The Porsche Cayenne is a mid-size luxury crossover sport utility vehicle produced by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. It is also Porsche's first off road variant vehicle since its Super and Junior tractors of 1950s, and the first Porsche with four doors. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology.
Porsche Cayenne (Third Generation)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury crossover SUV|
|Body style||5-door SUV|
|Layout||Front engine, four-wheel drive|
|Platform||Volkswagen Group PL71 platform|
The second-generation Cayenne (Type 92A) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal. The Cayenne shares its platform, body frame, doors and electronics with the similar Volkswagen Touareg and Audi Q7. The second generation received a facelift in 2014 with minor external changes, and introduced a new plug-in E-Hybrid version, with its public launch at the Paris Motor Show.
First generation (2003–2010)Edit
|First generation (9PA) Chassis E1|
3.2 L 240 hp (179 kW) VR6|
3.6 L 290 hp (216 kW) VR6
4.5 L 340 hp (254 kW) V8 (S)
4.5 L 450 hp (336 kW) V8 TT (Turbo)
4.5 L 521 hp (389 kW) V8 Twin-turbo
|Wheelbase||2,855 mm (112.4 in)|
4,780 mm (188.2 in)|
Turbo: 4,783 mm (188.3 in)
|Width||1,928 mm (75.9 in)|
|Height||1,700 mm (66.9 in)|
The Porsche Cayenne entered the market with mixed anticipation. However, it soon proved that it was the performance vehicle among SUVs and was praised for its excellent handling and powerful engines. The lineup initially consisted of the V8-powered Cayenne S and Cayenne Turbo. Later in the model cycle, VR6 and diesel-powered versions joined the lineup.
The base model is powered by a 3.2-L VR6 engine producing 250 PS (184 kW; 247 hp); modifications in the exhaust manifold allow power to peak at 6,700 rpm. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) is approx[specify] 7.5 seconds with the manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S.
The S is powered by an 8-cylinder engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. It produces 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp) and 310 lb⋅ft (420 N⋅m) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) takes 7.1 seconds and the top speed is 150 mph (240 km/h).
Introduced only for 2006 (Pre-GTS concept), a special distinctive Cayenne S Titanium Edition Wagon (9PA), a 1 Year exclusive, limited production SUV featuring a lightweight steel body (it is lighter than the Cayenne S), titanium-painted accented body parts, side lower rocker body panels, 4 sports chrome tailpipes, 19" titanium painted alloy wheels, bi-xenon headlights, two-tone interior upholstery, Porsche PCM w/ trip computer navigation, MP3 audio and Bose cabin surround sound. Exhaust tone is aggressive and deep, even at idle. This sporty design S(Ti) is also powered by an alloy 4.5L V8 engine with a dry-sump lubrication system and variable valve timing. The Cayenne S(Ti) engine produces healthy 340 PS (250 kW; 340 hp) and 310 lb·ft (420 N·m) of torque. Acceleration is quicker from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) at sub[specify] 6.8 seconds[clarification needed] and the top speed is 150+ mph.[clarification needed] It featured sport tuned suspension, and includes a low-range case, a locking differential and six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission (See Turbo & Turbo S).
The GTS is powered with a 405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp) 4.8 L V8 and features a sport suspension and 21-inch (530 mm) wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic body kit. The Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is also offered.
Cayenne Turbo and Turbo SEdit
The first-generation Cayenne Turbo has 450 PS (331 kW), and can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.3 seconds. A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML 63 AMG. The Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S include a low-range case, a locking differential, and height-adjustable, off-road suspension. The S is powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5 L V8 that produces 521 PS (383 kW; 514 hp) and 720 N⋅m (530 lb⋅ft) of torque; Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) takes 5.0 seconds and the top speed is 171 mph (275 km/h); It features a six-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission.
In 2008 an updated Turbo model, featuring a larger 4.8-L engine, was revealed at the Beijing Auto Show. It produces 50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) more power, and can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.9 seconds. Also revealed with the new Turbo, was a new 550 hp (410 kW) Turbo S model. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) for that car takes 4.7 seconds and it can be had with optional ceramic composite brakes.
Porsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne, powered by a 3.0-L V6 VW TDI engine, since February 2009. The engine is rated at 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) and 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft) of torque. The car was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The diesel can accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 9.2 seconds.
Cayenne S TranssyberiaEdit
The street version was later built to commemorate Porsche's victory in Transsyberia rally. It is a variant with the 405 hp (302 kW) direct-inject 4.8-L V8 from the Cayenne GTS. Sales began in January 2009, with a production run of 600 road vehicles.
Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 (2010)Edit
In May 2009, a limited edition version based on the Cayenne GTS was introduced, designed by Porsche Design Studio and included a Porsche Design chronograph Type P’6612. Production was limited to 1000 units, 100 in the USA.
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|Model||Production period||Engine||Power (PS, torque)@rpm|
|Cayenne||2003-2007||3,189 cc (3.2 L; 194.6 cu in) VR6||250 PS (180 kW; 250 hp)@6000, 310 N⋅m (230 lb⋅ft)@2500|
|Cayenne||2007-2010||3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6||290 PS (210 kW; 290 hp)@6200, 385 N⋅m (284 lb⋅ft)@3000|
|Cayenne S||2002-2007||4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) V8||340 PS (250 kW; 340 hp)@6000, 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft)@2500|
|Cayenne S Titanium Edition||2006||4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) V8||340 PS (250 kW; 340 hp)@6000, 420 N⋅m (310 lb⋅ft)@2500|
|Cayenne S||2007-2010||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@6200, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@3500|
|Cayenne S Transsyberia||2009||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@3500|
|Cayenne GTS||2008-2010||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@3500|
|Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3||2009-2009||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||405 PS (298 kW; 399 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@3500|
|Cayenne Turbo||2002-2007||4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||450 PS (330 kW; 440 hp)@6000, 620 N⋅m (460 lb⋅ft)@2250|
|Cayenne Turbo||2007-2010||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||500 PS (370 kW; 490 hp)@6000, 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft)@4500|
|Cayenne Turbo S||2006-2007||4,511 cc (4.5 L; 275.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||520 PS (380 kW; 510 hp)@5500, 720 N⋅m (530 lb⋅ft)@2750|
|Cayenne Turbo S||2008-2010||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||550 PS (400 kW; 540 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft)@2250|
|Cayenne Diesel||2009-2010||2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6||240 PS (176 KW; 237 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft)@2000|
Second generation (2011–2017)Edit
|Second generation (92A) Chassis E2|
3.0 S/C V6 333PS
3.6 VR6 300PS
4.8 V8 400PS / 420PS
4.8 T V8 500PS / 550PS
3.0 V6 250PS
4.1 V8 385 PS
6-Speed ZF Manual |
8-Speed Aisin Tiptronic S Automatic
|Wheelbase||2,895 mm (114.0 in)|
4,846 mm (190.8 in) (2010-14)|
4,855 mm (191.1 in)(2014-)
1,938 mm (76.3 in) (2010-14)|
1,939 mm (76.3 in)(2014-)
|Height||1,705 mm (67.1 in)|
|Curb weight||2085 kg to 2215 kg (DIN)|
The second-generation Porsche Cayenne went on sale in April–May 2010 as a 2011 model, with an official debut at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. In preparation for the unveiling, the Cayenne production facility in Leipzig, Germany, closed in December 2009 to commence factory retooling for the new model, a process that took 2–3 months.
The 2011 Porsche Cayenne is larger than its predecessors, but features a more slanted rear window, less upright windshield, a more sloping roofline, door-mounted mirrors, smaller windows at the rear of the vehicle, headlights inspired by the Carrera GT, taillights that extend onto the car's tailgate, LED daytime running lights and a vastly redesigned interior modeled after the Panamera. The 2011 Cayenne is almost 250 kg (550 lb) lighter than the previous models due to extensive use of aluminum and magnesium, making it more fuel efficient than the previous lineup. Despite its lower stance, the new vehicle's off-road capabilities have been retained without compromising the street performance-oriented layout and design. In addition to a diesel offering, a hybrid version is available. Also, model year 2013 - 2016 diesel Porsche Cayennes are included in the Volkswagen emissions scandal.
Standard features of the 2011 Porsche Cayenne include air conditioning with dual-zone climate controls, interior air filter, tilt/telescopic leather-wrapped steering wheel with radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, eight-way power front seats, outside-temperature indicator, and universal garage door opener in the base model. The Cayenne S adds a power sunroof and memory for the driver's seat. The Cayenne GTS added an optional rearview camera, keyless access and start, and memory system. Finally, the most upscale Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S added a navigation system with voice recognition, optional four-zone climate controls, heated rear seats, premium sound system with six-disc CD changer.
The Cayenne's naturally aspirated and turbocharged V8 engines are shared with the Panamera and have been upgraded for faster acceleration times with more horsepower and torque, as well as more powerful direct-injection technology to improve efficiency. The base Cayenne model Cayenne is tuned to offer 300 hp.
The Cayenne comes powered by a 3.6-L VR6 engine producing 300 PS (221 kW; 296 hp), the Cayenne S features the same 4.8-L V8 in the Panamera S models producing 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp) and the Cayenne Turbo comes with Panamera Turbo's 4.8 L twin turbo V8 producing 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp). The Cayenne S Hybrid uses an Volkswagen-sourced 3.0-L V6 engine producing 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp), paired with a nickel metal hydride battery capable of 47 PS (35 kW; 46 hp), for a total of 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp). A manual gearbox serves as the standard transmission system on the base Cayenne, with all other models featuring an eight-speed Tiptronic as standard equipment. The low-range transfer case found in the previous generation has been removed. All vehicles will feature about 10% less weight than their predecessors, 70 kg worth of standard equipment in excess of that found on the current model and a more heavily contoured rear bench.
In September 2012 Porsche announced the Cayenne S Diesel. This model is fitted with the Volkswagen 4.1-L V8 TDI engine. In October 2012, Porsche confirmed the addition of a new Cayenne Turbo S.
In July 2014, Porsche launched a facelifted Cayenne range, with minor exterior alterations and new power-train options, including a plug-in E-Hybrid and downsizing of the S model's 4.8-L V8 to a turbocharged 3.6-L V6.
At the IAA 2005, Porsche announced it would produce a hybrid version of the Cayenne before 2010 (Porsche Cayenne Hybrid). Two years later, at the IAA 2007, Porsche presented a functioning Cayenne Hybrid and demonstration model of the drivetrain.
Notable modifications to this car include an electric vacuum pump and hydraulic steering pump, allowing the car to function even when the engine is deactivated. A 288-volt nickel metal hydride battery is placed under the boot floor, occupying the space normally used for a spare tire.
The production version, called the S Hybrid, was launched in 2010, with a 3.0-L petrol V6 linked with an electric motor to achieve CO2 emissions of 193 g/km. The S Hybrid was launched in the U.S. market in November 2010.
In July 2014, Porsche announced the launch of the Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid with an all-electric range between 18 and 36 km (11 and 22 mi) under the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) standard. The plug-in model displaced the Cayenne S Hybrid from the line up, and it is part of the revised range. The Cayenne S E-Hybrid is the first plug-in hybrid in the premium SUV segment, allowing Porsche to become the first automaker with three production plug-in hybrid models. Deliveries in Germany were scheduled to begin in October 2014. Sales in the U.S. began in November 2014.
- EPA fuel economy ratings
The following are the official EPA ratings of the Cayenne S E-Hybrid compared with the others models of the 2015 line up available in the U.S.:
|EPA fuel economy ratings|
|Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid||2015||Electricity
(69 kWh/100 mi)
|Gasoline only||22 mpg||-||-|
|Porsche Cayenne Diesel||2015||Diesel only||23 mpg||20 mpg||29 mpg|
|Porsche Cayenne S||2015||Gasoline only||20 mpg||17 mpg||24 mpg|
|Porsche Cayenne Turbo||2015||Gasoline only||17 mpg||14 mpg||21 mpg|
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|Model||Production period||Engine||Power (PS, torque)@rpm||Emissions CO2|
|Cayenne||2010-2014||3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6||300 PS (220 kW; 300 hp)@6300, 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft)@3000||236 g/km|
|Cayenne||2014-2018||3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) VR6||300 PS (220 kW; 300 hp)@6300, 400 N⋅m (300 lb⋅ft)@3000||215 g/km|
|Cayenne S||2010-2014||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||400 PS (290 kW; 390 hp)@6500, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@3500||245 g/km|
|Cayenne S||2014-2018||3,604 cc (3.6 L; 219.9 cu in) twin turbo V6||420 PS (310 kW; 410 hp)@6000, 500 N⋅m (370 lb⋅ft)@1350||223 g/km|
|Cayenne S Hybrid||2010-2014||2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) supercharged V6||333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp)@5250, 440 N⋅m (320 lb⋅ft)@3000||193 g/km|
|Cayenne S E-Hybrid||2014-2018||2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) supercharged V6 PHEV||416 PS (306 kW; 410 hp)@5500, 590 N⋅m (440 lb⋅ft)@3000||79 g/km|
|Cayenne GTS||2010-2014||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||420 PS (310 kW; 410 hp)@6500, 515 N⋅m (380 lb⋅ft)@3500||251 g/km|
|Cayenne GTS||2015-2018||3,604 cc (3.6 L; 219.9 cu in) twin turbo V6||440 PS (320 kW; 430 hp)@6000, 600 N⋅m (440 lb⋅ft)@1600||228 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo||2010-2014||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||500 PS (370 kW; 490 hp)@6000, 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft)@2250||270 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo||2014-2018||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||520 PS (380 kW; 510 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft)@2250||261 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo S||2010-2014||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||550 PS (400 kW; 540 hp)@6000, 750 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft)@2250||270 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo S||2015-2018||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||570 PS (420 kW; 560 hp)@6000, 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft)@2500||267 g/km|
|Cayenne Diesel||2010-2011||2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6||240 PS (176 KW; 237 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft)@2000|
|Cayenne Diesel||2011-2014||2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6||245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp)@4000, 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft)@1750||189 g/km|
|Cayenne Diesel||2014-2018||2,967 cc (3.0 L; 181.1 cu in) turbo V6||262 PS (193 kW; 258 hp)@4000, 580 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft)@1750||173 g/km|
|Cayenne S Diesel||2014-2018||4,134 cc (4.1 L; 252.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@3750, 850 N⋅m (630 lb⋅ft)@2000||209 g/km|
Guinness World RecordEdit
On 1 May 2017, a 2017 Porsche Cayenne S Diesel set the Guinness World Record for heaviest aircraft pulled by a production car. The Cayenne towed a 285 ton Air France Airbus A380 to a distance of 42 meters, breaking the previous 2013 record of a Nissan Patrol towing a 170 ton Ilyushin Il-76 to a distance of 50 meters. After the attempt Porsche repeated the test using a petrol-powered Cayenne Turbo S with 800 Nm of torque, 50 Nm less than the S Diesel, in an effort to prove the Cayenne's remarkable ability.
Third generation (2018–present)Edit
|Third generation (PO536)|
2019–present (Outside of Europe)
|Body and chassis|
|Platform||VW Group MLBevo|
3.0 L Audi V6 Turbo FSI
2.9 L Audi V6 Twin-turbo FSI
4.0 L Audi-Porsche V8 Twin-turbo
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2018)
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Porsche Cayenne, Large Off-Road (2017)|
All engines of the third generation models are turbocharged.
|Model||Production period||Engine||Power (PS, torque)@rpm||Emissions CO2|
|Cayenne||2019-||2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) turbo V6||340 PS (250 kW; 340 hp)@5300-6400, 450 N⋅m (330 lb⋅ft)@1340-5300||205 g/km|
|Cayenne E-Hybrid||2019-||2,995 cc (3.0 L; 182.8 cu in) turbo V6 PHEV||462 PS (340 kW; 456 hp)@5300-6400, 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft)@1340-5300||78-72 g/km|
|Cayenne S||2019-||2,894 cc (2.9 L; 176.6 cu in) twin turbo V6||440 PS (320 kW; 430 hp)@5700-6600, 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft)@1800-5500||209 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo||2019-||3,996 cc (4.0 L; 243.9 cu in) twin turbo V8||550 PS (400 kW; 540 hp)@5750, 770 N⋅m (570 lb⋅ft)@1960||272-267 g/km|
|Cayenne Turbo S E-Hybrid||2019-||3,996 cc (4.0 L; 243.9 cu in) twin turbo V8 PHEV||680 PS (500 kW; 670 hp)@5750, 850 N⋅m (630 lb⋅ft)@1960||99 g/km|
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