Popular Socialists (Russia)

The Popular Socialist Party (Russian: Народно-социалистическая партияNarodno-Sotsialisticheskaya Partiya) emerged in Russia in the early twentieth century.

Labourist Popular-Socialist Party
Трудовая народно-социалистическая партия
LeaderAlexey Peshekhonov
Nikolai Annensky
Venedikt Miakotin
Founded1906 (1906)
Split fromSocialist Revolutionary Party
NewspaperНародное слово
Popular socialism
Agrarian socialism
Social democracy
Political positionCentre-left


The roots of the Popular Socialist Party (NSP) lay in the 'Legal Populist' movement of the 1890s, and its founders looked upon N.K. Mikhailovsky and Alexander Herzen as ideological forerunners. The NSP was founded in 1906, by a number of dissidents from the Socialist-Revolutionary Party (SRs). They objected to the PSR's adoption of political terrorism and wanted to 'nationalize' the land (i.e., turn it over to the state), rather than 'socialize' it (i.e., make it common property of the peasantry), as the PSR proposed.

The Popular Socialists also wanted to indemnify landowners; the PSR did not. Furthermore, the Popular Socialists deplored the influence of Marxism on the leading ideologues of the PSR, such as V.M. Chernov. Leading members of the NSP were N.F. Annensky (1843-1912), V.A. Miakotin (1867-1937) and A.V. Peshekhonov (1867-1933). The latter was minister of agriculture in the Provisional Government of A.F. Kerensky during the Russian Revolution of 1917.

The Popular Socialists collaborated closely with the Trudoviks (Labour party), Kerensky's party in the Duma. After the February revolution of 1917 the Popular Socialist Party merged with the Trudoviks and actively supported the Provisional Government, in which it was represented.

The Popular Socialists opposed the October Revolution. The party was dissolved during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1922.

The party's Russian name is sometimes translated as 'National Socialist Party', but this is misleading, since that label is usually associated with Hitler's National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). The Russian NSP was not anti-Semitic and advocated democracy and gradual reform.

Further readingEdit

  • Hildermeier, M., Die Sozialrevolutionäre Partei Russlands. Cologne, 1978.
  • The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Moscow, 1978.

External linksEdit