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The University of Pittsburgh (commonly referred to as Pitt) is a state-related research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was founded as the Pittsburgh Academy in 1787 on the edge of the American frontier. It developed and was renamed as Western University of Pennsylvania by a change to its charter in 1819. After surviving two devastating fires and various relocations within the area, the school moved to its current location in the Oakland neighborhood of the city; it was renamed as the University of Pittsburgh in 1908. Pitt was a private institution until 1966 when it became part of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education.

The university is composed of 17 undergraduate and graduate schools and colleges at its urban Pittsburgh campus, home to the university's central administration and 28,766 undergraduate, graduate, and professional students. The university also includes four undergraduate schools located at campuses within Western Pennsylvania: Bradford, Greensburg, Johnstown, and Titusville. The 132-acre Pittsburgh campus has multiple contributing historic buildings of the Schenley Farms Historic District, most notably its 42-story Gothic revival centerpiece, the Cathedral of Learning. The campus is situated adjacent to the flagship medical facilities of its closely affiliated University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), as well as the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, Schenley Park, and Carnegie Mellon University.

The university has an annual operating budget of approximately $2 billion. This includes nearly $940 million in research and development expenditures as of 2017, the 16th-highest in the nation. A member of the Association of American Universities, Pitt is the third-largest recipient of federally sponsored health research funding among U.S. universities in 2018 and it is a major recipient of research funding from the National Institutes of Health. It is the second-largest non-government employer in the Pittsburgh region behind UPMC. Pitt is ranked among the top research universities in the United States in both domestic and international rankings and it has been listed as a "best value" in higher education by several publications.

Pitt students have access to arts programs throughout the campus and city and can participate in over 400 student clubs and organizations. Pitt's varsity athletic teams, collectively known as the Pittsburgh Panthers, compete in Division I of the NCAA, primarily as members of the Atlantic Coast Conference.

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University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown
The University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown, also known as UPJ or Pitt Johnstown, is a four-year, degree-granting regional campus of the University of Pittsburgh. The university's wooded, 650-acre (2.6 km2) campus is located just outside Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Founded in 1927, UPJ was one of first the regional campuses of a major university in the United States. Offers a Bachelor of Arts and a Bachelor of Science degrees in more than 40 areas, UPJ is ranked as the 28th best baccalaureate college in the North and the eighth best public baccalaureate college in the North by U.S. News & World Report in its "America's Best Colleges 2010" annual college guide. UPJ is also listed among the "Best Colleges in the Northeastern Region" by The Princeton Review. Athletic teams at Pitt Johnstown compete in NCAA Division II as the "Mountain Cats".
Denise Frawley was a two-time Honorable Mention All-American, 1987 Big East Conference Player of the Year, and 1988 Big East Tournament MVP for Pitt
Pittsburgh Panthers volleyball is the NCAA Division I intercollegiate women's volleyball program of the University of Pittsburgh, often referred to as "Pitt". The Pitt volleyball team competes in the Atlantic Coast Conference and plays their home games in Fitzgerald Field House. Since the founding of the volleyball program in 1974, the Panthers have had one of the nation's top all-time winning percentages, appearances in 17 national championship tournaments, eleven conference tournament championships, eight regular season conference championships, .

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On this day in Pitt history...

  • (1993) University of Pittsburgh and Duquesne University alumnus and Pittsburgh native, Samuel John Hazo is named Pennsylvania's first official poet laureate.

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CoLCommonsRoom.jpg
Photo credit: r-z
Vaulting in the Commons Room of the Cathedral of Learning

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Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937) was an banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. Born in Pittsburgh, he was educated at the Western University of Pennsylvania (renamed the University of Pittsburgh in 1908). Mellon joined his father's banking firm, T. Mellon & Sons, two years later and had ownership of the bank transferred to him in 1882. He also helped organize the Union Trust Company and Union Savings Bank of Pittsburgh and branched into industrial activities including oil, steel, shipbuilding, and construction. His backing helped found several companies and entire industries. Mellon eventually became one of the wealthiest people in the United States. In the mid 1920s, he was the third highest income tax payer in the U.S. behind only John D. Rockefeller and Henry Ford. Mellon was appointed Secretary of the Treasury by new President Warren G. Harding in 1921. He served for ten years and eleven months; the third-longest tenure of a Secretary of the Treasury. His service continued through the Coolidge administration and most of the Hoover administration. During his retirement years, as he had done in earlier years, Mellon was an active philanthropist, and gave generously of his private fortune to support art and research causes which included establishing the Mellon Institute for Industrial Research and becoming a major benefactor of his alma mater, by then renamed to the University of Pittsburgh. In 1937, he donated his substantial art collection, plus $10 million for construction, to establish the National Gallery of Art on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The Gallery was authorized in 1937 by Congress.

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