Clothing in history
, showing (from top) Egyptians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Franks, and 13th through 15th century Europeans.
Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) is a collective term for items worn on the body. Clothing is typically made of fabrics or textiles but over time has included garments made from animal skin or other thin sheets of materials put together. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on gender, body type, social, and geographic considerations.
Clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements, rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions, and they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation.
(24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer
, artist, writer, and socialist
associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
and the English Arts and Crafts Movement
Born at Walthamstow near London, Morris was educated at Oxford University, where he met his life-long friend and collaborator, the artist Edward Burne-Jones. In 1856, Morris became an apprentice to Gothic revival architect G. E. Street. That same year he founded the "Oxford and Cambridge Magazine", an outlet for his poetry and a forum for development of his theories of hand-craftsmanship in the decorative arts. In 1861, Morris founded a design firm in partnership with Burne-Jones, the architect Philip Webb and the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti which had a profound impact on the decoration of churches and houses into the early 20th century. Morris's chief contribution was as a designer of repeating patterns for wallpapers and textiles, many based on a close observation of nature. Morris was also responsible for the resurgence of traditional textile arts and methods of production.
Did you know...
The Silk Road
, or Silk Route
, is a series of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting East and West Asia by linking traders, merchants, pilgrims
, soldiers, nomads
and urban dwellers from China
to the Mediterranean Sea
during various periods of time. The trade route was initiated around 114 BC by the Han Dynasty
(114 BC), although earlier trade across the continents had already existed. Geographically, the Silk Road or Silk Route is an interconnected series of ancient trade routes connecting Chang'an
) in China
, with Asia Minor
and the Mediterranean
, extending over 8,000 km (5,000 miles) on land and sea. Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the great civilizations
, Indian subcontinent
, and Rome
, and helped to lay the foundations for the modern world. The first person who used the terms "Seidenstraße" and "Seidenstraßen" or "Silk Road(s)" and "Silk Route(s)", was the German
geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen
File:17th century Central Tibeten thanka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, Rubin Museum of Art.jpg
Select [►] to view subcategories
Select [►] to view subcategories
Things you can do
Here are some tasks awaiting attention:
- Article requests : Japanese embroidery, Care label (or laundry tag), Crocodile leather, Argentella, Battenberg (lace) (see Ostrich leather for example)
- Assess : Rate unassessed articles for quality and importance
- Cleanup : Tassel, Burlap, or One of the articles in our cleanup list
- Copyedit : History of knitting, Drawn thread work
- Expand : History of textiles and clothing, Casting on (knitting)
- Photo : Hairpin lace, Point de Gaze, Buratto, Youghal lace, Hollie Point
- Stubs : Afghan blanket, Emilie Bach, Candlewicking, Dip stitch (knitting), Elongated stitch (knitting), More stubs...
- Verify : Clothing, Ply, Bobbinet, Braid, Canvas, Cardigan (sweater), Cotton-spinning machinery, Crocheted lace, Damask, Distaff, Dobby loom, Drawn thread work, Dyeing, Hemline, Ikat, Lace, Natural fiber, Neckline, Oilskin, Overlock, Machine embroidery
- Other : Help find and upload Requested pictures