Commander James Bond, also known as 007, is a fictional British secret service agent created by journalist, naval officer and author Ian Fleming, for the debut novel Casino Royale in 1953. He is the main protagonist of the James Bond series of novels, which consists of twelve novels and two short story collections published between 1953 and 1966, although the last two books—The Man with the Golden Gun and Octopussy and The Living Daylights—were published posthumously. Following Ian Fleming's death in 1964, many continuation novels or novelizations by Kingsley Amis, Christopher Wood, John Gardner, Raymond Benson, Sebastian Faulks and Jeffery Deaver were published; a series of Young Bond novels has also been written by Charlie Higson.
Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman's Eon Productions started a series of Bond film in 1962, with the release of Dr. No. Since then the Bond series has become one of the most successful and lucrative in the film industry spanning 24 films. There have also been two films produced by independent companies and one television adaptation. Seven actors have portrayed agent 007 on film: Sean Connery, David Niven, George Lazenby, Roger Moore, Timothy Dalton, Pierce Brosnan and Daniel Craig; he was also portrayed by Barry Nelson in the 1954 television adaptation Casino Royale.
In addition to novels and films, Bond is a prominent character in many comic strips and computer and video games and has been the subject of many parodies.
is the third novel
by British author Ian Fleming
featuring the fictional British Secret Service agent Commander James Bond
. The book was first published by Jonathan Cape
on 5 April 1955, bearing a cover based on Fleming's own concept. Set completely in England, the story has two halves: the first concerns a battle over a game of bridge
in London's clubland between Bond and industrialist Sir Hugo Drax
, while the second follows Bond's mission to stop Drax from destroying London with a nuclear weapon. The book played on a number of fears of the 1950s, including the V-2 rocket
, the re-emergence of Nazism
, the menace of Soviet communism
and the 'threat from within'.
There have been a number of adaptations of Moonraker, including a broadcast on South African radio in 1956 starring Bob Holness and a comic strip that appeared in the Daily Express in 1958. The novel's name was also used in 1979 for the eleventh official film in the Eon Productions Bond franchise and the fourth to star Roger Moore as James Bond. However, the story for the film was significantly changed from the novel so as to include excursions into space.
Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie
(born August 16, 1958) is an American pop singer-songwriter
. She is known for the use of sexual, social and religious themes in her work and has been nicknamed the "Material Girl" and "Queen Of Pop" by the media
Since her debut in 1982, Madonna has released many chart-topping albums and singles, and has sold more than 200 million albums worldwide. In 2002, she released the title song "Die Another Day" to the 20th James Bond film, in which she had a brief cameo role. It reached number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 and was nominated for both a Golden Globe for Best Original Song and a Golden Raspberry for Worst Song.
According to both the 2007 Guinness Book of Records and Forbes, she is the top earning female singer in the world. In 2001, the Guinness Book of World Records listed Madonna as the "World’s Most-successful Female Musician". In 2005, she equalled Elvis Presley's record of 36 top 10 hits, the most for any artist in the history of the Billboard Hot 100 charts. RIAA named her the Best Selling Female Rock Artist of the twentieth century. On March 10, 2008, she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- 4 December - 24th film announced, titled Spectre
- 26 October - "Spectre" is released in the United Kingdom.
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