Popular Democratic Front (Italy)
The Popular Democratic Front (Italian: Fronte Democratico Popolare), shortened name of the Popular Democratic Front for Freedom, Peace, Labour (Fronte Democratico Popolare per la libertà, la pace, il lavoro) was a political alliance of political parties in Italy.
|Founded||28 December 1947|
|Dissolved||18 April 1948|
|Political position||Left-wing to Far-left|
The alliance was formed for the 1948 general election and consisted of the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and Italian Socialist Party (PSI). Its symbol was the picture of Italian Unification hero Giuseppe Garibaldi within a star. The Christian Social Party (PCS) and Sardinian Action Party (PSd'Az) were not allied with the coalition, and formed their own electoral lists. The right wing of PSI opposed the Front, left the party, and organise the list of Socialist Unity, which later became the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI).
The elections of 1948 was maybe the most important one in Italian republican history, the future alliance with United States or with the Soviet Union being in game. The Popular Front managed to obtain 31.0% of the vote for the Chamber of Deputies and 30.8% of the vote for the Senate. Following the defeat of the FDP by Christian Democracy, Italy became a founding member of the NATO in 1949.
It was composed of the following political parties:
|Italian Communist Party (PCI)||Communism||Palmiro Togliatti|
|Italian Socialist Party (PSI)||Socialism||Pietro Nenni|
|Chamber of Deputies|
183 / 574
|Senate of the Republic|
72 / 237
- Fedele, Santi (1978). Bompiani (ed.). Fronte popolare: la sinistra e le elezioni del 18 aprile 1948.
- Cacciatore, Giuseppe (1979). Dedalo (ed.). La sinistra socialista nel dopoguerra. Meridionalismo e politica unitaria in Luigi Cacciatore. pp. 2014–218.
- Gori, Francesca; Gons, Silvio (1998). Carocci (ed.). Dagli archivi di Mosca: l'URSS, il Cominform e il PCI : 1943-1951. p. 83.
- Gundle, Stephen (1995). Giunti (ed.). I comunisti italiani tra Hollywood e Mosca: la sfida della cultura di massa : 1943-1991. p. 86.
- Gori, Francesca; Gons, Silvio (1963). Aggiornamenti sociali. 14. p. 217.
- Tobagi, Walter (2009). Il Saggiatore (ed.). La rivoluzione impossibile: l'attentato a Togliatti, violenza politica e reazione popolare. p. 35.
- Victoria Belco (2010). War, Massacre, and Recovery in Central Italy, 1943-1948. University of Toronto Press. p. 498. ISBN 978-0-8020-9314-1.