Nickelodeon (often shortened to Nick) is an American pay television network which was launched on December 1, 1977, as the first cable channel for children. It is owned by Viacom through its Viacom Media Networks division's Nickelodeon Group unit and is based in New York City. It broadcasts usually from 7:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m. on weekdays (the sign off time varies with holidays and special programming), Saturdays from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., and Sundays from 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time). It is primarily aimed at children and adolescents aged 2–17.
The channel was originally first tested as Pinwheel on December 1, 1977. Pinwheel was at the time only available on QUBE, which was the first two-way major market interactive cable television system, owned by Warner Cable. Pinwheel relaunched as "Nick" on April 1, 1979, and expanded to other cable providers nationwide. It was initially commercial-free and remained without advertising until 1984. Warner sold Nickelodeon, along with its sister networks MTV and VH1, to Viacom in 1986.
Nick at Nite (stylized as nick@nite) is the nighttime programming block that broadcasts over the channel space of Nickelodeon on Sunday through Thursdays from 8 p.m.-7 a.m., Fridays from 9 p.m.-6 a.m. and Saturdays from 10 p.m.-6 a.m. (Eastern and Pacific Time). Though it shares channel space with Nickelodeon, A.C. Nielsen Co. rates Nick at Nite as a separate channel from Nickelodeon for ratings purposes. Since Nick at Nite and Nickelodeon are commonly considered as two individual channels that share the same channel space, the two services are sometimes referred to under the collective name "Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite". Nickelodeon is known for its children's programs during the day, while Nick at Nite appeals to adult and/or adolescent audiences with a lineup of mainly live-action sitcom reruns. However because Nick at Nite shares channel space with Nickelodeon (paralleling Cartoon Network and Adult Swim), some of Nick at Nite's viewer base is younger than 18 years of age, and unlike Adult Swim, the content on Nick at Nite (though looser in regards to profanity and suggestive dialogue compared to Nickelodeon) is not as raunchy and less violent, encouraging a crossover audience between it and Nickelodeon.
- November 23, 2012: iCarly concludes after seven seasons, with the final episode attracted 6.4 million viewers. Zap2it
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