Port Wakefield, South Australia
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Port Wakefield (formerly Port Henry) is a town at the mouth of the River Wakefield, at the head of the Gulf St Vincent in South Australia. It was the first government town to be established north of the state capital, Adelaide. Port Wakefield is situated 98.7 kilometres (61.3 miles) from the Adelaide city centre on the Port Wakefield Highway section of the A1 National Highway.
|Population||560 (2016 census)|
|Time zone||ACST (UTC+9:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||ACST (UTC+10:30)|
|Location||99 km (62 mi) North West of Adelaide city centre via|
|LGA(s)||Wakefield Regional Council|
Port Wakefield is a major stop on the Adelaide – Yorke Peninsula and Adelaide – Port Augusta road routes. Travellers between Adelaide and any of the Flinders Ranges, Yorke Peninsula, Eyre Peninsula or the Nullarbor Plain will likely travel through Port Wakefield. Due to its strategic location, Port Wakefield is known for its roadhouses and trucking stops. Just north of the township there is a major forked intersection where the Yorke Peninsula traffic diverges west onto the Copper Coast Highway from the main Augusta Highway. The intersection is notorious for road accidents and traffic delays, especially at the end of holidays and long weekends.
In 1848, the Patent Copper Company agreed to build and operate a smelter at Burra. Seeking to reduce cartage costs, a track was surveyed to its port established at the mouth of the River Wakefield. By securing leases of the appropriate Crown Land, the company obtained a monopoly of the port. The Government declared the track the Great Western Road. The wharf was constructed along the bank of the river and cargo was transferred between the wharf and ships at anchor in the Gulf on lighters.
With the opening of the railway from Adelaide to Gawler in 1857, the Copper Company's traffic came to a sudden end, leaving only pastoral produce to flow to the port. Mixed farming was established on lands opening up by the Government along the River in the mid-1860s and this called for improvement in transport to the Port.
William Hanson, Manager for Railways, selected a route for a horse-drawn tramway terminating at Hoyles Plains, later renamed Hoyleton. The enabling Act provided for a tramway of 28 miles 41 chains (45.9 km) in length to a gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in), the first line in South Australia built to that gauge. Subsequently, the Government agreed that the line should be operated by a private body. The successful tenderer was one Paul Badcock who opened the line to traffic on 4 January 1870. Horses were worked in three relays between the stations on the route.
The choice of gauge was influenced by the argument that costs varied with the cube of the gauge. As this railway had its own port, it was not expected to link up with any broad gauge railways which avoided of course any break of gauge problems. Following a surrender of the lease, the line was taken over by the Government at the end of 1870.
On 1 March 1876 the line was extended from Hoyleton to Blyth. Steam locomotives were subsequently obtained and, by August, 1876, the entire line was being worked by steam power. The line was extended at the other end from Port Wakefield to Kadina on 9 October 1878.
In 1927, these railways, and the remainder of the Western system that grew from them, were converted to the broad 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge.
The 1955 Australian Grand Prix was held at the Port Wakefield Circuit east of the township. The circuit opened in 1953 when public road racing was banned, and closed in 1961 when some of its facilities were moved to the longer Mallala Race Circuit.
2020 highway upgradeEdit
A proposal by the Liberal Party of Australia before the 2018 state election was that if it was elected it would build a single lane overpass at the Augusta Highway end of the Copper Coast Highway to reduce traffic conflicts. The party won the election and upgraded the planning to completely grade-separate the intersection and duplicate the highway through Port Wakefield.
The contract for detailed design and construction of duplication of Port Wakefield Road through Port Wakefield and grade-separate the intersection with the Copper Coast Highway was let in March 2020 to the "Port Wakefield to Port Augusta Alliance", a consortium of CPB Contractors, Aurecon and GHD Group. This consortium is also responsible for the duplication of Joy Baluch AM Bridge in Port Augusta. Both projects are expected to be completed in 2022.
In 1876, a short lived newspaper was printed in the town, called the Port Wakefield Times and Balaclava, Hoyleton, Blyth and Lochiel Advertiser (July - August 1876) and published by Edward Richardson. A later newspaper was the Wakefield Sun (15 July 1910 – 31 May 1912). Another publication, the Port Wakefield Monitor (7 January 1915 - 26 June 1941), was also published locally.
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On 28 November 1878 the District Council of Port Wakefield was established on the same day as the District Council of Clinton and District Council of Kulpara, bringing local government to the area.
- "Search results for 'Port Wakefield, LOCB' with the following datasets being selected – 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Counties', 'Government Towns', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions', 'Gazetteer' and 'Roads'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Port Wakefield (Urban centre)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
- Port Wakefield Postcode. Australia Post. Retrieved on 2008-05-29
- "Development Plan – Wakefield Council". Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure. pp. 196, 239 & 248. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- Narungga (Map). Electoral District Boundaries Commission. 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Search result for "Port Wakefield (Locality Bounded)" (Record no. SA0040720) with the following layers selected – "Suburbs and Localities" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- Kelton, Sam (21 April 2014). "Two separate crashes, involving five cars, at Port Wakefield Rd intersection cause traffic pain for Easter drivers". The Advertiser. News Corp. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
- Bishop, Ian (14 October 2014). "RAA Regional Roads Assessment – Yorke Peninsula" (PDF). Royal Automobile Association. p. 6 (PDF page 11). Retrieved 11 August 2015.
The Copper Coast Highway is notorious for the extensive delays occurring at the intersection with the Augusta Highway and RAA recommends this intersection be addressed in the medium term.
- "Search results for "Placename Details: Port Henry" (Record Number SA0007442)". Government of South Australia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- "Wakefield, Port; Nomenclature". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
- "RAILWAY GAUGES". South Australian Register. Adelaide. 9 January 1867. p. 2. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Callaghan, W.H. (2002). "Horse and Steam, Wheat and Copper". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin (January, February, 2002): 9–27, 46–63.
- "Port Wakefield Uniting Church is turning 150". Yorke Peninsula Country Times. 7 August 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "Cutting out crash corner at Port Wakefield". Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division). 29 January 2018. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
- "Port Wakefield Overpass and Highway Duplication". Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
- McCormack, Michael (1 March 2020). "PORT WAKEFIELD AND JOY BALUCH UPGRADES ARE SIGNED, SEALED AND SOON TO BE DELIVERED" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 9 May 2020 – via Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure.
- Port Wakefield times and Balaclava, Hoyleton, Blyth and Lochiel advertiser. Port Wakefield [S. Aust.] : Edward Richardson. 1876.
- Laube, Anthony. "LibGuides: SA Newspapers: O-R". guides.slsa.sa.gov.au. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- The Wakefield sun [newspaper: microform]. Port Wakefield, S. Aust: James Barclay. 1910.
- "Newspapers in the Northern and Yorke Peninsula region South Australia". www.jaunay.com. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
- The Port Wakefield monitor [newspaper: microform]. Snowtown, S. Aust: L. F. Henstridge. 1915.
- "Proclamations" (PDF). South Australian Government Gazette (55 ed.). Government of South Australia. 1878: 1568. 28 November 1878. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
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