The Syriac Christianity Portal
Syriac Christianity (Syriac: ܡܫܝܚܝܘܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ / Mšiḥāyuṯā Suryāyṯā) is the form of Eastern Christianity whose formative theological writings and traditional liturgy are expressed in the Syriac language.
The Syriac language is a variety of Middle Aramaic that in an early form emerged in Edessa, Upper Mesopotamia in the first century AD. It is closely related to the Jewish Palestinian Aramaic spoken by Jesus. This relationship added to its prestige for Christians. The form of the language in use in Edessa predominated Christian writings and was accepted as the standard form, "a convenient vehicle for the spread of Christianity wherever there was a substrate of spoken Aramaic". The area where Syriac or Aramaic was spoken, an area of contact and conflict between the Roman Empire and the Sasanian Empire, extended from around Antioch in the west to Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the Sasanian capital (in Iraq), in the east and comprised the whole or parts of present-day Lebanon, Palestine/Israel, Syria, Turkey, Iraq and Iran. Read more...
|The Peshitta (Classical Syriac: ܦܫܝܛܬܐ for "simple, common, straight, vulgate", Arabic:"بسيطة", sometimes called the Syriac Vulgate) is the standard version of the Bible for churches in the Syriac tradition.
The Old Testament of the Peshitta was translated into Syriac from the Hebrew, probably in the 2nd century AD. The New Testament of the Peshitta, which originally excluded certain disputed books (2 Peter, 2 John, 3 John, Jude, Revelation), had become the standard by the early 5th century.
Ephrem the Syrian, mosaic in Nea Moni.
|Joseph VI Audo |
B. 1790 – d. 14 March 1878
Mar Joseph VI Audo was the Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church from 1847 to 1878.
Joseph VI Audo was born in 1790 in Alqosh and in 1814 he became monk of the monastery of Rabban Hormizd. He was ordained priest in 1818 and consecrated bishop of Mosul on the March 25, 1825 by the patriarchal administrator Augustine Hindi in Amid. From 1830 to 1847 he served as metropolitan bishop of Amadiyah. After the resignation of patriarch Mar Nicholas I Zaya he was elected Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on July 28, 1847 and confirmed by the pope on September 11, 1848. He died in Mosul on the March 14, 1878.
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