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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA /ˈnæsə/) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

NASA was established in 1958, succeeding the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, and later the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles. The agency is also responsible for the Launch Services Program which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA launches.

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In the news

10 December 2018 –
NASA announces that Voyager 2 entered into the interstellar medium after exiting the heliosphere on November 5. (NASA)
3 December 2018 – 2018 in spaceflight
NASA's space probe OSIRIS-REx arrives at the asteroid Bennu. (The New York Times)
Soyuz MS-11 successfully launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan carrying Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, NASA astronaut Anne McClain, and CSA astronaut David Saint-Jacques for Expedition 58 to the International Space Station. (CBC)
26 November 2018 – Exploration of Mars
The NASA robotic lander InSight lands safely on the Elysium Planitia plain of Mars to study the geology of the red planet. (NASA)
19 November 2018 – Exploration of Mars
NASA selects Jezero crater on Mars as the landing site for the Mars 2020 rover. The crater was once a large lake and may hold evidence of ancient life. (BBC)
8 November 2018 – 2018 in science
NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory confirms earlier observations by Indian Space Research Organisation's Astrosat space observatory of a rotating black hole in the binary star system 4U1630-47, which is spinning close to the speed of light, one of the fastest ever observed. (India Today) (Metro)


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  1. ^ Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2018). "What Was the U.S. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved January 5, 2018. United States Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth series.