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Introduction

Railway network map of India - schematic

Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India.

All main-line rail operations in India are handled by Indian Railways (IR), a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways. , the rail network comprises 121,407 km (75,439 mi) of track over a route of 67,368 km (41,861 mi) and 7,349 stations. It is the fourth-largest railway network in the world (after those of the United States, Russia and China). Forty nine percent of the routes are electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction while thirty-three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.

It is one of the busiest networks in the world, transporting 8.107 billion passengers and over 1.108 billion tonnes of freight annually, Indian Railways is the world's eighth largest employer, with more than 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India.

The urban rail transit systems across the country are operated independently of Indian Railways. There are currently 11 operational rapid transit (also called 'metro') systems in ten cities in India. As of November 2017, India has 425 kilometres (264 miles) of operational metro lines and 347 stations. A further 500+ km of lines are under construction.

Selected article

Churchgate station, the last stop southbound on the Western Line, during rush hour.

The Mumbai Suburban Railway (Marathi: मुंबई उपनगरीय रेल्वे) system, part of the public transport system of Mumbai, is provided for by the state-run Indian Railways' two zonal Western Railways and Central Railways. The system carries more than 6.9 million commuters on a daily basis and constitutes more than half of the total daily passenger capacity of the Indian Railways itself. It has one of the highest passenger densities of any urban railway system in the world. The trains plying on its routes are commonly referred to as local trains or simply as locals by the general populace.

The Mumbai Suburban Railway, as well as Indian Railways, are an offshoot of the first passenger railway built by the British in India in April 1853, and is also the oldest railway system in Asia. The first train ran between Mumbai and Thane, a distance of 34 km. The Bombay Railway History Group has been striving to document railway heritage along this line.

Due to the geographical spread of the population and location of business areas, the rail network is the principal mode of mass transport in Mumbai. As Mumbai's population swelled from a heavy inflow of migrants in recent decades, frequent overcrowding has become a serious issue, and numerous safety concerns have been raised over the years. A metro system and a monorail system are under construction in Mumbai to ease the travelling conditions in the Suburban network.

Selected train

Gatimaan Express

Gatimaan Express is a semi-high speed train that runs between Delhi and Agra. It operates at a maximum speed of 160 km/h (99 mph) and is currently the fastest train in India. The train takes 100 minutes to cover the 188 km (117 mi) journey from Hazrat Nizamuddin to Agra Cantt railway stations with an average speed of 112 km/h (70 mph) from 1 April 2018. The train was launched on 5 April 2016 and completed its maiden journey between Nizamuddin and Agra Cantt within 100 minutes. The train has two Executive AC Chair Car and eight AC Chair Car coaches. The train is equipped with bio-toilets, fire alarms, GPS-based passenger information system and sliding doors. The train has train hostesses for service, similar to airlines and the passengers get access to free Wi-Fi and multimedia content.

Selected engine

WAP-7
WAP7 electric loco at Gomoh, Jharkhand.jpg
WAP-7 of Gomoh Shed
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderChittaranjan Locomotive Works
Diesel Locomotive Works
Diesel-Loco Modernisation Works
Build date14 November 1998 - present
Total produced547 as of October 2018
Specifications
Gauge5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
BogiesCo-Co, Fabricated Flexicoil Mark IV bogies; bogie wheelbase 1,850 mm (72 78 in) + 1,850 mm (72 78 in)
Wheel diameter1,092 mm (43 in) new, 1,016 mm (40 in) worn
Wheelbase15,700 mm (51 ft 6 18 in)
Length:
 • Over beams20,562 mm (67 ft 5 12 in)
Width3,152 mm (10 ft 4 18 in)
Height:
 • Pantograph4,255 mm (13 ft 11 12 in)
Axle load20.5 t (20.2 long tons; 22.6 short tons)
Loco weight123 t (121 long tons; 136 short tons)
Power supply3-phase 50 Hz 415 V / 750 V
Electric system/s25 kV 50 Hz catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Traction motors6FRA 6068 3-phase squirrel-cage induction motors
850 kW (1,140 hp), 2180 V, 1283/2484 rpm, 270/310A;
Weight-2,100 kg (4,600 lb), forced-air ventilation, axle-hung, nose-suspended;
Torque 6,330–7,140 N⋅m (4,670–5,270 lbf⋅ft)
~88% efficiency.
TransmissionElectric
Gear ratio72:20
Loco brakeAir and regenerative
Train brakesAir
Performance figures
Maximum speed140 km/h (87 mph)
Power outputContinuous : 6,122 hp (4,565 kW)
Tractive effortStarting : 322 kN (72,000 lbf) Continuous : 228 kN (51,000 lbf) at 71 km/h
Career
OperatorsIndian Railways
Numbers30201 onwards
LocaleIndia
First run19 May 2000
















































Selected route

Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line
0 Howrah
116 Kharagpur
to Howrah–Chennai main line
to Adra
More information:Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
West Bengal-Jharkhand border
250 Tatanagar
to Asansol–Tatanagar line
More information:Tatanagar–Bilaspur section
312 Chakradharpur
JharkhandOdisha border
413 Rourkela
515 Jharsuguda
to Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
528 Brajarajnagar
OdishaChhattisgarh border
588 Raigarh
637 Sakti
to Korba
667 Champa
720 Bilaspur
to Katni
More information:Bilaspur–Nagpur section
767 Bhatapara
to Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
830 Raipur
867 Durg
897 Rajnandgaon
928 Dongargarh
Chhattisgarh-Maharashtra border
to Balaghat
1001 Gondia
to Bilaspur–Nagpur section
1051 Tumsar Road
1069 Bhandara Road
to Chhindwara
1131 Nagpur
to Itarsi
1207 Sevagram
to Nagpur–Hyderabad line
1210 Wardha
1239 Pulgaon
1259 Dhamangaon
1305 Badnera
1346 Murtajapur
to Secunderabad
1384 Akola Junction
to Khandwa
1421 Shegaon
1434 Jalamb
1446 Nandura
1474 Malkapur
to Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line
1524 Bhusawal
1548 Jalgaon
1641 Chalisgaon
1708 Manmad
1781 Nasik
1787 Devlali
1832 Igatpuri
1915 Kalyan
More information:Central line
Lokmanya Tilak Terminus
Kurla
1959 Dadar Central
1968 Mumbai CST

Source: Indian Railway Time Table and make my trip
















































































Selected image

Main Entrance of the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus , formerly Victoria Terminus, and better known by its abbreviation CST, is a historic railway station in Mumbai which serves as the headquarters of the Central Railways.It is the first station in India, then called Bori Bunder. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India. It is the only railway station to be a UNESCO World Heritage. The station building was designed in the Victorian Gothic style of architecture, by Axel Herman and Frederick William Stevens. It was constructed by 1888, by Frederick William Stevens at a cost of Rs.16,14,000/-(then).

Selected clip

Timelapse video of Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express, 2016

Selected station

Howrah Junction
Regional rail and Commuter rail station
Howrah Station.jpg
Howrah Station, view from Hooghly River
LocationLower Foreshore Rd, Howrah - 711101 West Bengal
India
Coordinates22°34′54″N 88°20′32″E / 22.5818°N 88.3423°E / 22.5818; 88.3423Coordinates: 22°34′54″N 88°20′32″E / 22.5818°N 88.3423°E / 22.5818; 88.3423
Elevation12 metres (39 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEastern Railway and South Eastern Railway Zone
Line(s)Howrah-Delhi main line
Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai main line
Howrah-Chennai main line
Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai main line
Platforms23
Tracks25
ConnectionsBus interchange ferry/water interchange Mainline rail interchange
Construction
Structure typeStandard (on ground station)
ParkingAvailable
Other information
StatusFunctioning
Station codeHWH
Division(s) Howrah (ER)
History
Opened1854; 165 years ago (1854)
Electrified1954; 65 years ago (1954)
Previous namesEast Indian Railway Company
Services
Preceding station   Indian Railway   Following station
Eastern Railway zoneTerminus
South Eastern Railway zoneTerminus









































Selected railway bridge

Pamban Bridge

பாம்பன் பாலம்
Rail and Road bridges, Rameswaram.jpg
Pamban bridge
Coordinates9°16′57.25″N 79°12′5.91″E / 9.2825694°N 79.2016417°E / 9.2825694; 79.2016417
CarriesRail
LocaleRameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
OwnerIndian Railways
Characteristics
Total length2,065 metres (6,775 ft)
No. of spans144
Rail characteristics
No. of tracks1
Track gaugebroad gauge
History
Construction start1911
Construction end1914
Opened1915






















Did you Know...

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway.jpg

In the News

2019 in rail transport in India

  • July 20 – The government of Andra Pradesh announces that among the eight companies that submitted proposals, Larsen & Toubro is the preferred bidder for construction of the Hyderabad Metro in India, costing a proposed Indian Rupee symbol.svg122 billion. The state and federal governments will each finance 20% of the project while Larsen & Toubro will finance the remaining 60%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. (Railway Gazette)
  • June 6 - Passengers of the Hazrat Nizamuddin-Visakhapatnam Samata Express had a narrow escape when its engine derailed near Arand railway station in Chhattisgarh, but no one was injured. Rail services through the track were affected for about five hours due to the derailment at an area between Arand and Bhimkhoj stations in Raipur section. The cause of derailment is yet to be ascertained, officials said.The Hindu


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