|This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (May 2014)|
Pope Sabinian (Latin: Sabinianus, d. 22 February 606) was Pope from 13 September 604 to his death in 606. Pope during the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) domination of the Papacy, he was fourth former apocrisiarius to Constantinople elected pope.
|Papacy began||13 September 604|
|Papacy ended||22 February 606|
|Created Cardinal||15 October 590
by Gregory I
|Born||Blera, Eastern Roman Empire|
22 February 606 (aged 76)|
Rome, Eastern Roman Empire
|Previous post||Cardinal-Deacon of the Holy Roman Church (15 October 590 - 13 September 604)|
Sabinian was born at Blera (Bieda) near Viterbo. He had been sent by Pope Gregory I as Apostolic nuncio, to Constantinople, but he apparently was not entirely satisfactory in that office. He returned to Rome in 597.
He was probably consecrated pope on 13 September 604. He incurred unpopularity by his unseasonable economies, although the Liber Pontificalis states that he distributed grain during a famine at Rome under his pontificate. The erudite Italian Augustinian Onofrio Panvinio (1529–1568), in his Epitome pontificum Romanorum (Venice, 1557), attributes to him the introduction of the custom of ringing bells at the canonical hours and the celebration of the Eucharist. The first attribution of this was in Guillaume Durand's thirteenth-century Rationale Divinorum Officiorum.
During his reign, Sabinian was seen as a counterfoil to his predecessor Pope Gregory I. Whereas Gregory distributed grain to the Roman populace as invasion loomed, Sabinian sold it for high prices (though this may be a later interpolation by Gregory's biographers). The Liber Pontificalis praises him for "filling the church with clergy," in contrast to Gregory, who rose rapidly from simple monk to bishop of Rome.
- Duffy, Eamon. Saints and Sinners: A History of the Popes, Yale University Press, 2001, p. 72–73. ISBN 0-300-09165-6
- Ekonomou, Andrew J. 2007. Byzantine Rome and the Greek Popes: Eastern influences on Rome and the papacy from Gregory the Great to Zacharias, A.D. 590–752. Lexington Books.
- Maxwell-Stuart, P. G. Chronicle of the Popes: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Papacy from St. Peter to the Present, Thames & Hudson, 2002, p. 54. ISBN 0-500-01798-0.