Open main menu

Portal:Hellenism (religion)

  (Redirected from Portal:Hellenismos)


Hellenism Portal

Introduction

Symbol used by Hellenism followers.

Hellenism (Greek: Ἑλληνισμός, Ἑllēnismós), the Hellenic ethnic religion (Ἑλληνικὴ ἐθνική θρησκεία), also commonly known as Hellenismos, Hellenic Polytheism, Dodekatheism (Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), or Olympianism (Ὀλυμπιανισμός), comprises various religious movements that revive or reconstruct ancient Greek religious practices, which have publicly emerged since the 1990s.

The Hellenic religion is a traditional religion and way of life, revolving around the Greek Gods, primarily focused on the Twelve Olympians, and embracing ancient Hellenic values and virtues.

In 2017, Hellenism was legally recognized as a "known religion" in Greece, granting it certain religious freedoms in that country, including the freedom to open houses of worship and for clergy to officiate weddings.

Selected article

Selected biography

Bust of Pythagoras of Samos in the Capitoline Museums, Rome
Pythagoras of Samos (Ancient Greek: Ὁ Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος, romanizedHo Pythagóras ho Sámios, lit. 'Pythagoras the Samian', or simply Ὁ Πυθαγόρας; c. 570–c. 495 BC[1]) was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries after he lived, so very little reliable information is known about him. He was born on the island of Samos, and might have travelled widely in his youth, visiting Egypt and other places seeking knowledge. He had a teacher named Themistoclea, who introduced him to the principles of ethics.[2][3] Around 530 BC, he moved to Croton, a Greek colony in southern Italy, and there set up a religious sect. His followers pursued the religious rites and practices developed by Pythagoras, and studied his philosophical theories. The society took an active role in the politics of Croton, but this eventually led to their downfall. The Pythagorean meeting-places were burned, and Pythagoras was forced to flee the city. He is said to have ended his days in Metapontum.

Pythagoras made influential contributions to philosophy and religious teaching in the late 6th century BC. He is often revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist, but he is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name. However, because legend and obfuscation cloud his work even more than with the other pre-Socratic philosophers, one can give account of his teachings to a little extent, and some have questioned whether he contributed much to mathematics and natural philosophy. Many of the accomplishments credited to Pythagoras may actually have been accomplishments of his colleagues and successors. Whether or not his disciples believed that everything was related to mathematics and that numbers were the ultimate reality is unknown. It was said that he was the first man to call himself a philosopher, or lover of wisdom,[4] and Pythagorean ideas exercised a marked influence on Plato, and through him, all of Western philosophy.

In the news

Hellenism's main news source from Greece: YSEE (translated to English)

Selected image

Chronos,sleeping on Wolff grave-ME fec.jpg
Credit: Mutter Erde

Chronos, sleeping on Georg Wolff's grave

Did you know?

Pythagoras studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel. He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.

Subcategories

Topics

Basic: GreeceGreek cultureGreek language & alphabet

Ancient thought/literature: TheogonyWorks And DaysTitansTitanomachyThe LibraryMount OlympusTwelve OlympiansHermetismDelphic MaximsArgonauticaOrphic & Homeric HymnsEpic cycle

Ancient religious traditions: amphidromiaiatromantislibationsorthopraxyvotive offerings

Ancient places, events: Athens & Agora & Acropolis & Parthenon & Democracy & Battle of SalamisSparta & Timocracy & Battle of ThermopylaeDelphi & Pythia & SibylThebesGreek templesancient persecution of HellenismGreek War of Independence

Ancient thinkers & ideas: Hermes TrismegistusThalesPythagorasEuclidArchimedesSocrates & Plato & AristotleAmmonius SaccasPlotinusHypatiaphilosophysciencelogicmathematicsliberal artsdramapoliticsRepublic

Great ancient leaders: PericlesLeonidasThemistoclesAlexander The Great

Great ancient playwrights: Sophocles

Great ancient sculptors: PolykleitosLysipposScopasPhidias

Modern reconstruction movement: Hellenism (religion)EllinaisHellenionSupreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes

Related portals

WikiProjects

Wikiprojects related to the Greece project

Classical Greece and RomePhilosophyScienceSpiritualityMythologyEgyptian religion (Hermes-Thoth) • Neopaganism (for those who mythology and hymns are new to)

Things to do

Make a wikiproject Hellenismos and a Hermetism portal. Make a wiki page explaining how to do 'selected articles/biographies, pictures.'

Add more info on texts, sects, calendar, rituals, prayers, relevant persons, culture including all the arts.

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database


  1. ^ "The dates of his life cannot be fixed exactly, but assuming the approximate correctness of the statement of Aristoxenus (ap. Porph. V.P. 9) that he left Samos to escape the tyranny of Polycrates at the age of forty, we may put his birth round about 570 BC, or a few years earlier. The length of his life was variously estimated in antiquity, but it is agreed that he lived to a fairly ripe old age, and most probably he died at about seventy-five or eighty." William Keith Chambers Guthrie, (1978), A history of Greek philosophy, Volume 1: The earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans, page 173. Cambridge University Press
  2. ^ Mary Ellen Waithe, Ancient women philosophers, 600 B.C.–500 A.D., p. 11
  3. ^ Malone, John C. (30 June 2009). Psychology: Pythagoras to present. MIT Press. p. 22. ISBN 9780262012966. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
  4. ^ Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 5.3.8–9 = Heraclides Ponticus fr. 88 Wehrli, Diogenes Laërtius 1.12, 8.8, Iamblichus VP 58. Burkert attempted to discredit this ancient tradition, but it has been defended by C.J. De Vogel, Pythagoras and Early Pythagoreanism (1966), pp. 97–102, and C. Riedweg, Pythagoras: His Life, Teaching, And Influence (2005), p. 92.

Purge server cache