Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Portal:Serer religion

Welcome to the Serer religion portal!

Ndalin poortal a ƭat Roog (O ngim no Seereer)

Bienvenue sur le portail religion sérère

The star Yoonir, symbol of the Universe in Serer cosmology. Commonly known as Sirius.

The Serer religion, a ƭat Roog (the way of the Divine or path of God) is the original religious beliefs, practices and teachings of the Serer people. The Serers believe in a universal Supreme Deity called Roog. Serer religious beliefs encompasses ancient chants and poems; veneration and offerings to the Serer Gods, Goddesses, Serer Saints and ancestral spirits (Pangool), astronomy, initiation rites, medicine, cosmology and history of the Serer people. Roog is both everywhere and nowhere. That is why there is no "House of Roog". The Serers pray to Roog through intercessors, but do not make direct animal sacrifices to Roog.

There is no heaven or hell in Serer religion. The immortality of the soul and reincarnation (ciiɗ in Serer Sine) is a strongly held belief in Serer religion. The Pangool - ancestral spirits of those who lived pure lives after they have passed on to the spirit world (Jaaniiw) are canonised as Holy Saints, and will be called upon and venerated, and have the power to intercede between the living and the Divine. Acceptance by the ancestors who have long departed and the ability to intercede with the Divine is as close to heaven after one passes over. Rejection by the ancestors and becoming a lost and wondering soul is as close to hell in Serer religion.

Selected article

Roog (or Rog) is the Supreme God and Creator in Serer religion. In Serer Sine, roog means sky or the heavens. Roog is sometimes referred to as Roog Sene which means Roog the Immensity, or by extension, the merciful god.

More about Roog...

Selected picture

Serer cosmogony - representation of the universe.jpg
Credit: Henry Gravrand - "La civilisation sereer - Pangool".

Serer representation of the universe. The three worlds : the invisible world, the terrestrial world and the nocturnal world.

Festivals & Events

There are several Serer religious festivals some of which are listed below :

' Daqaar mboob - Diouck - Gamo - Jobai - Khanghere - Mindisse - Mbosseh - Mboudaye - Randou Rande - Raan (held at Tukar, see also Saltigue) - Sam Southieh - The consultation at Ngalagne - The massacre of Cadde - The royal struggle - The session struggle at Ndiaye-Ndiaye - The session struggle Jiloor (Jijaak) - Tobaski - Tourou Peithie - Xoy (main Xoy held at Fatick)

More about religious festivals...

Selected quote

I have been born in knowledge.
Geidj Faye (a Saltigue)

(Oberdiek, Ulrich, "Anthropological Abstracts", Volume 2, p 126, LIT Verlag Münster (2004), ISBN 3825880109)


Selected biography

Lamane Jegan Joof was a Serer lamane who according to Serer tradition founded the Serer village of Tukar now part of present-day Senegal. The Raan Festival, a major event in the Serer religious calendar takes place each year at Tukar, two weeks after the appearance of the new moon in April. He is reported to have been accompanied by a group of Pangool when he migrated from Lambaye with his brother Ndik following a disagreement with his relative the king of Lambaye. In his epic and the epic of Tukar, he is reported to have canonised the pangool Lunguñ Joof (Serer proper : Lunguñ Juuf).

More about Lamane Jegan Joof...

Did you know...

  • ...that the Serer creator god (Roog) created the universe and everything in it using his feminine principles according to the Serer creation narrative, and the first human couple were called YAAB and YOP (female and male respectively)?
  • ...that Tiurakh is the god of wealth and success and is normally worshiped and invoked for materialistic reasons?
  • ...that The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune is the proper name for "The Battle of Somb", and although the battle was mainly religious, it also had a political and economic dimension?
The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune
a 19th century Royal War
19th century junjung of Sine
Date 18 July 1867
Location Kingdom of Sine, now part of independent Senegal
14°40′N 17°25′WSenegal
Result Serer victory
Muslim Marabout Serer people
Commanders and leaders
Maba Diakhou Bâ
(Almamy in rebellion)

Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr Diop
(King of Cayor and Baol)
Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof
(King of Sine"Maad a Sinig")

Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof
(King of Thiouthioune and uncle of Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof)
Units involved

Maba Diakhou Bâ :

Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof :

  • Buumi - Somb
  • The Great Jaraff
  • Maad Patar (King of Patar)
  • The Sandigue Ndiob
  • Maad Amad Ngoneh Joof (King of Thiouthioune)
  • Maad Semou Gallo Joof
  • Mbagne Somb Faye
  • Makhoureja Ngoneh Joof
  • Army of Sine
The Muslim Marabouts prevailed in the early hours of the battle, but the Serer army held firm. In the latter part of the battle the Marabouts were defeated. Maba Diakhou was killed and his body decapitated. Damel-Teigne Lat Dior Ngoné Latyr and Bourba Jolof Alboury Sainabou Njie fled. Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak was injured. Mama Gaolo Nyang was held prisoner.



For more Serer related topics, see Category:Serer people.

Things you can do

Related Wikimedia

Related portals

Purge server cache