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The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a public, state-related research university located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was founded as the Pittsburgh Academy in 1787 on the edge of the American frontier. It developed and was renamed as Western University of Pennsylvania by a change to its charter in 1819. After surviving two devastating fires and various relocations within the area, the school moved to its current location in the Oakland neighborhood of the city; it was renamed as the University of Pittsburgh in 1908. Pitt was a private institution until 1966 when it became part of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education.
The university is composed of 17 undergraduate and graduate schools and colleges at its urban Pittsburgh campus, home to the university's central administration and 28,766 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. The university also includes four undergraduate schools located at campuses within Western Pennsylvania: Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville. The 132-acre Pittsburgh campus has multiple contributing historic buildings of the Schenley Farms Historic District, most notably its 42-story Gothic revival centerpiece, the Cathedral of Learning. The campus is situated adjacent to the flagship medical facilities of its closely affiliated University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), as well as the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, Schenley Park, and Carnegie Mellon University.
The university has an annual operating budget of approximately $2 billion, which includes nearly $900 million in research and development expenditures. A member of the Association of American Universities, Pitt is the third-largest recipient of federally sponsored health research funding among U.S. universities in 2018 and it is a major recipient of research funding from the National Institutes of Health. It is the second-largest non-government employer in the Pittsburgh region behind UPMC. Pitt is ranked among the top research universities in the United States in both domestic and international rankings and it has been listed as a "best value" in higher education by several publications.
Pitt students have access to arts programs throughout the campus and city and can participate in over 400 student clubs and organizations. Pitt's varsity athletic teams, collectively known as the Pittsburgh Panthers, compete in Division I of the NCAA, primarily as members of the Atlantic Coast Conference.
Heinz Memorial Chapel
is a Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation
Historic Landmark and a contributing property
to the Schenley Farms Historic District
on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh
. Complete in 1938, the chapel was a gift to the university from Henry John Heinz
, founder of the H.J. Heinz Company
, in honor of his mother, as well as his three surviving children, in honor of their father. Designed by Charles Klauder
, the chapel also features 23 stained glass windows
, among the tallest stained glass windows in the world, designed by noted artist Charles Connick
, as well as iron work by Samuel Yellin
. The non-denomination chapel is used for various religious services, concerts, weddings for university affiliates, and other special university events. It is also home to the university's Heinz Chapel Choir
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On this day in Pitt history...
Samuel Pierpont Langley
(August 22, 1834, Roxbury, Massachusetts
– February 27, 1906, Aiken, South Carolina
) was an American astronomer
of the bolometer
, and pioneer of aviation
. In 1867, he became the director of the university's newly acquired Allegheny Observatory
and a professor of astronomy at the Western University of Pennsylvania
, now known as the University of Pittsburgh
, a post he kept until 1891 even while he became the third Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
in 1887. Langley was the founder of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
In 1886, Langley received the Henry Draper Medal from the National Academy of Sciences for his contributions to solar physics. His publication in 1890 of infrared observations at the Allegheny Observatory in Pittsburgh together with Frank Washington Very was used by Svante Arrhenius to make the first calculations on the greenhouse effect. Several craft and facilities have been named in his honor, including Langley Air Force Base, NASA's Langley Research Center, and the university's Langley Hall.
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