Popular Socialist Party (Brazil)
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|Founded||March 19, 1992|
|Split from||Brazilian Communist Party|
|Headquarters||SCS Q. 7 bloco A - Ed. Executive Tower - sl. 826/828 - DF|
|International affiliation||Foro de São Paulo (1992-2004)|
|TSE Identification Number||23|
|Seats in the Chamber of Deputies|
9 / 513
|Seats in the Senate|
1 / 81
It was founded in 1992 after the main body of the Brazilian Communist Party decided to reinvent itself as a social democratic party following the collapse of the Soviet Union. A minority faction of the Brazilian Communist Party retained the old name.
The PPS was a part of the coalition government of Brazilian President Luis Inácio da Silva until December 2004, when its leader withdrew its support from the coalition. Ciro Gomes of the PPS refused to resign from his position as Minister for National Integration, leading to his removal from the PPS's National Executive.
In the 2006 legislative elections, the party won 21 seats in the chamber of deputies. At that time party members held the state governorships of Mato Grosso and Rondônia. In the presidential election, the PPS endorsed Geraldo Alckmin of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB).
The PPS suffered setbacks in the 2010 general elections when it lost 10 seats in the Chamber of Deputies leaving just 12 remaining, although the party won its first Senate seat. It won no state governorships. The party again supported the PSDB presidential candidate, this time José Serra, and was part of his Brazil can do more alliance.
Later the party consolidated its position in the opposition to PT. It supported the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff in 2016 and formed a coalition with the provisional government with the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB) and the PSDB, under the rule of Michel Temer.
In 2018, the PPS leadership announced a name change. The justification, according to the leadership, was that the party needs to modernize to attract cadres from the entire political spectrum, new social movements and not be mistakenly branded as a radical party heir to the Brazilian Communist Party or close to parties linked with brazilian old socialists like PT or PCdoB. The party received new members, such as former black-headed toucans, members of the progressive liberal LIVRES (Frees) movement, who left the PSL after the party took a hard turn to the right with Jair Bolsonaro's affiliation and support for his presidential campaign, and members of new progressive social movements like the AGORA (Now) and ACREDITO! (I Believe!). The party must acquire a more liberal and less social-democratic ideology, occupying a more centrist position in the Brazilian political scenario.
For the Brazilian general elections of 2018 PPS joined the coalition To unite Brazil, in support of the candidacy of Geraldo Alckmin. The coalition also includes Brazilian Social Democracy Party, Democrats, Progressistas, Party of the Republic, Brazilian Republican Party, Solidariedade, Brazilian Labour Party and Social Democratic Party.
Soon after its foundation, the Popular Socialist Party became a member of the Foro de São Paulo, an association of South American leftist parties which also included the majority of Brazilian left-wing formations (PCB, PCdoB, PT, PDT, PSB). However, in 2004 PPS withdrew from the Foro, denouncing its support for authoritarian regimes in Cuba and Venezuela.
|2006||No candidate, endorsed Geraldo Alckmin||n/a||n/a|
|2010||No candidate, endorsed José Serra||n/a||n/a|
|2014||No candidate, endorsed Marina Silva||n/a||n/a|
|2018||No candidate, endorsed Geraldo Alckmin||n/a||n/a|
- Roberto Freire, federal representative, national president of the party, previously a senator and minister of culture
- Rubens Bueno, federal representative
- Arnaldo Jordy, federal representative and current leader of the party
- Cristovam Buarque, senator, previously minister of education and governor of the Federal District
- Raul Jungmann, federal representative and minister of defense
- Itamar Franco, previously president, governor of Minas Gerais, and senator for Minas Gerais
- Soninha Francine, city representative in São Paulo
- Fernando Santanna, state representative who participated in the group that developed the Brazilian Constitution, honorary president of the party
- Denise Frossard, previously a judge and federal representative, a candidate to Rio de Janeiro governor in 2006, founder of the NGO Transparência Brasil
- Arnaldo Jardim, federal representative and secretary of agriculture in the State of São Paulo
- Luciano Rezende, mayor of Vitória
- Humberto Souto, previously federal representative and minister of Tribunal de Contas da União and mayor of Montes Claros
- Davi Zaia, a state representative in São Paulo and vice-president of the party
- Alex Manente, federal representative and president of the party in the State of São Paulo
- Kinzo, Maria D'Alva G. (2001), "Transitions: Brazil", Democracy in Latin America: (Re)Constructing Political Society, United Nations University Press, p. 39
- Steve Kingstone, "Political blow for Brazil's Lula", BBC News, 13 December 2004.
- Zerek, Helder. "PPS conclama todos brasileiros a irem às ruas contra a corrupção e pelo impeachment de Dilma no dia 13". www.ppspr.org.br.
- "Roberto Freire diz que PPS vai continuar apoiando o governo".
- "Em congresso extraordinário, PPS adota o nome Cidadania" (in Portuguese). Partido Popular Socialista. 23 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Em congresso em Brasília, PPS adota o nome Cidadania" (in Portuguese). O Globo. 23 March 2019. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- Cury, Teo (23 March 2019). "PPS aprova mudança de nome e vai se chamar Cidadania" (in Portuguese). Estadão. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Blog do PPS: Algumas verdades sobre o "Foro de São Paulo", o PT e os tiranetes que enxovalham a esquerda democrática". Blog do PPS. 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2018-11-27.