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Hellenismos Portal

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laurel wreath, an Olympics and Hellenism symbol

Hellenism (Greek: Hellenismos) or the Hellenic Ethnic Religion (Greek: Ελληνική Εθνική Θρησκεία), also Greek polytheism, Olympianism/Dodekatheism (Greek: Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), is the Olympian-based Hellenic (Greek) religion and philosophy of modern times. Hellenism as a term was first used in the fourth century by Roman Emperor Julian the Philosopher to reference the Greek religion, and today it includes its continuation. Practitioners are found in the modern Greece and throughout the world.

Lambda was used by the Spartan army as a symbol of Lacedaemon.

Hellenism is the mythology, philosophy, theology, and religion of the Greek gods, such as Dodecatheism, the Eleusinian mysteries, the Delphic mysteries, Hermetism, the Dionysian mysteries, Orphism, as well as ancient & Classical Greek philosophy such as Pythagoreanism, the Ephesian school, the Pluralist school, the Atomist school, the Milesian school, the Eleatic school, other pre-Socratic philosophy, Platonism and the Peripatetic school, Neopythagoreanism & Neoplatonism, Skepticism and Stoicism and other Hellenistic philosophy in the Hellenistic world, such as Gnosticism, from ancient times to the present day.

Torch: symbol of enlightenment, and additionally in Hellenism: of wisdom and either life or death
The Vergina Sun, as depicted on the Golden Larnax's top. A Hellenism symbol

Important ancient or classical Greek teachers, writers, and prophets include Hermes Trismegistus, the Pythia and Sibyl, Hesiod, Apollodorus, Homer, Apollonius of Rhodes, Creophylus of Samos, Orpheus of Pimplea, Thales, Anaximander, Pherecydes of Syros, Xenophanes, Pythagoras of Samos, Heraclitus, the seven sages of Greece, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Euclid of Megara, Pyrrho, Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus, and Hypatia of Alexandria, among others.

Selected article

Raphael's School of Athens, depicting an array of ancient Greek philosophers engaged in discussion.]]
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BCE and continued through the Hellenistic period, at which point Ancient Greece was incorporated in the Roman Empire. It dealt with a wide variety of subjects, including political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology, logic, biology, rhetoric, and aesthetics.

Many philosophers today maintain that Greek philosophy has influenced much of Western thought since its inception. Alfred Whitehead once noted: "The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."[1] Clear, unbroken lines of influence lead from ancient Greek and Hellenistic philosophers, to medieval Islamic philosophers, to the European Renaissance and Enlightenment.

Some claim that Greek philosophy, in turn, was influenced by the older wisdom literature and mythological cosmogonies of the ancient Near East. Martin Litchfield West gives qualified assent to this view, stating, "contact with oriental cosmology and theology helped to liberate the early Greek philosophers' imagination; it certainly gave them many suggestive ideas. But they taught themselves to reason. Philosophy as we understand it is a Greek creation."[2]

Subsequent philosophic tradition was so influenced by Socrates as presented by Plato that it is conventional to refer to ancient Greek philosophy prior to Socrates as pre-Socratic philosophy. The period following this until the wars of Alexander the Great is referred to as classical Greek philosophy, followed by Hellenistic philosophy.

Selected biography

Ammonius Saccas (3rd century AD) (Ancient Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who was often referred to as one of the founders of Neoplatonism. He is mainly known as the teacher of Plotinus, whom he taught for eleven years from 232 to 243. He was undoubtably the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Neoplatonism, although little is known about his own philosophical views. Later Christian writers stated that Ammonius was a Christian, but it is now generally assumed that there was a different Ammonius of Alexandria who wrote biblical texts.

In the news

Hellenism's main news source from Greece: YSEE (translated to English)

Selected picture

Pergamonmuseum - Antikensammlung - Pergamonaltar 37.JPG
Credit: Claus Ableiter

Rhea rides on a lion, Pergamon Altar, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.

Did you know?

Pythagoras studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel. He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.

Categories

Topics

Basic: GreeceGreek cultureGreek language & alphabet

Ancient thought/literature: TheogonyWorks And DaysTitansTitanomachyThe LibraryMount OlympusTwelve OlympiansHermetismDelphic MaximsArgonauticaOrphic & Homeric HymnsEpic cycle

Ancient religious traditions: amphidromiaiatromantislibationsorthopraxyvotive offerings

Ancient places, events: Athens & Agora & Acropolis & Parthenon & Democracy & Battle of SalamisSparta & Timocracy & Battle of ThermopylaeDelphi & Pythia & SibylThebesGreek templesancient persecution of HellenismGreek War of Independence

Ancient thinkers & ideas: Hermes TrismegistusThalesPythagorasEuclidArchimedesSocrates & Plato & AristotleAmmonius SaccasPlotinusHypatiaphilosophysciencelogicmathematicsliberal artsdramapoliticsRepublic

Great ancient leaders: PericlesLeonidasThemistoclesAlexander The Great

Great ancient playwrights: Sophocles

Great ancient sculptors: PolykleitosLysipposScopasPhidias

Modern reconstruction movement: Hellenism (religion)EllinaisHellenionSupreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes

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Classical Greece and RomePhilosophyScienceSpiritualityMythologyEgyptian religion (Hermes-Thoth) • Neopaganism (for those who mythology and hymns are new to)

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  1. ^ Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality, Chap. I, Sect. I
  2. ^ Griffin, Jasper; Boardman, John; Murray, Oswyn (2001). The Oxford history of Greece and the Hellenistic world. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-19-280137-6. 

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