto-generated)

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  • ... that the Vuurbaak van Katwijk aan Zee, built in 1605, is the second-oldest lighthouse in the Netherlands?
  • ... that five years after Ihsan Gürz died while in Dutch police custody, his father was convicted of swearing at a police officer who had been present at his arrest?
  • ... that Japanese occupying forces reportedly sentenced Fatah Jasin to death, but Japan surrendered and Indonesia became independent before he could be executed?
  • ... that one of the most endangered monuments in Europe is a squatted house in the Netherlands?
  • ... that the USA team at the 2007 World Cup of Pool wore orange shirts after both home-nation Dutch teams had been eliminated?
  • ... that Arsenal footballer Vivianne Miedema is the all-time leading scorer in the FA Women's Super League and has scored more goals at the international level than any other Dutch player?

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Featured content

Extended content

This page gives an overview of all featured content (The featured content star) on Wikipedia related to the Netherlands.

Featured articles

  1. Mary II of England (20 September 2004)
  2. William III of England (5 October 2004)
  3. Anne Frank (10 February 2005)
  4. Battle of Ramillies (11 September 2007)
  5. The Garden of Earthly Delights (28 May 2008)
  6. Tulip mania (18 August 2008)
  7. Design 1047 battlecruiser (14 April 2009)
  8. Battle of Morotai (12 December 2009)
  9. Dutch 1913 battleship proposal (27 March 2010)
  10. Pig-faced women (4 September 2010)
  11. The Human Centipede (First Sequence) (5 October 2011)
  12. Murder of Joanna Yeates (1 April 2012)
  13. 1740 Batavia massacre (6 May 2012)
  14. Crucifixion and Last Judgement diptych (8 November 2012)
  15. Terang Boelan (4 December 2012)
  16. Sair Tjerita Siti Akbari (6 April 2013)
  17. Gagak Item (26 May 2013)
  18. Lie Kim Hok (1 July 2013)
  19. Sorga Ka Toedjoe (23 July 2013)
  20. Djaoeh Dimata (3 August 2013)
  21. Boenga Roos dari Tjikembang (novel) (15 August 2013)
  22. Amir Hamzah (5 October 2013)
  23. Si Tjonat (27 October 2013)
  24. Fakih Usman (20 November 2013)
  25. Roekiah (12 January 2014)
  26. Early Netherlandish painting (20 January 2014)
  27. Asmara Moerni (9 February 2014)
  28. Drama dari Krakatau (27 February 2014)
  29. Tjioeng Wanara (1 April 2014)
  30. D. Djajakusuma (14 May 2014)
  31. Union Films (6 June 2014)
  32. Soeara Berbisa (25 June 2014)
  33. Harta Berdarah (9 July 2014)
  34. Si Ronda (15 July 2014)
  35. Battle of Öland (8 August 2014)
  36. Kedok Ketawa (15 August 2014)
  37. Oriental Film (21 September 2014)
  38. Pah Wongso Pendekar Boediman (27 November 2014)
  39. Air Mata Iboe (18 April 2015)
  40. Jacobus Anthonie Meessen (13 May 2015)
  41. Joehana (3 September 2015)
  42. Panggilan Darah (16 January 2016)
  43. Jacob van Ruisdael (5 February 2016)
  44. Huguenot-Walloon half dollar (14 April 2016)
  45. Vincent van Gogh (15 September 2016)

Featured lists

  1. List of films that received the Golden Film (18 November 2007)
  2. Order of battle at the Battle of Camperdown (24 April 2010)
  3. Amsterdam Tournament (23 September 2010)
  4. List of films of the Dutch East Indies (21 October 2012)
  5. List of film directors of the Dutch East Indies (17 November 2012)
  6. List of film producers of the Dutch East Indies (15 February 2013)
  7. List of municipalities of the Netherlands (24 June 2013)
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