Open main menu

    

Main page   Statistics   WikiProjects

Arctic - show another

Arctic Circle
Arctic Circle.


The Arctic- The Arctic region is a unique area among Earth's ecosystems. Arctic tundra occurs in the far Northern Hemisphere, north of the taiga belt.The word "tundra" usually refers only to the areas where the subsoil is permafrost, or permanently frozen soil. (It may also refer to the treeless plain in general, so that northern Sápmi would be included.) Permafrost tundra includes vast areas of northern Russia and Canada. The polar tundra is home to several peoples who are mostly nomadic reindeer herders, such as the Nganasan and Nenets in the permafrost area (and the Sami in Sápmi).

The Circle itself passes through eight countries. Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, United States. Denmark which represents Greenland, and the Faroe Islands is a member of the Arctic Council. The cultures in the region and the Arctic indigenous peoples have adapted to its cold and extreme conditions. Very few people live north of the Arctic Circle due to the cold conditions. The three largest communities above the Arctic Circle are situated in Russia; Murmansk (population 325,100), Norilsk (135,000), and Vorkuta (85,000). Tromsø in Norway has about 62,000 inhabitants, whereas Rovaniemi in Finland—which lies slightly south of the line—has slightly fewer than 58,000.

The Circumpolar North or Arctic generally includes the lands surrounding the Arctic Circle and these indigenous peoples. Evenks, Inuit, Greenland, Northern Canada (Nunavut and Northwest Territories), Alaska, Chukotka (Russia) , Koryaks, Nenets, Khanty, Chukchi, Sami Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Kola peninsula in Russia and Yukaghirs.


Selected articles - show another

Adult of subspecies pealei or tundrius, Alaska
The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known simply as the Peregrine, and historically as the "Duck Hawk" in North America, is a cosmopolitan bird of prey in the family Falconidae. It is a large, crow-sized falcon, with a blue-gray back, barred white underparts, and a black head and "moustache". As with other bird-eating raptors, the female is bigger than the male. Authorities recognize 17–19 subspecies, which vary in appearance and range; there is disagreement over whether the distinctive Barbary Falcon is a subspecies or a distinct species.

The Peregrine's breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the Tropics. It can be found nearly everywhere on Earth, excepting extreme polar regions, very high mountains, and most tropical rainforests; the only major ice-free landmass from which it is entirely absent is New Zealand. This makes it the world's most widespread bird of prey. Both the English and scientific names of this species mean "wandering falcon", referring to the migratory habits of many northern populations.

Selected biography - show another

Uriel Sebree
Uriel Sebree (February 20, 1848 – August 6, 1922) was a career officer in the United States Navy. He entered the Naval Academy during the Civil War and served until 1910, retiring as a rear admiral. He is best remembered for his two expeditions into the Arctic and for serving as the second acting governor of American Samoa. He was also commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet.

After graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1867, Sebree was posted to a number of vessels before being assigned to a rescue mission to find the remaining crew of the missing Polaris in the Navy's first mission to the Arctic. This attempt was only a partial success—the Polaris crew was rescued by a Scottish ship rather than the US Navy—but this led to Sebree's selection eleven years later for a second expedition to the Arctic. That mission to rescue Adolphus Greely and the survivors of the Lady Franklin Bay expedition was a success. Sebree was subsequently appointed as the second acting governor of American Samoa.

In the news - show another

Selected picture - show another

rimsvötn in Vatnajökull-glacier in Iceland (1972)

Description:rimsvötn in Vatnajökull-glacier in Iceland (1972)

Author: Roger McLassus.

This star symbolizes the featured content on Wikipedia.
Featured picture

Did you know - show another

Tookoolito, from an 1862 engraving




Zieglerporteroct15.png


Categories

Things to do

  • Place the {{WikiProject Arctic}} project banner on the talk pages of all articles within the scope of the project.
  • Place the {{Portal|Arctic}} portal template in the See also section of associated articles.
  • Upload new appropriately-licensed, Arctic-related pictures and other media. Place featured pictures on the portal. Nominate good pictures for the portal.
  • Add FA, A and GA articles directly to the portal. Nominate B-class articles for the portal. Seeking to assess and locate Arctic related articles and biographies.
  • We need active peer review and editorial help in the drive to improve Portal:Arctic to Featured Portal status! Please join the project and help expand and improve Arctic related articles and the portal.
  • Be bold with the graphic design of the portal. Look at Featured portals and aim towards submitting Portal Arctic to peer review.

Selected panorama - show another

romsø
Panoramic view of Tromsø ('Romsa in Northern Sami, Tromssa in Finnish) is a city and municipality in the county of Troms, Norway.

Topics

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia - show another

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Sources - show another

Purge server cache