Railway network map of India - schematic
Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India.
All main-line rail operations in India are handled by Indian Railways (IR), a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways. , the rail network comprises 121,407 km (75,439 mi) of track over a route of 67,368 km (41,861 mi) and 7,349 stations. It is the fourth-largest railway network in the world (after those of the United States, Russia and China). Forty nine percent of the routes are electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction while thirty-three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.
It is one of the busiest networks in the world, transporting 8.107 billion passengers and over 1.108 billion tonnes of freight annually, Indian Railways is the world's eighth largest employer, with more than 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India.
The urban rail transit systems across the country are operated independently of Indian Railways. There are currently 11 operational rapid transit (also called 'metro') systems in ten cities in India. As of November 2017, India has 425 kilometres (264 miles) of operational metro lines and 347 stations. A further 500+ km of lines are under construction.