Open main menu

Wikipedia β


The Fascism Portal

The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, physical training, and sometimes eugenics. Such a state is led by a strong leader—such as a dictator and a martial government composed of the members of the governing fascist party—to forge national unity and maintain a stable and orderly society. Fascism rejects assertions that violence is automatically negative in nature and views political violence, war and imperialism as means that can achieve national rejuvenation. Fascists advocate a mixed economy, with the principal goal of achieving autarky through protectionist and interventionist economic policies. Frequently, fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture. The limiting of the spectrum of acceptable opinion includes the aggressive suppression of dissent.

Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism. Neo-fascism usually includes ultranationalism, populism, anti-immigration policies or, where relevant, nativism, anti-communism, anti-socialism, anti-Marxism, anti-anarchism and opposition to the parliamentary system and liberal democracy. Allegations that a group is neo-fascist may be hotly contested, especially if the term is used as a political epithet. Some post–World War II regimes have been described as neo-fascist due to their authoritarian nature, and sometimes due to their fascination with and sympathy towards fascist ideology and rituals.

Selected article

The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right and whites-only political party in the United Kingdom. The party is not represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. According to its constitution, the BNP is "committed to stemming and reversing the tide of non-white immigration and to restoring, by legal changes, negotiation and consent the overwhelmingly white makeup of the British population that existed in Britain prior to 1948." The BNP also proposes "firm but voluntary incentives for immigrants and their descendants to return home." The BNP asserts that there are biological racial differences that determine the behaviour and character of individuals of different races, although it also claims that it does not regard whites as superior to other ethnic groups. The party claims that preference for one's own ethnicity is a part of human nature. Historically, under John Tyndall's leadership, the BNP was overtly anti-Semitic; however, under the leadership of Nick Griffin the party has members with Jewish ancestry and has tried to win Jewish votes. The party has said that it does not consider the Hindu or Sikh religions to have a significantly detrimental or threatening effect, although it does not accept practising Sikhs or Hindus as culturally or ethnically British.

Selected image

Libyan rebel leader Omar Muktar under arrest by Italian colonial forces in Libya.

Cyrenaican rebel leader Omar Mukhtar (the man in robes with a chain on his left arm) after his arrest by Italian armed forces in 1931 at the end of the Pacification of Libya, an Italian colonial campaign of repressing indigeneous Libyan resistance to Italian colonial rule that occurred from 1928 to 1932. Fascist Italy authorized the use of concentration camps, deliberate targetting of civilians, and ethnic cleansing, resulting in mass deaths of the population of the region of Cyrenaica in Libya. Fascist Italy's ethnic cleansing in Libya was aimed at allowing Italian settlers to take the territories and property formerly held by indigenous Libyans.

Selected quote

Benito Mussolini

Things you can do

Things you can do Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of fascism on Wikipedia!

  • If you would like to help maintain the fascism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit WikiProject Fascism, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve fascism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

Templates

News

Did you know...

Vemork Hydroelectric Plant 1935.jpg

Categories

WikiProjects

Related featured content

Featured article star.png

Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland (1939) · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation until 1941 · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

Featured lists: List of German World War II jet aces · List of Knight's Cross recipients · List of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Kriegsmarine · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Schnellboot service · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the U-boat service

Featured portals: Politics · World War II

Featured pictures: Buchenwald concentration camp · Crying Sudeten woman saluting · Hitler and Mussolini · Hitler and Mussolini by Eva Braun · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Nazi campaign poster · Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Wikispecies 
Species

Purge server cache