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Portal:Strategy games

Introduction

Chess is one of the most well-known and frequently played strategy games.

A strategy game or strategic game is a game (e.g. video or board game) in which the players' uncoerced, and often autonomous decision-making skills have a high significance in determining the outcome. Almost all strategy games require internal decision tree style thinking, and typically very high situational awareness.

The term "strategy" comes ultimately from Greek, (στρατηγια or strategia) meaning generalship. It differs from "tactics" in that it refers to the general scheme of things, whereas "tactics" refers to organization and execution.

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Go board.jpg
Go is a strategic board game for two players. Also known as Weiqi in Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 圍棋, Simplified Chinese: 围棋), Igo in Japanese (Kanji: 囲碁), Cờ Vây in Vietnamese (Chữ Hán Việt: 圍棋), and Baduk in Korean (Hangul: 바둑), Go originated in ancient China, likely centuries before its first reference c. 548 BC. It is now popular throughout the world, especially in East Asia.

Go is played by two players alternately placing black and white stones on the vacant intersections of a 19×19 rectilinear grid. A stone or a group of stones is captured and removed if it is tightly surrounded by stones of the opposing color. The objective is to control a larger territory than the opponent by placing one's stones so they cannot be captured. The game ends and the score is counted when both players consecutively pass on a turn, indicating that neither side can increase its territory or reduce its opponent's; the game can also end by resignation.

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Guan Yu
Credit: Utagawa Kuniyoshi
Guan Yu playing Go, while having his wounds attended to.

Selected biography

Wilhelm Steinitz2.jpg
Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836, Prague–August 12, 1900, New York) was an Austrian-American chess player and the first official world chess champion. Known for his original contributions to chess strategy such as his ideas on positional play, his theories were held in high regard by such chess players as Aron Nimzowitsch, Siegbert Tarrasch, and Emanuel Lasker.

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