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Introduction

Daniele Hypólito on the balance beam at the 2007 Pan American Games

Gymnastics is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills

The most common form of competitive gymnastics is artistic gymnastics which consists of (for girls) floor, vault, beam and uneven bars. For boys they have floor, vault, rings, pommel, parallel bars and horizontal bar.

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Elizabeth Paisieva performing with a ribbon
Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport in which single competitors or pairs, trios or even more (generally five) manipulate one or two apparatuses: rope, hoop, ball, clubs and ribbon. Rhythmic Gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, theatrical dance, and apparatus manipulation. The victor is the participant who earns the most points, as awarded by a panel of judges, for leaps, balances, pivots, flexibility, apparatus handling, and artistic effect.

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McKayla Maroney
McKayla Rose Maroney (born December 9, 1995) is an American artistic gymnast. Born in Aliso Viejo, California, Maroney started gymnastics at the age of two. She began her senior career in 2011, and in that year's World Championships, she won gold medals in the team and vault competitions. Maroney was then a member of the Fierce Five, the U.S. women's gymnastics team that won the gold medal at the 2012 Summer Olympics. Later in the Olympic Games, she won the silver medal on vault; her "not impressed" face on the medal podium was photographed and became an Internet meme.

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