Fort Edward is a National Historic Site of Canada in Windsor, Nova Scotia, Canada (formerly known as Pisiguit) and was built during Father Le Loutre's War. The British built the fort to help prevent the Acadian Exodus from the region. The Fort is most famous for the role it played both in the Expulsion of the Acadians (1755) and in protecting Halifax, Nova Scotia from a land assault in the American Revolution. While much of Fort Edward, including the officers quarters (burned down 1922) and barracks, has been destroyed, the blockhouse that remains is the oldest in North America. A cairn was later added to the site.
During World War I, it was utilized as a training depot for Canadian and British soldiers. The site became known locally (but not officially) as "Camp Fort Edward" for the duration of the war. Among the recruits passing through the camp was the ill-fated Hollywood film director William Desmond Taylor. The fort was designated a National Historic Site in 1920. The blockhouse was additionally designated a Classified Federal Heritage Building in 1994.
The Invasion of Canada
in 1775 was the first major military initiative by the newly-formed Continental Army
during the American Revolutionary War
. The objective of the campaign was to gain military control of the British Province of Quebec
, and convince the French-speaking Canadiens
to join the revolution on the side of the Thirteen Colonies
. One expedition left Fort Ticonderoga
under Richard Montgomery
, besieged and captured Fort St. Johns
, and very nearly captured British General Guy Carleton
when taking Montreal
. The other expedition left Cambridge, Massachusetts
under Benedict Arnold
, and traveled with great difficulty through the wilderness of Maine
to Quebec City
. The two forces joined there, but were defeated at the Battle of Quebec
in December 1775.Montgomery's expedition set out from Fort Ticonderoga
in late August, and began besieging Fort St. Johns
, the main defensive point south of Montreal, in mid-September. After the fort was captured in November, Carleton abandoned Montreal, fleeing to Quebec City
, and Montgomery took control of the city before heading for Quebec with an army much reduced in size by expiring enlistments. There he joined Arnold, who had left Cambridge in early September on an arduous trek through the wilderness that left his surviving troops starving and lacking in many supplies and equipment.
These forces joined before Quebec City in December, where they assaulted the city in a snowstorm on the last day of the year. The battle was a disastrous defeat for the Americans; Montgomery was killed and Arnold wounded, and the city's defenders suffered few casualties. Arnold then conducted an ineffectual siege on the city, during which Loyalist sentiments were boosted by successful propaganda campaigns, and General David Wooster's blunt administration of Montreal served to annoy both supporters and detractors of the Americans.