View over Porta Westfalica to the Weser hills
|• Mayor||Bernd Hedtmann (no party)|
|• Total||105 km2 (41 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||303 m (994 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||46 m (151 ft)|
|• Density||340/km2 (880/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||0571, 05706, 05722, 05731, 05751|
The town Porta Westfalica was established in 1973 by merging fifteen villages surrounding the gorge. The centre of the modern town is the former village of Hausberge, which was first mentioned in 1096.
The Emperor William Monument was erected near the town by the then Prussian Province of Westphalia between 1892 and 1896 The monument, which is around 88 metres high, is classified as one of Germany's national monuments.
From 18 March 1944 until 1 April 1945 a concentration camp was established in the Barkhausen quarter. From 1 February 1945 until 1 April 1945 a camp was used in the Hausberge quarter. In the Lerbeck quarter also was a concentration camp in use from 1 October 1944 until 1 April 1945. In the Neesen quarter was a location for the forced labour for some of the inmates. All of these camps were subcamps of the Neuengamme concentration camp.
Porta Westfalica is situated on the right bank of the Weser (except for the Barkhausen quarter), near the Porta Westfalica gorge, where the river runs through the passage between the mountain chains of the Wiehen Hills in the west and the Weser Uplands in the east. The gorge appears like a gate to the region Westphalia, which lies to the south of it. It is overlooked by the Jakobsberg and Wittekindsberg hills.
Division of the townEdit
The town of Porta Westfalica consists of 15 districts:
Buildings and structuresEdit
- Jakobsberg Telecommunication Tower, a TV tower with an observation deck.
- Monument to Kaiser Wilhelm I, above the gorge, near the village Barkhausen
- Wittekindsburg, remains of an Iron Age "oppidum" (3rd - 1st century BC) and Saxon-Frankish fort (8th/9th century AD), in the Wiehen Hills near Barkhausen
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
- Information board with the title Emperor William Monument at the northern approach to the monument at commons.wikimedia.org
- The camp is listed as No. 77 Barkhausen official German list.
- The camp is listed as No. 585 Hausberge a.d. Porta in the official German list.
- The camp is listed as No. 843 Lerbeck/Westfalen in the official German list.
- The location is listed as No. 1024 Neesen, Kreis Minden, in the official German list.
- de Menezes, Jack (10 January 2015). "Junior Malanda dies: 20-year-old Wolfsburg midfielder 'killed in car accident' on German motorway". The Independent. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
- Official German list of concentration camps Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos (in German)
- Official website (in German)