Port of Valencia

The Port of Valencia is a seaport located in Valencia, Spain. It is the fifth busiest seaport in Europe. As of 2019, it moves an annual cargo traffic of around 81 million tonnes and 5.4 TEU, ranking first in Spain and second in the Mediterranean basin in container shipping (after the Port of Piraeus),[7] and second in Spain in annual cargo traffic, after the Port of Algeciras.

Port of Valencia
Port of Valencia.jpg
Harbour
Location
CountrySpain
LocationValencia
Coordinates39°26′45″N 0°19′12″W / 39.4457°N 0.3199°W / 39.4457; -0.3199Coordinates: 39°26′45″N 0°19′12″W / 39.4457°N 0.3199°W / 39.4457; -0.3199
UN/LOCODEESVLC[1]
Details
Operated byPort Authority of Valencia
Type of harborNatural/Artificial
Size600 ha (6 sq km)
Available berths40
Wharfs72
Employees15,000 people[2]
General managerRafael Aznar Garrigues
Statistics
Vessel arrivals7,287 (2007)[3]
Annual cargo tonnage81 million tonnes (2019)[4]
Annual container volume5.4 million TEU (2019)[5]
Passenger traffic474,814 passengers (2007)[citation needed]
199,335 passengers (2008)[6]
Website
www.valenciaport.com

The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 15,000 employees who provide services to more than 7,500 ships every year.

HistoryEdit

The history of the Port of Valencia began in 1483, when King Ferdinand the Catholic granted Antoni Joan the privilege of building a wooden bridge on the beach of the Grao district, called the Pont de Fusta.

From 1483 until the 19th century, various construction projects were built in the port, but because of periodic flooding of the Turia River and the continual movements of sand on the beach the port was not notably successful. However, traffic did increase incrementally over time and the king eventually granted trading privileges with other kingdoms and sovereign states in 1679 and for the Americas in 1791, with Valencia becoming the sixth maritime province in Spain.

DescriptionEdit

The three ports controlled by the Port Authority of Valencia are in Valencia, Sagunto and Gandía. They are located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, along an 80 km stretch of Spain’s eastern coastline.

The Port of Valencia is the centre of economic activity in an area of influence encompassing a radius of 350 km, which generates 51 percent of Spain's GDP and includes half the entire working population of the giant country. The port has a quay length of 12 km and a total storage area of 300 acres (1.2 km2).

 
Port of Valencia

Valencia Port Authority (PAV) has announced plans for the construction of a new container terminal in the northern expansion by 2030.[8]

Satellite portsEdit

Port of SaguntoEdit

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 10% of the entire port – its main cargo is liquefied natural gas; three million tonnes of gas are shipped per year due to the regasification plant located nearby.

Around 70% of the port's current traffic consists of iron and steel products and the rest of fertilizers, construction materials, timber and perishable products.

Port of GandíaEdit

This port has an annual traffic capacity of 1.5 % of the entire port, and specialises in the export and import of forestry products: timber, reels, pulp, paper and furniture.

StatisticsEdit

 
Port of Valencia

In 2007 the Port of Valencia handled 53,592,859 tonnes of cargo and 3,042,665 TEU making it the second busiest cargo port in Spain and the largest container port in the country.[9]

General statistics between 2006 - 2007[10]
Year 2006 2007
Fishing* 254,603 339,324
Liquid bulk* 4,355,965 5,543,232
Dry bulk* 7,148,231 7,322,671
Nr of passengers 345,063 474,814
Containers (TEU) 2,612,049 3,042,665
Containers* 28,157,269 32,526,654
Other cargoes* 7,624,309 7,860,978
Vessels (nr) 7,046 7,287
Total*' 47,540,374 53,592,859
* figures in tonnes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "UNLOCODE (ES) - SPAIN". service.unece.org. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  2. ^ Port of Valencia number of employees Archived 2007-08-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Port of Valencia vessel arrivals Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "El puerto de Valencia bate su récord de tráfico y abre una brecha histórica con el de Barcelona". ABC. 12 February 2020.
  5. ^ Top 50 World Container Ports - World Shipping Council
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-09. Retrieved 2009-01-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "El Pireo supera a Valencia como primer puerto del Mediterráneo en contenedores". Expansión. 25 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Valencia plans construction of new container terminal". Global Cargo News. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  9. ^ Annual report Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Official figures Archived 2008-12-01 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit