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Introduction

The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio syndrome, spina bifida), impaired passive range of movement, limb deficiency (e.g. amputation or dysmelia), leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, vision impairment and intellectual impairment. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held almost immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).

The Paralympics has grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948 to become one of the largest international sporting events by the early 21st century. The Paralympics has grown from 400 athletes with a disability from 23 countries in 1960 to thousands of competitors from over 100 countries in the London 2012 Games. Paralympians strive for equal treatment with non-disabled Olympic athletes, but there is a large funding gap between Olympic and Paralympic athletes.


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Ice sledge hockey game at the 2010 Winter Paralympics

The Winter Paralympic Games is an international multi-sport event, held every four years directly following the Winter Olympic Games, where athletes with physical disabilities compete. Athletes at the Games must fit the criteria for one of six disability categories established by the International Paralympic Committee.

The first Winter Paralympics, held in 1976 in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, saw over 250 athletes from 16 countries attended. To date there have been ten editions of the Winter Paralympics, the most recent being in 2010 in Vancouver; Sports contested at the those Games were alpine skiing, biathlon, cross-country skiing, wheelchair curling and ice sledge hockey.

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Theresa Goh Rui Si (Chinese: 吴蕊思; pinyin: Wú Ruǐsī, pronounced [ǔ ʐwèisɨ́]; born 16 February 1987) is a Singaporean Paralympic swimmer. Due to congenital spina bifida, she does not have use of her legs. Nonetheless, she started swimming at the age of five years, and began taking part in competitions at age 12. She soon established herself as a top competitor, winning medals at, among others, the ASEAN ParaGames (2001, 2003, 2005 and 2008), Far East and South Pacific Games Federation for the Disabled (FESPIC) Games (now known as the Asian Para Games) (2002), International Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Sports Federation (ISMWSF) World Wheelchair Games (2003), National Swimming Championships (2004), and International Paralympic Committee (IPC) World Swimming Championships (2006).

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Paralympics Task Force

  • The Paralympics Task Force is a task force that helps to assemble writers and editors interested in Paralympics related articles.
  • The aim of this project is to standardize and improve articles related to the Paralympics, as well as to create any missing articles.
  • To become a member of this Task Force (anyone may join), simply click here - and add {{user|YourUsernameHere}}
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Paralympic Games
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2020
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