Map of the divisions of Fiji.
is divided administratively into four divisions
, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces
; the self-governing island of Rotuma
and its dependencies lie outside any of the four divisions. Each division is headed by a Commissioner,
appointed by the Fijian government. The divisions are basically agglomerations of provinces and have few administrative functions of their own, but serve to foster cooperation among the member provinces for providing services. Each province has a provincial council
which may make bylaws and impose rates (local taxes), subject to the approval of the Fijian Affairs Board
, a government department. The board must also approve the appointment of the Roko Tui,
or executive head of the provincial council, who is usually a high chief
, although in recent years, commoners have sometimes been chosen.
The provinces used to have direct input into national affairs through the Great Council of Chiefs
and the Senate
. The Great Council of Chiefs was a traditional body which advised the government on indigenous affairs and also functioned as an electoral college
to elect the President
; 42 of the 55 members of the Great Council were chosen by the provincial councils, three from each province. In addition, 14 of the 32 members of the Senate, the upper house of the Fijian Parliament
, were chosen by the provincial councils (one Senator each) and confirmed by the Great Council of Chiefs. The Military
-backed interim government that seized power in a military coup
on 5 December 2006 formally abolished the Great Council of Chiefs in 2012, and the 2013 Constitution
promulgated by the regime similarly abolished the Senate. This effectively ended provincial input into national government affairs. Read more...