The History of Ottawa
, capital of Canada
, was shaped by events such as the construction of the Rideau Canal
, the lumber industry, the choice of Ottawa as the location of Canada's capital, as well as American and European influences and interactions. By 1914, Ottawa's population had surpassed 100,000 and today it is the capital of a G7 country whose metropolitan population exceeds one million.
From earliest times, Algonquin people have portaged through the waterways of both the Ottawa River and the Rideau River while passing through the area. French explorer Étienne Brûlé was credited as the first European to see the Chaudière Falls in 1610, and he too had to portage past them to get further inland. No settlement occurred until the early 1800s after early Gatineau was founded near the falls, but across the Ottawa River from Ottawa.