), also Puma
, Mountain Lion
, is a mammal
of the Felidae
family, native to the Americas
. This large, solitary cat has the greatest range
of any terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere other than humans, extending from Yukon
to the southern Andes
of South America
. An adaptable, generalist
species, the Cougar is found in every major New World habitat
type. It is the second heaviest cat in the New World, after the Jaguar
, and the fourth heaviest in the world, after the Tiger
, and Jaguar, although it is most closely related to smaller felines.
A capable stalk-and-ambush predator, the Cougar pursues a wide variety of prey. Its primary food is ungulates such as deer, particularly in the northern part of its range, but it hunts species as small as insects and rodents. It prefers habitats with dense underbrush for stalking, but it can live in open areas.
The Cougar is territorial and persists at low population densities. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. While it is a large predator, it is not always the dominant species in its range, as when it competes for prey with animals such as the Gray Wolf. It is a reclusive cat and usually avoids people. Attacks on humans remain rare, despite a recent increase in frequency.
Due to persecution as a dangerous pest animal following the European colonization of the Americas, and continuing human development of Cougar habitat, populations have dropped in many parts of its historical range. In particular, the Cougar was extirpated in eastern North America, except an isolated sub-population in Florida; the animal may be recolonizing parts of its former eastern territory. With its vast range, the Cougar has dozens of names and various references in the mythology of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and in contemporary culture.
Quesalid was a First Nations shaman who lived on Vancouver Island, Canada. He wrote an autobiography in Kwak'wala, the Kwakiutl language, discovered by Franz Boas and well-known by anthropologists, in which he recounted his experiences as a shaman from an authentic view.
Quesalid started to be interested in shamanism because he was suspicious that shamanism was not true. Then, he enter in a "shamanism school", learned how to play the role.