Popular Unity (Italy)

Popular Unity (Italian: Unità Popolare, UP) was a short-lived social-democratic and social-liberal and political party in Italy. Its leaders were Piero Calamandrei, a Democratic Socialist, and Ferruccio Parri, a Republican and former Prime Minister.

Popular Unity

Unità Popolare
LeaderPiero Calamandrei, Ferruccio Parri
Founded18 April 1953
Dissolved27 October 1957
Merger ofSocialist Autonomy Movement
Union of Republican Rebirth
Justice and Freedom
Merged intoItalian Socialist Party
NewspaperNuova Repubblica
IdeologySocial democracy
Liberal Socialism
Political positionCentre-left


Popular Unity was formed in April 1953 by disgruntled members of the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI) and the Italian Republican Party (PRI), who again did not agree with the new electoral law.[1][2]

Three different parties came together in Popular Unity:

The party won 0.6% of the vote in the 1953 general election and, along with the like-minded National Democratic Alliance, prevented the governing coalition from passing the 50% and getting the majority bonus (two thirds of the seats in the Chamber of Deputies).[3]

The party was active until 1957. After that, some of its members, including Parri, joined the Italian Socialist Party, but most of them returned to their former parties.


  1. ^ Alan Renwick (2010). The Politics of Electoral Reform: Changing the Rules of Democracy. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-1-139-48677-4.
  2. ^ Mark Gilbert; Robert K. Nilsson (2010). The A to Z of Modern Italy. Scarecrow Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-1-4616-7202-9.
  3. ^ Philip Cooke (10 May 2011). The Legacy of the Italian Resistance. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-0-230-11901-7.