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The Federal Government of the United States (U.S. Federal Government) is the national government of the United States, a federal republic in North America, composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and several island possessions. The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.

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Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States armed forces. Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president and charges him with the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Since the founding of the United States, the power of the president and the federal government have substantially grown and each modern president, despite possessing no formal legislative powers beyond signing or vetoing congressionally passed bills, is largely responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of his party and the foreign and domestic policy of the United States. The president is frequently described as the most powerful person in the world. The president is elected through the Electoral College to a four-year term. Since 1951, presidents have been limited to two terms by the Twenty-second Amendment. In all, 44 individuals have served 56 four-year terms. On January 20, 2017, Donald Trump became the forty-fifth and current President.

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LOC Main Reading Room Highsmith.jpg
The reading room of the Library of Congress
Photo credit: Carol M. Highsmith

Current Administration

Obama Administration activity

In the news

19 April 2019 – 2019 Western Libya offensive, Libya–United States relations
The White House says President Donald Trump has spoken to Libyan Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar about recent developments in Libya. During the call, Trump recognised Haftar's efforts to combat Islamic terrorism and secure Libya's oil reserves. (BBC)
18 April 2019 – Special Counsel investigation (2017–2019), Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections
The redacted version of the report by Special Counsel Robert Mueller is released by U.S. Attorney General William Barr. The investigation did not find any conspiracy between President Donald Trump and the Russian government regarding the accusation that they collaborated to win the 2016 presidential election. The report did not rule out if the Trump administration committed obstruction of justice. The Department of Justice also stated some members of Congress will receive a less-redacted version of the report in the near future. (The New York Times) (USA Today)
16 April 2019 – Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Saudi Arabia–United States relations
U.S. President Donald Trump vetoes a Congressional resolution that sought to end U.S. support for Saudi Arabia's military intervention in Yemen. (Reuters)
15 April 2019 – 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries, Bill Weld 2020 presidential campaign
Former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld announces he is running for the Republican Party's nomination to be President of the United States in the 2020 presidential election, the first Republican to officially challenge incumbent President Donald Trump. (CNN)
11 April 2019 –
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange is arrested in London after Ecuador withdraws asylum. He is later found guilty of breaching bail in 2012 by a British court, however he faces likely extradition to the United States over allegations he conspired with former US military analyst Chelsea Manning to acquire classified U.S. government files. (The Guardian)
8 April 2019 – Trump administration dismissals and resignations
U.S. President Donald Trump terminates the employment of Randolph Alles, the Director of the United States Secret Service. (CNN)

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Supreme Court cases

Lower courts


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