Hunger relief is a field of human activity aimed at eliminating chronic hunger and malnutrition. As of 2012, the United Nations's Food and Agriculture Organization reported that about 870 million people globally are suffering from severe hunger. Millions more suffer from food insecurity, including in the advanced economies of Europe and the United States. In September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals were approved, which include a goal to eliminate hunger and achieve food security. Many organizations have started initiatives aiming to achieve the goals by 2025.
Various methods are used to relieve hunger, including directly supplying the hungry with food; helping to develop people's abilities to grow or otherwise secure their own food; helping to develop related secondary skills such as budgeting; advocating and implementing economic reforms to improve the availability of affordable and healthy food in the marketplace.
Tens of thousands of organisations are engaged in hunger-relief efforts. For some, such as governments, corporations and religious groups, hunger relief is not their primary focus. Other organisations are dedicated to helping the hungry: these range from grass-roots local establishments such as independent soup kitchens, to multilateral agencies operating as part of the UN, such as the FAO or the World Food Programme. Many of these organisations are connected by a web of national and international alliances. For example, in the United States, Feeding America comprises a nationwide network of 200 food banks who distribute 4 billion meals through 60,000 local hunger-relief agencies. In addition, The Alliance to End Hunger is another national group with many smaller member groups, and is itself a member of several larger international groups, including the international civil society group Stop Hunger Now and the UN's Alliance Against Hunger and Malnutrition.