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ܫܠܡܐ ܠܘܟܘܢ ܒܬܘܪܥܬܐ ܕܡܫܝܚܝܘܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ

Welcome to the Syriac Christianity portal

The Syriac Christianity Portal

Syriac Christianity (Syriac: ܡܫܝܚܝܘܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ‎ / Mšiḥāyuṯā Suryāyṯā) is the form of Eastern Christianity whose formative theological writings and traditional liturgy are expressed in the Syriac language. Syriac Christianity consists of two liturgical rites, the East Syriac Rite (also known as the Assyrian Rite or Persian Rite) and the West Syriac Rite. The main Anaphora of the East Syriac tradition is the Holy Qurbana of Saints Addai and Mari, while that of the West Syriac tradition is the Divine Liturgy of Saint James.

The Syriac language is a variety of Middle Aramaic that in an early form emerged in Edessa, Upper Mesopotamia in the first century AD. It is closely related to the Jewish Palestinian Aramaic spoken by Jesus. This relationship added to its prestige for Christians. The form of the language in use in Edessa predominated Christian writings and was accepted as the standard form, "a convenient vehicle for the spread of Christianity wherever there was a substrate of spoken Aramaic". The area where Syriac or Aramaic was spoken, an area of contact and conflict between the Roman Empire and the Sasanian Empire, extended from around Antioch in the west to Seleucia-Ctesiphon, the Sasanian capital (in Iraq), in the east and comprised the whole or parts of present-day Lebanon, Palestine/Israel, Syria, Turkey, Iraq and Iran. Read more...

Selected article

Rabban Hormizd.jpg
Rabban Hormizd Monastery is an important monastery of the Chaldean Church. It is carved out in the mountains about 2 miles from Alqosh, Iraq, 28 miles north of Mosul. Founded on about the 640 AD, it has been the official residence of the patriarchs of the Eliya line of the Church of the East from 1551 to the 18th century, and after the union with Rome in the early 19th century, it became a prominent monastery of the Chaldean Church.

The monastery is named after Rabban Hormizd (rabban is the Syriac for monk) who founded it in the seventh century.

Selected picture

A Cross on north side of the Qadisha Valley and on the western outskirts of Blaouza.
Credit: Brian Dell

A Cross on north side of the Qadisha Valley and on the western outskirts of Blaouza.

Selected biography

Joseph Audo Patriarch BabylonJS.jpg
Joseph VI Audo
B. 1790 – d. 14 March 1878

Mar Joseph VI Audo was the Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church from 1847 to 1878.

Joseph VI Audo was born in 1790 in Alqosh and in 1814 he became monk of the monastery of Rabban Hormizd. He was ordained priest in 1818 and consecrated bishop of Mosul on the March 25, 1825 by the patriarchal administrator Augustine Hindi in Amid. From 1830 to 1847 he served as metropolitan bishop of Amadiyah. After the resignation of patriarch Mar Nicholas I Zaya he was elected Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on July 28, 1847 and confirmed by the pope on September 11, 1848. He died in Mosul on the March 14, 1878.

Did you know ...

Nisibis Church interior.jpg
...that the School of Nisibis is sometimes considered to be the oldest university in history... ?
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