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Ottawa (/ˈɒtəwə/ (About this soundlisten), /ˈɒtəwɑː/; French pronunciation: ​[ɔtawa]) is the capital of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; the two form the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). As of June 16, 2019, Ottawa has a city population of 1,000,000, and as of 2016 has a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown, and incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of which is derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade".

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Ottawa Hockey Club Champions 1927.jpg
The Ottawa Senators are a professional ice hockey team based in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. They are members of the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The Senators play their home games at the 19,153 seat (20,500 capacity) Scotiabank Place (originally named the 'Palladium', and later the 'Corel Centre') which they opened in 1996.

The original Ottawa Senators, founded in 1883, had a famed history, winning 11 Stanley Cups and playing in the NHL from 1917 until 1934. On December 6, 1990, after a two year public campaign by Bruce Firestone, the NHL awarded a new franchise, which began play in the 1992–93 season. The club played most of four seasons in the small 10,000 seat Ottawa Civic Centre and finished last in the league in all four seasons. Since then, the team has had some success, qualifying for the Stanley Cup playoffs in twelve of the past thirteen seasons, four division titles, the Presidents' Trophy in 2003 and appeared in the 2007 Stanley Cup Finals.

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John By.jpg
Lieutenant-Colonel John By (7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and, in the process, founding what would become the city of Ottawa. The resulting settlement, called Bytown in his honour, would later become famous under the new name of Ottawa.

Born in Lambeth in London, England in 1779, By studied at the Royal Military Academy. He was commissioned in the Royal Artillery on 1 August 1799 but transferred to the Royal Engineers on 20 December the same year.

In 1802 he was posted to Canada for the first time, where he worked on the fortification of Quebec City and on improving the navigability of the Saint Lawrence River.

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  • ...that in August 1959, a U.S. Air Force Lockheed F-104 Starfighter performed a low fly-by of the Ottawa Airport during celebration of the opening of a new terminal accidentally went supersonic, causing windows and parts of the walls of the new terminal to shatter, delaying the opening of the terminal for 4 more months?

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Ottawa in the fall - (left to right) - above the Ottawa River: Alexandra Bridge | glass section of the National Gallery of Canada | Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel (pale building with turrets) | Rideau Canal Locks | Parliament Hill – Parliament of Canada Building | Library of Parliament (round shaped) | Peace Tower | downtown buildings, offices | Ottawa Marriott Hotel (circular roof structure) | The Supreme Court of Canada Building (above trees, grey with black roof) | Library and Archives Canada (last large white building)

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